HMCS Gaspé (J94)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMCS Gaspé.
HMCS Gaspé H-568.jpg
Gaspé underway
History
Canada
Name: Gaspé
Namesake: Gaspé Bay
Ordered: 23 August 1937
Builder: Morton Engineering and Dry Dock Co. Quebec City
Commissioned: 21 October 1938
Decommissioned: 27 July 1945
Identification: pennant number: J94
Fate: Sold for mercantile use 1946
General characteristics
Class and type: Fundy-class minesweeper
Displacement: 460 long tons (470 t; 520 short tons)
Length: 163 ft (49.7 m)
Beam: 27.5 ft (8.4 m)
Draught: 14.5 ft (4.4 m)
Speed: 12 knots (22.2 km/h)
Complement: 38
Armament: 1 × QF 4 in (102 mm) Mk IV gun[1]

HMCS Gaspé was a Fundy-class minesweeper that served in the Royal Canadian Navy from 1938 to 1945. She saw service during the Second World War as part of the local defence of Halifax. She was named for Gaspé Bay in Quebec. Following the war the ship was sold for mercantile use, becoming the tugboat Sung Li. The ship's registry was deleted in 1993.

Design and description[edit]

In 1936, new minesweepers were ordered for the Royal Canadian Navy.[2] Based on the British Basset class,[3][4] those built on the east coast would cost $318,000 per vessel.[5] At the outbreak of the Second World War, the Royal Canadian Navy considered constructing more, but chose to build Bangor-class minesweepers instead upon learning of that design due to their oil-burning engines.[3][6][7]

The Fundy class, named after the lead ship, displaced 460 long tons (470 t; 520 short tons). They were 163 ft (49.7 m) long, with a beam of 27.5 ft (8.4 m) and a draught of 14.5 ft (4.4 m). They had a complement of 3 officers and 35 ratings.[8]

The Fundy class was propelled by one shaft driven by vertical triple expansion engine powered by steam from a one-cylinder boiler.[4] This created between 850–950 indicated horsepower (630–710 kW) and gave the minesweepers a top speed of 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph).[4][8] The ships were capable of carrying between 180–196 long tons (183–199 t) of coal.[4]

The ships were armed with one QF 4-inch (102 mm) Mk IV gun mounted forward on a raised platform.[1][4][note 1][note 2] The minesweepers were armed with two 20 mm Oerlikon anti-aircraft cannons.[1] They were later equipped with 25 depth charges.[4]

Service history[edit]

Gaspé was ordered on 23 August 1937 for the Royal Canadian Navy.[9] The vessel's keel was laid down on 24 January 1938 by Morton Engineering and Dry Dock Co. at Quebec City. The ship was launched on 12 August later that year. Gaspé was commissioned into the Royal Canadian Navy on 21 October 1938 at Quebec City.[10]

After commissioning, Gaspé was one of two of the Fundy-class minesweepers assigned to the east coast of Canada. She was stationed at Halifax, Nova Scotia when the war broke out. At the onset of war, Gaspé and sister ship Fundy were the only warships available to patrol the entrance to Halifax's harbour.[11] She served with the Halifax Local Defence Force as a local minesweeper.[10] On 14 January 1945, she picked up 56 survivors of the British tanker British Freedom that was torpedoed and sunk east of Halifax by U-1232.[9] The ship was paid off on 23 July 1945 at Halifax.[10]

Gaspé was sold into mercantile service in 1946.[12] The ship re-emerged as the tugboat Sung Li, working out of Shanghai.[10] The ship's registry was deleted in 1993.[13]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Macpherson and Barrie state that the ships were equipped with one QF 12-pounder 12 cwt naval gun.
  2. ^ Mark IV = Mark 4. Britain used Roman numerals to denote Marks (models) of ordnance until after World War II.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Macpherson, p. 14
  2. ^ Johnston et al., p. 979
  3. ^ a b Macpherson and Barrie, p. 167
  4. ^ a b c d e f Chesneau, p. 65
  5. ^ Johnston et al., p. 1075
  6. ^ Pritchard, pp. 21-2
  7. ^ Tucker, p. 29
  8. ^ a b Macpherson and Barrie, p. 32
  9. ^ a b "HMCS Gaspe (J94)". uboat.net. Retrieved 27 May 2014. 
  10. ^ a b c d Macpherson and Barrie, p. 33
  11. ^ Tucker, p. 114
  12. ^ Colledge, p. 250
  13. ^ "Gaspe (5344827)". Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 13 August 2016. (subscription required (help)). 

Sources[edit]

  • Chesneau, Roger, ed. (1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1922–1946. Greenwich, UK: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-146-7. 
  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475. 
  • Johnston, William; Rawling, William G.P.; Gimblett, Richard H.; MacFarlane, John (2010). The Seabound Coast: The Official History of the Royal Canadian Navy, 1867-1939. 1. Toronto: Dundurn Press. ISBN 978-1-55488-908-2. 
  • Macpherson, Ken (1990). Minesweepers of the Royal Canadian Navy 1938-45. St. Catharines, Ontario: Vanwell Publishing Limited. ISBN 0-920277-55-1. 
  • Macpherson, Ken; Barrie, Ron (2002). The Ships of Canada's Naval Forces 1910-2002 (Third ed.). St. Catharines, Ontario: Vanwell Publishing. ISBN 1-55125-072-1. 
  • Pritchard, James (2011). A Bridge of Ships: Canadian Shipbuilding during the Second World War. Montreal, Quebec and Kingston, Ontario: McGill-Queen's University Press. ISBN 978-0-7735-3824-5. 
  • Tucker, Gilbert Norman (1952). The Naval Service of Canada, Its Official History - Volume 2: Activities on Shore During the Second World War. Ottawa: King's Printer.