HMAS Wagga

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HMAS Wagga in 1944
HMAS Wagga in 1944
History
Australia
Namesake: City of Wagga Wagga, New South Wales
Builder: Morts Dock & Engineering Co in Sydney
Laid down: 8 March 1942
Launched: 25 July 1942
Commissioned: 18 December 1942
Decommissioned: 28 November 1945
Recommissioned: 12 December 1951
Decommissioned: 28 October 1960
Reclassified: Training ship (12 December 1951)
Motto: "Uppermost ever"
Honours and
awards:
Fate: Sold for scrap in 1962
General characteristics
Class and type: Bathurst-class corvette
Displacement: 815 tons (standard)
Length: 189 ft (58 m)
Beam: 32 ft (9.8 m)
Draught: 8 ft 4 in (2.54 m)
Propulsion: triple expansion engine, 2 shafts
Speed: 15.5 knots (28.7 km/h; 17.8 mph)
Complement: 85
Armament:

HMAS Wagga (J315), named after the city of Wagga Wagga, New South Wales was one of 60 Bathurst-class corvettes constructed during World War II, and one of 36 initially manned and commissioned solely by the Royal Australian Navy (RAN).[1] During the war, the ship operated primarily in New Guinea waters.[1] After war service, the corvette was placed in reserve, but she was recommisioned in 1951 as a training vessel, and was repeatedly moved into and out of reserve.[1] Wagga was decommissioned in 1960, making her the last of the Australian-operated corvettes.[1]

Design and construction[edit]

In 1938, the Australian Commonwealth Naval Board (ACNB) identified the need for a general purpose 'local defence vessel' capable of both anti-submarine and mine-warfare duties, while easy to construct and operate.[2][3] The vessel was initially envisaged as having a displacement of approximately 500 tons, a speed of at least 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph), and a range of 2,000 nautical miles (3,700 km; 2,300 mi)[4] The opportunity to build a prototype in the place of a cancelled Bar-class boom defence vessel saw the proposed design increased to a 680-ton vessel, with a 15.5 knots (28.7 km/h; 17.8 mph) top speed, and a range of 2,850 nautical miles (5,280 km; 3,280 mi), armed with a 4-inch gun, equipped with asdic, and able to fitted with either depth charges or minesweeping equipment depending on the planned operations: although closer in size to a sloop than a local defence vessel, the resulting increased capabilities were accepted due to advantages over British-designed mine warfare and anti-submarine vessels.[2][5] Construction of the prototype HMAS Kangaroo did not go ahead, but the plans were retained.[6] The need for locally built 'all-rounder' vessels at the start of World War II saw the "Australian Minesweepers" (designated as such to hide their anti-submarine capability, but popularly referred to as "corvettes") approved in September 1939, with 60 constructed during the course of the war: 36 (including Wagga) ordered by the RAN, 20 ordered by the British Admiralty but manned and commissioned as RAN vessels, and 4 for the Royal Indian Navy.[2][7][8][9][1]

Wagga was laid down by Morts Dock & Engineering Co in Sydney, New South Wales on 8 March 1942.[1] She was launched on 25 July 1942 by Mrs H. E. Gissing, the wife of the mayor of Wagga Wagga, and commissioned into the RAN on 18 December 1942.[1]

Operational history[edit]

World War II[edit]

Wagga entered service in January 1943, escorting convoys along the eastern Australian coast.[1] Her area of operations extended into New Guinea in March, before the corvette operated in support of Operation Lilliput until June 1943.[1] During the operation, on 14 April 1943, Wagga and several British and Dutch ships were attacked by over 100 Japanese aircraft. Wagga was not damaged, although several other ships were set on fire.[1] Following Lilliput, she returned to convoy duties until the end of 1943.[1]

