HMCS Winnipeg (FFH 338)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships with the same name, see HMCS Winnipeg.
HMCS Winnipeg (FFH 338) underway in 2001.JPEG
HMCS Winnipeg underway in 2001
History
Canada
Name: Winnipeg
Namesake: Winnipeg, Manitoba
Builder: Saint John Shipbuilding Ltd., Saint John
Laid down: 20 March 1993
Launched: 5 December 1994
Commissioned: 23 June 1995
Refit: HCM/FELEX April 2012 – April 2013
Homeport: CFB Esquimalt
Motto: Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One with the strength of many)
Honours and
awards:
Atlantic 1943–45, Arabian Sea[1]
Fate: in active service
Badge: Azure, a Bison passant, Or.
General characteristics
Class and type: Halifax-class frigate
Displacement:
  • 3,995 metric tons (3,932 long tons) (light)
  • 4,795 metric tons (4,719 long tons) (operational)
  • 5,032 metric tons (4,953 long tons) (deep load)
Length: 134.2 m (440 ft 3 in)
Beam: 16.5 m (54 ft 2 in)
Draught: 7.1 m (23 ft 4 in)
Propulsion:
Speed: 30 knots (35 mph; 56 km/h)
Range: 9,500 nmi (17,600 km; 10,900 mi)
Complement: 225 (including air detachment)
Armament:
Aircraft carried: 1 × CH-124 Sea King

HMCS Winnipeg is a Halifax-class frigate that has served in the Royal Canadian Navy since 1996. Winnipeg is the ninth ship in her class, whose design emerged from the Canadian Patrol Frigate Project. She is the second Canadian warship to carry the name HMCS Winnipeg. Winnipeg serves on Canadian Forces MARPAC missions protecting Canada's sovereignty in the Pacific Ocean and the Arctic Ocean and in enforcing Canadian laws on its territorial oceans and Exclusive Economic Zone. The vessel has been deployed on missions throughout the Pacific, and also to the Indian Ocean; specifically on anti-terrorism operations in the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea, and counter-piracy operations off the coast of Somalia. The ship is assigned to the Maritime Forces Pacific (MARPAC), and she has her home port at the Canadian Forces Maritime Base at Esquimalt.

Description and design[edit]

The Halifax-class frigate design, emerging from the Canadian Patrol Frigate Project, was ordered by the Canadian Forces in 1977 as a replacement for the aging St. Laurent, Restigouche, Mackenzie, and Annapolis classes of destroyer escorts, which were all tasked with anti-submarine warfare.[2] Winnipeg was ordered in December 1987 as part of the second batch of frigates.[3][4] To reflect the changing long term strategy of the Navy during the 1980s and 1990s, the Halifax-class frigates was designed as a general purpose warship with particular focus on anti-submarine capabilities.[2]

As built, the Halifax-class vessels displaced 4,750 long tons (4,830 t) and were 134.65 metres (441 ft 9 in) long overall and 124.49 metres (408 ft 5 in) between perpendiculars with a beam of 16.36 metres (53 ft 8 in) and a draught of 4.98 metres (16 ft 4 in).[3][5] That made them slightly larger than the Iroquois-class destroyers.[3] The vessels are propelled by two shafts with Escher Wyss controllable pitch propellers driven by a CODOG system of two General Electric LM2500 gas turbines, generating 47,500 shaft horsepower (35,400 kW) and one SEMT Pielstick 20 PA6 V 280 diesel engine, generating 8,800 shaft horsepower (6,600 kW).[5]

This gives the frigates a maximum speed of 29 knots (54 km/h; 33 mph) and a range of 7,000 nautical miles (13,000 km; 8,100 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph) while using their diesel engines.[3][5] Using their gas turbines, the ships have a range of 3,930 nautical miles (7,280 km; 4,520 mi) at 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph). The Halifax class have a complement of 198 naval personnel of which 17 are officers and 17 aircrew of which 8 are officers.[5]

