HMAS Townsville (FCPB 205)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMAS Townsville.
US Navy DN-ST-90-08224 HMAS Townsville (FCPB 205) cropped.jpg
HMAS Townsville in 1990
History
Australia
Namesake: City of Townsville, Queensland
Builder: North Queensland Engineers and Agents
Laid down: 5 March 1979
Launched: 16 May 1981
Commissioned: 18 July 1981
Decommissioned: 11 May 2007
Homeport: HMAS Cairns
Motto: "Bold and Ready"
Nickname(s):
  • "The Black Knight Mustang 205"
  • "Wily Coyote"
Honours and
awards:
Three inherited battle honours
Fate: Museum ship at Townsville Maritime Museum
General characteristics
Class and type: Fremantle-class patrol boat
Displacement: 220 tons
Length: 137.6 ft (41.9 m)
Beam: 25.25 ft (7.70 m)
Draught: 5.75 ft (1.75 m)
Propulsion: 2 MTU series 538 diesel engines, 3,200 shp (2,400 kW), 2 propellers
Speed: 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph)
Range: 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph)
Complement: 22
Armament:
  • One general purpose 40/60 mm Bofors gun
  • Two 12.7 mm machine guns
  • One 81 mm mortar (removed later)

HMAS Townsville (FCPB 205), named for the city of Townsville, Queensland, was a Fremantle-class patrol boat of the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Built by North Queensland Engineers and Agents, the ship was laid down in 1979, and commissioned into the RAN in 1981.

Assigned to the naval base HMAS Cairns, Townsville was primarily assigned to fisheries protection and border patrol operations in northern Australian waters. In December 1981, the patrol boat recaptured an escaping illegal fishing vessel. The next year, she was used for filming of the Patrol Boat television series. Townsville was deployed to Fiji as part of Operation Morris Dance in May 1987.

Townsville was decommissioned in May 2007. The ship was donated to the Townsville Maritime Museum for preservation. Attempts to put the ship on display stalled and the ship fell into disrepair, with the maritime museum acquired by Port of Townsville in 2015.

Design and construction[edit]

Starting in the late 1960s, planning began for a new class of patrol boat to replace the Attack class, with designs calling for improved seakeeping capability, and updated weapons and equipment.[1] The Fremantles had a full load displacement of 220 tonnes (220 long tons; 240 short tons), were 137.6 feet (41.9 m) long overall, had a beam of 24.25 feet (7.39 m), and a maximum draught of 5.75 feet (1.75 m).[2] Main propulsion machinery consisted of two MTU series 538 diesel engines, which supplied 3,200 shaft horsepower (2,400 kW) to the two propeller shafts.[2] Exhaust was not expelled through a funnel, like most ships, but through vents below the waterline.[3] The patrol boat could reach a maximum speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph), and had a maximum range of 5,000 nautical miles (9,300 km; 5,800 mi) at 5 knots (9.3 km/h; 5.8 mph).[2] The ship's company consisted of 22 personnel.[2] Each patrol boat was armed with a single 40 mm Bofors gun as main armament, supplemented by two .50 cal Browning machineguns and an 81-mm mortar,[2] although the mortar was removed from all ships sometime after 1988.[citation needed] The main weapon was originally to be two 30-mm guns on a twin-mount, but the reconditioned Bofors were selected to keep costs down; provision was made to install an updated weapon later in the class' service life, but this did not eventuate.[3][4]

Townsville was laid down by North Queensland Engineers and Agents at Cairns, Queensland on 5 March 1979.[5][6] She was launched on 16 May 1981 by the wife of Queensland Governor James Ramsay.[6] The ship was commissioned into the RAN on 18 July 1981, and assigned to the naval base at HMAS Cairns.[5][6] The patrol boat has variously been nicknamed "The Black Knight Mustang 205" and "Wily Coyote" (the latter after the Looney Tunes character Wile E. Coyote).[7]

Operational history[edit]

Townsville, like all the Fremantle-class vessels, was primarily assigned to fisheries protection and border patrol operations in northern Australian waters.[6] Tasks included boarding and inspection of ships operating in Australian waters, preventing unauthorised arrivals and illegal fishing, intercepting smugglers, and acting in support of Customs and law enforcement operations.[6] Additionally, during the construction of the Fremantle class, Townsville was the designated buddy ship for vessels completing sea trials and initial working up.[citation needed]

On 25 December 1981, Townsville was called on to pursue the Taiwanese fishing vessel Yuan Tsun.[8] The ship, which had been detained in Trinity Inlet after being caught illegally fishing in Australian waters, took the opportunity to escape while most military and law-enforcement personnel were on leave for the Christmas holiday.[8] Townsville maintained pursuit of Yuan Tusn as the ship attempted to escape the Great Barrier Reef, fired several warning shots, and received approval from the Defence Minister to fire directly on the ship before the captain surrendered.[8]

Front (top) and back of commemorative t-shirt for the recapture of Yuan Tusn.

