HMIS Orissa (J200)

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HMIS Orissa FL17121.jpg
History
India
Name: Orissa
Ordered: 24 August 1940
Builder: Lobnitz & Co.
Laid down: 15 May 1941
Launched: 20 November 1941
Commissioned: 14 March 1942
Decommissioned: 1949
Fate: Scrapped
General characteristics
Class and type: Bangor-class minesweeper
Displacement:
  • 673 long tons (684 t) standard
  • 860 long tons (874 t) full
Length: 189 ft (58 m) o/a
Beam: 28 ft 6 in (8.69 m)
Draught: 10 ft 6 in (3.20 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
Speed: 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph)
Range: 2,800 nmi (5,200 km; 3,200 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Complement: 60
Armament:

HMIS Orissa (J200) was a Bangor-class minesweepers built for the Royal Navy, but transferred to the Royal Indian Navy (RIN) during the Second World War.

Design and description[edit]

The Bangor class was designed as a small minesweeper that could be easily built in large numbers by civilian shipyards; as steam turbines were difficult to manufacture, the ships were designed to accept a wide variety of engines. Orissa displaced 673 long tons (684 t) at standard load and 860 long tons (870 t) at deep load. The ship had an overall length of 189 feet (57.6 m), a beam of 28 feet 6 inches (8.7 m) and a draught of 10 feet 6 inches (3.2 m).[1] The ship's complement consisted of 60 officers and ratings.[2]

She was powered by two vertical triple-expansion steam engines (VTE), each driving one shaft, using steam provided by two Admiralty three-drum boilers. The engines produced a total of 2,400 shaft horsepower (1,800 kW) and gave a maximum speed of 16 knots (30 km/h; 18 mph). The ship carried a maximum of 160 long tons (163 t) of fuel oil that gave her a range of 2,800 nautical miles (5,200 km; 3,200 mi) at 10 knots (19 km/h; 12 mph).[3]

The VTE-powered Bangors were armed with a 3-inch (76 mm) anti-aircraft gun and a single QF 2-pounder (4 cm) AA gun or a quadruple mount for the Vickers .50 machine gun. In some ships the 2-pounder was replaced a single or twin 20 mm Oerlikon AA gun, while most ships were fitted with four additional single Oerlikon mounts over the course of the war.[3] For escort work, their minesweeping gear could be exchanged for around 40 depth charges.[2]

Construction and career[edit]

HMIS Orissa was ordered from Lobnitz & Co. originally for the Royal Navy as HMS Clydebank in 1940. However, before she was launched, she was transferred to the Royal Indian Navy and eventually commissioned as Orissa.[4] The ship was a part of the Eastern Fleet, and escorted numerous convoys between Africa, British India and Australia in 1943-45.[5][6][7]

On 11 June 1942, Orissa rescued 20 surviving crew of British tanker Geo H. Jones which had been torpedoed and sunk by German submarine U-455, northeast of the Azores in position 45°40′N 22°40′W / 45.667°N 22.667°W / 45.667; -22.667Coordinates: 45°40′N 22°40′W / 45.667°N 22.667°W / 45.667; -22.667. On 22 February 1944, Orissa with HMAS Tamworth rescued the surviving crew of the American tanker E.G. Seubert which was torpedoed and sunk by U-510 about 200 nautical miles east of Aden in position 13°50′N 48°49′E / 13.833°N 48.817°E / 13.833; 48.817.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lenton, pp. 253–54
  2. ^ a b Chesneau, p. 64
  3. ^ a b Lenton, p. 254
  4. ^ "HMS Clydebank (J 200) of the Royal Navy - British Minesweeper of the Bangor class - Allied Warships of WWII". uboat.net. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  5. ^ "Eastern Fleet War Diary 1943". Naval-history.net. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Eastern Fleet War Diary 1943". Naval-history.net. Retrieved 25 August 2015.
  7. ^ "East Indies Fleet War Diary 1944". Naval-history.net. 30 December 1944. Retrieved 25 August 2015.

Bibliography[edit]