Armament and aircraft[edit]

As built the Halifax-class vessels deployed the CH-124 Sea King helicopter, which acted in concert with shipboard sensors to seek out and destroy submarines at long distances from the ships. The ships have a helicopter deck fitted with a "bear trap" system allowing the launch and recovery of helicopters in up to sea state 6. The Halifax class also carries a close-in anti-submarine weapon in the form of the Mark 46 torpedo, launched from twin Mark 32 Mod 9 torpedo tubes in launcher compartments either side of the forward end of the helicopter hangar.[5]

As built, the anti-shipping role is supported by the RGM-84 Harpoon Block 1C surface-to-surface missile, mounted in two quadruple launch tubes at the main deck level between the funnel and the helicopter hangar.[3][5] For anti-aircraft self-defence the ships are armed with the Sea Sparrow vertical launch surface-to-air missile in two Mk 48 Mod 0 eight-cell launchers placed to port and starboard of the funnel. The vessels carry 16 missiles.[5] A Raytheon/General Dynamics Phalanx Mark 15 Mod 21 Close-In Weapon System (CIWS) is mounted on top of the helicopter hangar for "last-ditch" defence against targets that evade the Sea Sparrow.[5]

As built, the main gun on the forecastle is a 57 mm (2.2 in)/70 calibre Mark 2 gun from Bofors.[a] The gun is capable of firing 2.4-kilogram (5.3 lb) shells at a rate of 220 rounds per minute at a range of more than 17 kilometres (11 mi).[5] The vessels also carry eight 12.7 mm (0.50 in) machine guns.[4]

Countermeasures and sensors[edit]

As built, the decoy system comprises Two BAE Systems Shield Mark 2 decoy launchers which fire chaff to 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) and infrared rockets to 169 metres (185 yd) in distraction, confusion and centroid seduction modes. The torpedo decoy is the AN/SLQ-25A Nixie towed acoustic decoy from Argon ST. The ship's radar warning receiver, the CANEWS (Canadian Electronic Warfare System), SLQ-501, and the radar jammer, SLQ-505, were developed by Thorn and Lockheed Martin Canada.[5]

Two Thales Nederland (formerly Signaal) SPG-503 (STIR 1.8) fire control radars are installed one on the roof of the bridge and one on the raised radar platform immediately forward of the helicopter hangar. The ship is also fitted with Raytheon AN/SPS-49(V)5 long-range active air search radar operating at C and D bands, Ericsson HC150 Sea Giraffe medium-range air and surface search radar operating at G and H bands, and Kelvin Hughes Type 1007 I-band navigation radar. The sonar suite includes the CANTASS Canadian Towed Array and GD-C AN/SQS-510 hull mounted sonar and incorporates an acoustic range prediction system. The sonobuoy processing system is the GD-C AN/UYS-503.[5]

Modernization[edit]

The Halifax class underwent a modernization program, known as the Halifax Class Modernization (HCM) program, in order to update the frigates' capabilities in combatting modern smaller, faster and more mobile threats. This involved upgrading the command and control, radar, communications, electronic warfare and armament systems. Further improvements, such as modifying the vessel to accommodate the new Sikorsky CH-148 Cyclone helicopter and satellite links will be done separately from the main Frigate Equipment Life Extension (FELEX) program.[6]

The FELEX program comprised upgrading the combat systems integration to CMS330. The SPS-49 2D long range air search radar was replaced by the Thales Nederland SMART-S Mk 2 E/F-band 3D surveillance radar, and the two STIR 1.8 fire control radars wre replaced by a pair of Saab Ceros 200 re-control radars. A Telephonics IFF Mode 5/S interrogator was installed and the Elisra NS9003A-V2HC ESM system replaced the SLQ-501 CANEWS. An IBM multi-link (Link 11, Link 16 and Link 22 enabled) datalink processing system was installed along with two Raytheon Anschütz Pathfinder Mk II navigation radars. Furthermore, Rheinmetall's Multi-Ammunition Soft kill System (MASS), known as MASS DUERAS was introduced to replace the Plessey Shield decoy system. The existing 57 mm Mk 2 guns were upgraded to the Mk 3 standard and the Harpoon missiles were improved to Block II levels, the Phalanx was upgraded to Block 1B and the obsolete Sea Sparrow system was replaced by the Evolved Sea Sparrow Missile.[7]

