HMAS Tingira moored in Rose Bay, Sydney in 1912
|Namesake:||Battle of Sobraon|
|Owner:||Shaw, Lowther, Maxton & Co. (1866-1870)|
|Operator:||Devitt and Moore (1866-1891, also became owner from 1870 onwards)|
|Builder:||Alexander Hall & Co.|
|Launched:||17 April 1866|
|Maiden voyage:||9 November 1866 to 4 February 1867|
|Out of service:||January 1891|
|Identification:||Official Number 54680|
|Fate:||Sold to Government of New South Wales in 1891, sold to Australian federal government in 1911|
|Commissioned:||25 April 1912|
|Decommissioned:||30 June 1927|
|Fate:||Broken up in 1941|
|Beam:||40 ft (12 m)|
|Draught:||16 ft (4.9 m) mean|
|Depth of hold:||27 feet (8.2 m)|
|Sail plan:||2 acres (0.81 ha) sail area|
|Speed:||Up to 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)|
|Crew:||69 (as Sobraon)|
HMAS Tingira was a training ship operated by the Royal Australia Navy (RAN) between 1911 and 1927. The ship was built in Scotland by Alexander Hall & Co. in 1866 as the passenger clipper Sobraon; the largest composite-hull sailing vessel ever built. She sailed on an annual migration run between England and Australia until 1891, when she was sold to the colonial government of New South Wales for use as a reformatory ship. The vessel was then sold to the federal government in 1911, and entered RAN service. Tingira was paid off in 1927, but despite efforts to preserve the ship, was broken up in 1941.
Design and construction
The ship had a tonnage value of 2,131 GRT. She was 317 feet (97 m) in length overall and 272 feet (83 m) long between perpendiculars, with a beam of 40 feet (12 m), and a mean draught of 16 ft (4.9 m). The vessel was designed as a combination steam-sail ship, but plans to integrate a steam-powered propulsion system were cancelled while the ship was being built. Under full sail, Sobraon could use up to 2 acres (0.81 ha) of sail, and could achieve 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph). The ship's hold was 27 feet (8.2 m), and there was provision for livestock. The hull was of composite construction - teak planking over an iron frame. Sobraon was the largest composite-hull sailing vessel ever built.[note 1]
The ship was built for Shaw, Lowther, Maxton & Co., but was initially operated by the firm Devitt and Moore, who purchased the vessel in 1870. Sobraon was used on the England to Australia migration route, and made one trip per year from England. Her maiden voyage departed London on 9 November and Plymouth 21 November 1866, reaching Australia on 4 February 1867. Initially, voyages ended in Sydney, but from 1872 onwards, Sobraon began sailing to Melbourne instead. The ship's high speed, along with onboard facilities like a water condenser, 3-tonne (3.0-long-ton; 3.3-short-ton) ice chamber, and fresh milk daily from onboard livestock, made Sobraon one of the more popular migration ships. On the first three return voyages, Sobraon would take on a cargo of Indian tea and race other ships back to England to deliver the first cargo. After the third voyage, the ship was instead loaded with cargoes of Australian wheat and wool for the return leg.
On 14 October 1890, Sobraon sailed on her final voyage to Australia. She reached Melbourne on 4 January 1891, was sold later that month to the New South Wales Government, then towed to Sydney. In the hands of the colony's government, Sobraon was assigned to the State Welfare Department and refitted for use as a reformatory ship, where delinquent boys were trained in the skills for a maritime career. Moored off Cockatoo Island and operated under the designation "Nautical School Ship Sobraon", over 4,000 boys were hosted and trained across a 20-year period.
The Australian federal government purchased the ship in 1911 for use as a training ship for the fledgling Royal Australian Navy (RAN). She was refitted, commissioned into the RAN as HMAS Tingira (an aboriginal word for "open sea") on 25 April 1912, and moored in Rose Bay. Up to 250 boys between the ages of 14 1/2 and 16 could be trained at any time, although the trainee complement rarely exceeded 200. Between 1912 and 1927, 3,158 boys were trained for naval service. As Tingira was immobilised, the steam yacht HMAS Sleuth was attached to the training ship as a tender, and used to provide seagoing experience to recruits.
Tingira was paid off on 30 June 1927, and laid up in Berry's Bay. In 1929, the ship was sold to a private owner, but he did not put her to any use before passing away in 1935. Tingira was then purchased by Major Friere (a retired British Army officer) in 1936, who was working with Louisa Ankin to preserve the ship as a national relic. Two years later, the ship was sold to a ship breaker by mortgagees; Friere and Ankin attempted to repurchase the ship, but were unsuccessful. Tingira was broken up in 1941.
Teenage trainees at the RAN's Junior Recruit Training Establishment (which operated at Fremantle naval base HMAS Leeuwin from 1960 to 1984) wore shoulder flashes bearing the name "Tingira" as a historical link with the training ship. Tingira Memorial Park, a small park on the Rose Bay waterfront, commemorates HMAS Tingira. The park was established in two phases; the first opening in 1962, the second completed in 1977.
- Bastock, Australia's Ships of War, p. 63
- "Launch of the Australian Clipper "Sobraon"". The Aberdeen Journal (6171). Aberdeen. 18 April 1866. p. 5.
- Sobraon, in Aberdeen Ships Database
- "Shipbuilding at Aberdeen". The Times (25477). London. 20 April 1866. p. 11.
- Bastock, Australia's Ships of War, p. 64
- "Shipping News". The Dundee Courier & Argus (4141). Dundee. 13 November 1866. p. 2.
- "Shipping: Arrivals". The Illustrated Sydney News (Vol III, No.33). 16 February 1867. p. 114. Retrieved 11 September 2015.
- Andrews, Graeme (July 2012). "The long, long story of Ena/Sleuth/Aurore/Ena". Afloat. Retrieved July 2014. Check date values in:
- Bastock, Australia's Ships of War, p. 35
- Woollahra Municipal Council, Tinigira Memorial Park
- Bastock, John (1975). Australia's Ships of War. Cremorne, NSW: Angus and Robertson. ISBN 0-207-12927-4. OCLC 2525523.
- "Sobraon". Aberdeen Built Ships. Aberdeen City Council. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
- "Tingira Memorial Park". Woollahra Municipal Council. Retrieved 1 November 2011.
- The Aberdeen Journal compared Sobraon with the ship Schomberg, from the same builder in 1855. The latter was length 288 feet, breadth 45 feet, depth of hold 29 feet; 2400 register tons (the measurement system changed and under the old system was 2600 tons), burthen 3000-4000 tons; but she was not a composite vessel.
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