|Founded||31 January 2013|
|Split from||Civic Party|
|Ideology||Hong Kong localism|
Liberalism (Hong Kong)
|Regional affiliation||Pro-democracy camp|
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|HK First on Facebook|
|Literal meaning||Hong Kong homeland|
HK First (Chinese: 香港本土) is a localist group set up in 2013 in Hong Kong. Its current representatives in the Legislative Council of Hong Kong are Gary Fan of Neo Democrats and Claudia Mo, former pan-democratic Civic Party member. It was founded in 2013 by two pro-democracy legislators Claudia Mo and Gary Fan to "defend the city's culture from 'mainlandisation'".
The group was formed on 31 January 2013 by the two pan-democratic legislators, Claudia Mo of the Civic Party and Gary Fan of Neo Democrats who shared sympathy with the growing localist sentiment in Hong Kong. It claims to "help safeguard not only Hong Kong's high degree of autonomy, but also its lifestyle as guaranteed unchanged for 50 years under one country, two systems and stipulated in the Basic Law".
It concerns the cultural aspects of the Hong Kong lifestyle, including the use of traditional Chinese characters, Cantonese and traditional phonetic translation between English and Cantonese, in which many localists deemed to be under "invasion" of the mainland China's simplified Chinese, Mandarin Chinese and the its phonetic translation. It also opposed the influxes of mainland tourists, grey goods traders, Mainland schools children who were seen as taken away the quota of the local students, panic-buying of baby formula and various social issues in related to Hong Kong–Mainland conflict. Despite its localist agenda, the group does not advocate for Hong Kong independence as compared to many other localists. It opposed the government's Individual Visit Scheme to limit the number of mainland tourists. They co-sponsored a controversial ad which claimed that reducing immigration would help the people of Hong Kong to get to the bottom of the housing problem, while rejecting claims of bias or discrimination against mainlanders, despite condemnation from the Equal Opportunities Commission. Fan later introduced a motion on adhering to the need to "put Hong Kong people first" in formulating policies, but the motion was ultimately defeated.
Gary Fan ran in the 2012 Legislative Council election with a "moderate" localist agenda in the New Territories East while Claudia Mo ran in Kowloon West with the slogan of "against mainlandisation". The two ran again in the 2016 Legislative Council election, in which Fan lost in the ferocious competition in New Territories East and left the group only one representative. In November 2016, Mo announced her resignation from the Civic Party, citing her differences with the party on matters especially localism. She said she would continue serving the legislature as an "independent democrat" under the label "HK First".
- "Hong Kong.Hawaii Chamber of Commerce". Hong Kong.Hawaii Chamber of Commerce.
- "Press release". 香港本土 HK First. 1 February 2013.
- "議員成立聯盟拒大陸化". Shuonline. 1 February 2016.
- Chong, Tanna (14 October 2013). "Legislators defend controversial advert on mainland migrants". South China Morning Post.
- But, Joshua (12 October 2013). "Head of equality watchdog condemns lawmakers' ad on mainland migrants". South China Morning Post.
- "Legislaitve Council of Hong Kong" (PDF).
- "Hong Kong lawmaker Claudia Mo resigns from Civic Party citing 'differences' over localism and other issues". South China Morning Post. 14 November 2016.