Wagga visited Williamstown, Victoria for refits over December 1943 and January 1944, before spending the rest of the war operating in New Guinea.[1] Wagga fulfilled many roles in this time; escorting convoys, performing anti-submarine patrols, transporting troops and supplies, and bombarding enemy land positions in support of Allied troops.[1]

At the conclusion of World War II, Wagga sailed for Hong Kong, arriving on 29 August 1945.[1] She remained there until October 1945, conducting mine sweeping and anti-piracy patrols.[1] The corvette returned to Melbourne on 7 November, and was decommissioned into reserve on 28 November.[1]

The corvette's wartime service was recognised with the battle honours "Pacific 1943–45" and "New Guinea 1943–44".[10][11]

Training ship[edit]

The ship was reactivated and recommissioned as a training ship on 12 December 1951.[1] As well as training reservists and National Service trainees, Wagga was called on to tow the cruiser HMAS Hobart to Newcastle in August 1952, perform patrols of New Guinea in 1954 and 1956, and assist in oceanographic surveys.[1] Wagga underwent several refits and modernisations, and was decommissioned and recommissioned at least six times, on one occasion being in commission for only 11 days.[1]

Fate[edit]

Wagga decommissioned for the final time on 28 October 1960, after travelling 190,000 nautical miles (350,000 km).[1] She was the last of the Bathurst class to leave Australian service.[1] The corvette was sold to the South Australia Carrying Company for scrapping in March 1962.[1]

The White Ensign flown from Wagga was presented to the mayor of Wagga Wagga on 23 April 2011, during the final reunion for the ship's company.[12] The flag is to be preserved and placed on display in the city's Civic Centre.[12]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v "HMAS Wagga". Sea Power Centre Australia. Retrieved 16 December 2008. 
  2. ^ a b c Stevens, The Australian Corvettes, p. 1
  3. ^ Stevens, A Critical Vulnerability, p. 103
  4. ^ Stevens, A Critical Vulnerability, pp. 103–4
  5. ^ Stevens, A Critical Vulnerability, pp. 103–5
  6. ^ Stevens, A Critical Vulnerability, p. 104
  7. ^ Stevens, A Critical Vulnerability, pp. 105, 148
  8. ^ Donohue, From Empire Defence to the Long Haul, p. 29
  9. ^ Stevens et al., The Royal Australian Navy, p. 108
  10. ^ "Navy Marks 109th Birthday With Historic Changes To Battle Honours". Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  11. ^ "Royal Australian Navy Ship/Unit Battle Honours" (PDF). Royal Australian Navy. 1 March 2010. Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 June 2011. Retrieved 23 December 2012. 
  12. ^ a b Higgins, Ben (23 April 2011). "HMAS Wagga crew to part with last flag". The Daily Advertiser. Retrieved 29 April 2011. 

References[edit]

Books
  • Donohue, Hector (October 1996). From Empire Defence to the Long Haul: post-war defence policy and its impact on naval force structure planning 1945–1955. Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs. No. 1. Canberra: Sea Power Centre. ISBN 0-642-25907-0. ISSN 1327-5658. OCLC 36817771. 
  • Stevens, David (2005). A Critical Vulnerability: the impact of the submarine threat on Australia's maritime defense 1915–1954. Papers in Australian Maritime Affairs. No. 15. Canberra: Sea Power Centre Australia. ISBN 0-642-29625-1. ISSN 1327-5658. OCLC 62548623. 
  • Stevens, David; Sears, Jason; Goldrick, James; Cooper, Alastair; Jones, Peter; Spurling, Kathryn, (2001). Stevens, David, ed. The Royal Australian Navy. The Australian Centenary History of Defence (vol III). South Melbourne, VIC: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-554116-2. OCLC 50418095. 
Journal and news articles
  • Stevens, David (May 2010). "The Australian Corvettes" (PDF). Hindsight (Semaphore). Sea Power Centre – Australia. 2010 (05). Retrieved 13 August 2010. 

External links[edit]

Media related to HMAS Wagga at Wikimedia Commons