HLA-DPB1

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HLA-DPB1
Available structures
PDB Human UniProt search: PDBe RCSB
Identifiers
Aliases HLA-DPB1, DPB1, HLA-DP, HLA-DP1B, HLA-DPB, HLA-DPB1, major histocompatibility complex, class II, DP beta 1
External IDs HomoloGene: 129927 GeneCards: 3115
Genetically Related Diseases
Disease Name References
hepatitis B
RNA expression pattern
PBB GE HLA-DPB1 201137 s at tn.png
More reference expression data
Orthologs
Species Human Mouse
Entrez
Ensembl
UniProt
RefSeq (mRNA)

NM_002121

n/a

RefSeq (protein)

NP_002112.3

n/a

Location (UCSC) Chr 6: 33.08 – 33.09 Mb n/a
PubMed search [2] n/a
Wikidata
View/Edit Human

HLA class II histocompatibility antigen, DP(W2) beta chain is a protein that in humans is encoded by the HLA-DPB1 gene.

HLA-DPB belongs to the HLA class II beta chain paralogues. This class II molecule is a heterodimer consisting of an alpha (DPA) and a beta chain (DPB), both anchored in the membrane. It plays a central role in the immune system by presenting peptides derived from extracellular proteins. Class II molecules are expressed in antigen presenting cells (APC: B lymphocytes, dendritic cells, macrophages). The beta chain is approximately 26-28 kDa and its gene contains 6 exons. Exon one encodes the leader peptide, exons 2 and 3 encode the two extracellular domains, exon 4 encodes the transmembrane domain and exon 5 encodes the cytoplasmic tail. Within the DP molecule both the alpha chain and the beta chain contain the polymorphisms specifying the peptide binding specificities, resulting in up to 4 different molecules.[3]

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Further reading[edit]