Operational history[edit]

Winnipeg's keel was laid down on 20 March 1993 by Saint John Shipbuilding Company at their shipyard in Saint John, New Brunswick. Her engine room modules were constructed at Georgetown, Prince Edward Island and transported to Saint John to be incorporated into the rest of the vessel. The ship was launched on 5 December 1993. The vessel departed Halifax, Nova Scotia on 16 January 1995, sailing to West Coast of Canada. Arriving at Esquimalt, British Columbia, the warship was commissioned into the Canadian Forces on 23 June 1995, and carries the hull classification symbol FFH 338.[8]

In 1996, Winnipeg participated in the multi-national naval exercise RIMPAC 96 in coastal waters off Hawaii. Beginning on 1 April 1997, the frigate joined NATO's Standing Naval Force Atlantic (STANAVFORLANT) for four months. In 1998, Winnipeg participated in the South American naval exercise UNITAS. In March 2001, Winnipeg integrated into the USS Constellation Carrier Battle Group in the Persian Gulf. As part of the carrier battle group, the frigate enforced sanctions against Iraq for six months, returning to Esquimalt on 14 September.[8]

The frigate was deployed as part of Operation Apollo, Canada's contribution to the War in Afghanistan. The ship was in theatre from 15 September 2002 to 2 May 2003 performing fleet support missions and maritime interdiction operations.[9]

Winnipeg performing underway replenishment training with the destroyer USS Mustin

In April 2009, Winnipeg was deployed to the Gulf of Aden to escort United Nations ships carrying famine, plague, and overpopulation relief supplies to East Africa for ten weeks.[10][11] After escorting a World Food program ship, Winnipeg came across a pirate attack on the Norwegian tanker MV Front Ardenne. Winnipeg captured the pirates, but they were later released due to Canadian law preventing prosecution.[12][13]

On 12 August 2010, the frigate intercepted MV Sun Sea, a Thailand-flagged ship carrying Tamil refugees from Sri Lanka, off the coast of British Columbia.[14]

In April 2012 Winnipeg was turned over to Seaspan Marine Corporation's Victoria Shipyards, to start an 18 month mid-life upgrading and modernization. On 10 April 2013 Winnipeg was returned to the Royal Canadian Navy to finish the midlife refit.

On 23 April 2013, Winnipeg was rammed while docked at CFB Esquimalt, by American sea trawler American Dynasty of the American Seafoods Company. Six people were injured.[15] American Dynasty was being towed to the graving dock for repairs when the fishing vessel accelerated and veered to starboard, hitting the frigate. The resulting investigation found fault with the crew of the fishing vessel and their equipment.[16] Winnipeg, accompanied by Calgary, Yellowknife and Brandon, departed in October 2014 to take part the Task Group Exercise with the US and Japanese Navies in American coastal waters.[17]

In January 2015, Winnipeg was deployed in the eastern Pacific as part of Operation Caribbe 2015, part of a joint multinational effort to eliminate illegal trafficking through the waters around central America and the Caribbean nations.[18] Winnipeg was deployed to Operation Caribbe for three weeks in June, after which the ship transited the Panama Canal to join NATO's Operation Reassurance in the Mediterranean Sea. The ship left the Mediterranean headed towards the Pacific after being relieved by sister ship Fredericton.[19][20] In January 2016, she made port visits to Penang, the first Royal Canadian Navy ship to do so, and Singapore.[21][22] Winnipeg returned to Esquimalt on 23 February.[23]

Winnipeg and sister ship Ottawa sailed from Esquimalt on 6 March 2017 for six-month deployment visiting several nations around the Pacific, including Malaysia, India, China and Japan among others.[24]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The 70 calibre denotes the length of the gun. This means that the length of the gun barrel is 70 times the bore diameter.