During 1982, Townsville was one of several Fremantles used to depict the fictional HMAS Defiance for filming of the second season of the ABC television series Patrol Boat.[8][9]

Townsville was involved in Exercise Kangaroo 83.[citation needed]

In late May 1987, Townsville was deployed to Fiji as part of Operation Morris Dance, as relief for one of the patrol boats sent following the initial coup d'état earlier that month.[10] The Australian government decided on 29 May that the situation had stabilised, with Townsville sailing for home that day.[10]

On 1 June 1990, the patrol boat intercepted a vessel carrying Cambodian refugees off Bathurst Island.[11] The vessel began sinking while the boarding and inspection was underway, with the personnel of Townsville rescuing 45 men, 17 women, and 17 children, and transporting them to Darwin.[11] The following month, the patrol boat was in Nuku'Alofa for celebrations of the King of Tonga's birthday.[12]

In January 1992, Townsville was used as the platform from which a team of clearance divers disposed of undetonated bombs found on Middleton Reef.[13]

In July 1993, Townsville was used for water flow and cavitation experiments on the vessel's propellers.[14] Two windows were inserted into the ship's hull above the propellers to allow filming of these effects.[14]

During February 1994, Townsville visited several Papua New Guinean ports while conducting patrol operations in the Coral Sea.[15]

In August 1995, Townsville participated in celebrations of the 50th anniversary of the end of World War II in the Pacific theatre.[16]

From 24 to 28 May 1999, the patrol boat operated in the Thursday Islands as part of a sweep for illegal activity.[17]

Decommissioning and fate[edit]

In 2007, Townsville was marked for disposal. On 23 April, the Australian Government announced Townsville had been given to the Townsville Maritime Museum as a museum ship, along with $200,000 in funding to build a dry dock for display.[18][19] Another $100,000 was promised by Townsville City Council.[20] The patrol boat was decommissioned at HMAS Cairns on 11 May 2007, in a joint ceremony with HMAS Ipswich.[21] The two patrol boats were the last of the class in active service.[21]

The vessel is fully operational (minus weaponry), and the museum intended to keep Townsville in a sailable condition, with maintenance undertaken by volunteers.[7][22][23] In addition to being opened for public display, the Townsville Maritime Museum has also been contacted by cadet groups and emergency response organisations wanting to use the vessel for training.[7] While waiting for approval to construct the dry dock adjacent to the museum site, Townsville was berthed at the Curtain Bros. wharf in Ross Creek.[22]

Townsville resting on the bottom at low tide, at the Curtain Bros. wharf.

As of January 2012, construction of the dry dock was scheduled to begin in mid-2012, pending council approval of building plans and the securing of additional funding.[23] By March 2015, approval for the dock had not been granted: the museum blamed the delays on the Port of Townsville and other government authorities for not supporting the project and delaying approvals for a seabed site lease, while the Port of Townsville claimed that the museum had not put forward a viable business plan.[20][24] In the interim, the condition of the patrol boat has deteriorated, with the museum unable to fund maintenance.[20] There are concerns over the condition of Townsville's hull, both from marine growth and from the lack of recent care resulting in the patrol boat resting on the rocky bottom at low tide.[25][26]

