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HKL Class M200

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HKL Class M200
A M200 train at Kulosaari metro station, March 2009
A M200 train at Kulosaari metro station, March 2009
Interior of a M200 carriage
Interior of a M200 carriage
ManufacturerBombardier-DWA, Alstom
Entered service2001
RefurbishedVR FleetCare
Number built12 units
Number in service12 units
Formation2 cars
Fleet numbers201-224 (each car is numbered individually)
Capacity116 seats
OperatorsHelsinki City Transport
DepotsRoihupelto, Sammalvuori[2]
Lines servedHelsinki Metro: M1, M2
Train length44.3 m (145 ft 4+18 in)
Car length22.15 m (72 ft 8+116 in)
Width3.2 m (10 ft 6 in)
Height3.7 m (12 ft 1+1116 in)
Floor height1.1 m (3 ft 7+516 in)
Doors3 double doors per car
Wheel diameter850–760 mm (33–30 in) (new–worn)
Wheelbase2,200 mm (7 ft 2+58 in)
Maximum speed
  • 90 km/h (56 mph) (design)
  • 80 km/h (50 mph) (service)
Weight61 t (60 long tons; 67 short tons)
Axle load13 t (13 long tons; 14 short tons)
Traction motors8 × Alstom Traxis 115 kW (154 hp)
Power output920 kW (1,230 hp)
Acceleration1.2 m/s2 (3.9 ft/s2)
Deceleration1.2 m/s2 (3.9 ft/s2)
Electric system(s)750 V DC third rail
UIC classificationBo′Bo′+Bo′Bo′
Multiple workingMechanically with all Helsinki Metro rolling stock
Track gauge1,522 mm (4 ft 11+2932 in)[3]

The HKL Class M200 is a class of metro trains in use on the Helsinki Metro, based on the DBAG Class 481 trains used on the Berlin S-Bahn. One train consists of two individually numbered cars. A total of 12 pairs (24 cars) were manufactured by Bombardier-DWA in Germany (with the electrical power drive systems manufactured by Alstom in France) during 2000–2001.[5][6]

In 2017, the City Council of Helsinki decided to refurbish the M100 and M200 fleets in order to extend their lifetime for another 10 years. The renovation of the M200s started in early 2023, following the refurbishment of the M100s. They are being refurbished by government-owned VR FleetCare.[7][8]

Up to six pairs can be combined into a 12-car train formation, however due to the relatively short length of the platforms (especially on the new Länsimetro extension), at most only two pairs (giving a 4-car formation per train; and prior to the Länsimetro opening in 2017 three pairs resulting in 6-car formations could also be seen during rush hour) can be combined for passenger service. Longer combinations are used in maintenance operations. Any Helsinki metro train types can be combined mechanically, such as for towing.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "VR FleetCare has delivered the last refurbished metro train to Helsinki Metropolitan Area Transport". VR FleetCare. Retrieved 7 June 2024.
  2. ^ "Track and depot". Helsingin kaupunki. 22 May 2024. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  3. ^ "Perustietoja ja metroasemat" (in Finnish and English). Finnish Railway Society. Retrieved 30 August 2022.
  4. ^ Metro trains for Helsinki City Transportation. Halle: Bombardier Transportation.
  5. ^ "Metro Helsinki: Metrojuna / Metro emu Sarja/series M200". Finnish Railway Society (www.raitio.org). Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  6. ^ "M200". City of Helsinki. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  7. ^ "M200-sarjan metrojunien peruskorjauksen hankesuunnitelma". dev.hel.fi (in Finnish). 4 December 2017. Retrieved 5 January 2020.
  8. ^ "M100- ja M200-metrojunien peruskorjauksen tilaaminen". dev.hel.fi (in Finnish). 18 April 2019. Retrieved 5 January 2020.

External links[edit]