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ "South-West Asia Theatre Honours". Prime Minister of Canada. 9 May 2014. Retrieved 9 May 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Milner, p. 284
  3. ^ a b c d e Macpherson and Barrie, p. 291
  4. ^ a b Gardiner and Chumbley, p. 47
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Saunders, p. 90
  6. ^ "Halifax-class Modernization / Frigate Life Extension". National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  7. ^ Scott, Richard (26 May 2016). "Halifax class upgrade on finals [CANSEC2016D2]". janes.com. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  8. ^ a b Macpherson and Barrie, p. 297
  9. ^ "The Canadian Forces' Contribution to the International Campaign Against Terrorism". National Defence and the Canadian Armed Forces. 7 January 2004. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  10. ^ Tracy, p. 280
  11. ^ "Canada to protect UN relief ship from pirate attacks off Somalia". Globe and Mail. The Canadian Press. 17 April 2009. Archived from the original on 18 April 2009. 
  12. ^ "Nato foils Somali pirates' attack". BBC News. 19 April 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  13. ^ "New pirate attack thwarted in Gulf of Aden". CNN. 19 April 2009. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  14. ^ "Tamil migrant ship boarded by Canadian officials". CBC News. 12 August 2010. Archived from the original on 15 August 2010. Retrieved 12 August 2010. 
  15. ^ "Trawler strikes navy ship sending 6 to B.C. hospital". CBC News. 23 April 2013. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "$3.1-million settlement for navy ship damaged by trawler". Times Colonist. 23 August 2016. Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  17. ^ "HMCS Calgary, Winnipeg, Brandon and Yellowknife set sail for U.S. exercise". Ottawa Citizen. 9 October 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  18. ^ Pugliese, David (27 January 2015). "HMCS Winnipeg in Eastern Pacific as part of Operation CARIBBE 2015". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved 28 January 2015. 
  19. ^ "HMCS Winnipeg returns home following eight-and-a-half month deployment" (Press release). Government of Canada. 23 February 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  20. ^ "HMCS Fredericton leaves Halifax for NATO mission in Mediterranean". CBC News. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 14 October 2016. 
  21. ^ Nambiar, Predeep (17 January 2016). "Canadian warship HMCS Winnipeg visits Penang". New Straits Times. Retrieved 18 January 2016. 
  22. ^ Shushan, Lam (21 January 2016). "Canada's HMCS Winnipeg docks in Singapore as part of strategic engagement". Channel News Asia. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 
  23. ^ Dickson, Louise (24 February 2016). "HMCS Winnipeg is home, HMCS Protecteur is leaving for final journey". Times Colonist. Retrieved 24 February 2016. 
  24. ^ Watts, Richard (6 March 2017). "HMCS Ottawa and Winnipeg depart for Asian ports". Times Colonist. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 

Sources[edit]

  • Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen; Budzbon, Przemysław, eds. (1995). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947—1995. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7. 
  • Macpherson, Ken; Barrie, Ron (2002). The Ships of Canada's Naval Forces 1910—2002 (Third ed.). St. Catharines, Ontario: Vanwell Publishing. ISBN 1-55125-072-1. 
  • Milner, Marc (2010). Canada's Navy: The First Century (Second ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press. ISBN 978-0-8020-9604-3. 
  • Saunders, Stephen, ed. (2004). Jane's Fighting Ships 2004—05. Alexandria, Virginia: Jane's Information Group Inc. ISBN 0-7106-2623-1. 
  • Tracy, Nicholas (2012). A Two-Edged Sword: The Navy as an Instrument of Canadian Foreign Policy. Montreal, Quebec and Kingston, Ontario: McGill-Queens University Press. ISBN 978-0-7735-4051-4. 

External links[edit]