HMAS Acute (P 81)
|Builder:||Evans Deakin and Company|
|Laid down:||April 1967|
|Launched:||26 August 1967|
|Commissioned:||26 April 1968|
|Decommissioned:||6 May 1983|
|Motto:||Swift to the Point|
|Nickname(s):||"The Lone Gun of the West Coast"|
|Fate:||Sold to Indonesia|
|Status:||Active as of 2011|
|Class and type:||Attack class patrol boat|
|Length:||107.6 ft (32.8 m) length overall|
|Beam:||20 ft (6.1 m)|
|Speed:||24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph)|
|Range:||1,200 nautical miles (2,200 km; 1,400 mi) at 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph)|
|Complement:||3 officers, 16 sailors|
Design and construction
The Attack class was ordered in 1964 to operate in Australian waters as patrol boats (based on lessons learned through using the Ton class minesweepers on patrols of Borneo during the Indonesia-Malaysia Confrontation, and to replace a variety of old patrol, search-and-rescue, and general-purpose craft. Initially, nine were ordered for the RAN, with another five for Papua New Guinea's Australian-run coastal security force, although another six ships were ordered to bring the class to twenty vessels. The patrol boats had a displacement of 100 tons at standard load and 146 tons at full load, were 107.6 feet (32.8 m) in length overall, had a beam of 20 feet (6.1 m), and draughts of 6.4 feet (2.0 m) at standard load, and 7.3 feet (2.2 m) at full load. Propulsion machinery consisted of two 16-cylinder Paxman YJCM diesel engines, which supplied 3,460 shaft horsepower (2,580 kW) to the two propellers. The vessels could achieve a top speed of 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph), and had a range of 1,200 nautical miles (2,200 km; 1,400 mi) at 13 knots (24 km/h; 15 mph). The ship's company consisted of three officers and sixteen sailors. Main armament was a bow-mounted Bofors 40 mm gun, supplemented by two .50 calibre M2 Browning machine guns and various small arms. The ships were designed with as many commercial components as possible: the Attacks were to operate in remote regions of Australia and New Guinea, and a town's hardware store would be more accessible than home base in a mechanical emergency.
Acute was predominantly used for training of Royal Australian Navy Reserve personnel at Fremantle, Western Australia. From November 1978 until the 1980s,[when?] Acute was attached to the Permanent Naval Force, and was assigned to the newly completed base at HMAS Stirling. Before the Two Ocean Policy was completely implemented, the patrol boat was for several years the only warship assigned to Western Australia (with the nickname "The Lone Gun of the West Coast"), and responsible for patrolling an area extending from Albany to Broome. Whilst on a training cruise in May 1983, Acute apprehended two Taiwanese fishing boats engaged in illegal fishing. This was the first such operation involving RANR personnel.
- Gillett, Australian and New Zealand Ships since 1946, p. 86
- Blackman (ed.), Jane's Fighting Ships, 1968–69, p. 18
- The patrol boat, Australian National Maritime Museum
- Straczek, The Royal Australian Navy: Ships, Aircraft and Shore Establishments
- Gillett, Australian and New Zealand Ships since 1946, p. 87
- Bastock, Australia's Ships of War, p.[page needed]
- "The Lone Gun of the West Coast!", in Navy News, p. 9
- Saunders (ed.), Jane's Fighting Ships 2011–2012, p.[page needed]
- Bastock, John (1975). Australia's Ships of War. Cremorne, NSW: Angus and Robertson. ISBN 0207129274. OCLC 2525523.
- Blackman, Raymond, ed. (1968). Jane's Fighting Ships, 1968–69 (71st ed.). London: Jane's Publishing Company. OCLC 123786869.
- Gillett, Ross (1988). Australian and New Zealand Warships since 1946. Brookvale, NSW: Child & Associates. ISBN 0-86777-219-0. OCLC 23470364.
- Saunders, Stephen, ed. (2011). Jane's Fighting Ships 2011–2012. Coulsdon: IHS Jane's. ISBN 9780710629593. OCLC 751789024.
- Straczek, John (1996). The Royal Australian Navy: Ships, Aircraft and Shore Establishments. Sydney, NSW: Navy Public Affairs. ISBN 1-876043-78-4.
- News articles
- "The Lone Gun of the West Coast!" (PDF). Navy News. Royal Australian Navy. 8 February 1980. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
- Online sources
- "The patrol boat". Australian National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 30 June 2011.