Following meetings between the museum, the port authority, the council, and the regional development and tourism organisation, the Port of Townsville offered to take over the museum.[25]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Mitchell, Farewell to the Fremantle class, p. 105
  2. ^ a b c d e Gillett, Australian and New Zealand Warships since 1946, p. 89
  3. ^ a b Gillett, Australian and New Zealand Warships since 1946, p. 88
  4. ^ Jones, in Stevens, The Royal Australian Navy, p. 222
  5. ^ a b Moore, Jane's Fighting Ships 1985–86, p. 26
  6. ^ a b c d e "HMAS Townsville". Royal Australian Navy. Retrieved 11 September 2008. 
  7. ^ a b c "HMAS Townsville Today". Townsville Maritime Museum. Retrieved 6 September 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d "HMAS Townsville (1981–2007)". Townsville Maritime Museum. Retrieved 6 September 2015. 
  9. ^ "Farewell to the Fremantle class" (PDF). Semaphore. Sea Power Centre – Royal Australian Navy. 2005 (17). October 2005. Retrieved 6 September 2015. 
  10. ^ a b Gubb, Mathew (1988). The Australian Military Response to the Fiji Coup, An Assessment. Strategic and Defence Studies Centre Working Paper No. 171. Canberra: Australian National University. p. 8. ISBN 0-7315-0497-6. 
  11. ^ a b Bendle et. al., Database of Royal Australian Navy Operations, 1990–2005, p. 5
  12. ^ Bendle et. al., Database of Royal Australian Navy Operations, 1990–2005, p. 6
  13. ^ Bendle et. al., Database of Royal Australian Navy Operations, 1990–2005, p. 14
  14. ^ a b Kuiper, G.; Grimm, M; McNeice, B.; Noble, D.; Krikke, M. (21 July 2003). "Propeller Inflow at Full Scale During a Manoeuvre". Twenty-Fourth Symposium on Naval Hydrodynamics. National Academies Press. pp. 551–565. ISBN 0309254701. 
  15. ^ Bendle et. al., Database of Royal Australian Navy Operations, 1990–2005, p. 20
  16. ^ Bendle et. al., Database of Royal Australian Navy Operations, 1990–2005, p. 24
  17. ^ Bendle et. al., Database of Royal Australian Navy Operations, 1990–2005, p. 37
  18. ^ "Fed Govt hands over HMAS Townsville to museum". ABC. 23 April 2007. Retrieved 2 May 2007. 
  19. ^ Australian National Audit Office (5 February 2015), Management of the Disposal of Specialist Military Equipment (Report), Government of Australia, p. 62, retrieved 24 April 2015 
  20. ^ a b c Raggat, Tony (16 March 2015). "HMAS Townsville 'rotting away' says former maritime museum volunteer". Townsville Bulletin. News Corporation. Retrieved 23 October 2015. 
  21. ^ a b "Last of the Fremantles bow out". The Navy. Navy League of Australia. 69 (3): 28. September 2007. 
  22. ^ a b Anderson, John (15 March 2011). "Low-key Dawn Service". Townsville Bulletin. News Corporation. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 18 March 2011. 
  23. ^ a b Fernbach, Nathalie (9 January 2012). "Patrol boat plans". ABC North Queensland. Retrieved 14 January 2012. 
  24. ^ Raggat, Tony (20 March 2015). "Port says Maritime Museum needs viable plan for patrol boat". Townsville Bulletin. News Corporation. Retrieved 23 October 2015. 
  25. ^ a b Raggat, Tony (26 March 2015). "Townsville port to take over running of maritime museum". Townsville Bulletin. News Corporation. Retrieved 23 October 2015. 
  26. ^ Raggat, Tony (30 May 2015). "Port leads big rescue mission". Townsville Bulletin. News Corporation. Retrieved 23 October 2015. 

References[edit]

  • Bendle, Vanessa; Griffin, David; Laurence, Peter; McMillan, Richard; Mitchell, Brett; Nasg, Greg; Perryman, John; Stevens, David; Wheate, Nial (2005). Database of Royal Australian Navy Operations, 1990–2005 (PDF). Working Papers. 18. Canberra, ACT: Sea Power Centre – Australia. ISBN 0642296235. Retrieved 16 August 2009. 
  • Gillett, Ross (1988). Australian and New Zealand Warships since 1946. Brookvale, NSW: Child & Associates. ISBN 0-86777-219-0. OCLC 23470364. 
  • Jones, Peter (2001). "Towards Self Reliance". In Stevens, David. The Royal Australian Navy. The Australian Centenary History of Defence (vol III). South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-555542-2. OCLC 50418095. 
  • Mitchell, Brett (2007). "Farewell to the Fremantle Class". In Forbes, Andrew; Lovi, Michelle. Australian Maritime Issues 2006 (PDF). Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs. Sea Power Centre – Australia. ISBN 0-642-29644-8. ISSN 1327-5658. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
    • The chapter is available separately as Semaphore, Issue 17, 2005 in PDF and HTML formats.
  • Moore, John, ed. (1985). Jane's Fighting Ships 1985–86. London: Jane's Yearbooks. ISBN 0-7106-0814-4. 

Coordinates: 19°15′23″S 146°49′35″E / 19.256489°S 146.826516°E / -19.256489; 146.826516