HMS Abyssinia (1870)

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Not to be confused with SS Abyssinia.
HMS Abyssinia (1870) Photo.jpg
Abyssinia circa. 1895
History
Bombay Marine
Name: HMS Abyssinia
Builder: J & W Dudgeon, Cubitt Town, London
Cost: £116,549[1]
Laid down: 23 July 1868
Launched: 19 February 1870
Completed: October 1870
Fate: Broken up, 1903
General characteristics
Class and type: Modified Cerberus-class monitor
Displacement: 2,301 tons
Tons burthen: 1854 bm[1]
Length: 225 ft (69 m) pp
Beam: 42 ft (13 m)
Draught: 14 ft 7 in (4.45 m)
Installed power: 1,200 ihp (890 kW)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × 2-cylinder diagonal single-expansion steam engines by Dudgeon
  • 2 screws
Speed: 9.59 knots (18 km/h)
Complement: 100
Armament:
Armour:
  • Belt 7 inches (18 cm) amidships, 6 inches (15 cm) fore and aft
  • Breastwork 7–8 inches (18–20 cm) inches
  • Turrets 10 inches (25 cm) faces, 8 inches (20 cm) sides
  • Deck 1.5 inches (3.8 cm)
  • Breastwork deck 1 inch (2.5 cm)

HMS Abyssinia was a breastwork monitor ordered, designed and built by J & W Dudgeon specifically for the Bombay Marine for the defence of the harbour at Bombay.

She was designed by Sir Edward Reed, and was a smaller version of, and hence a half-sister to, the Cerberus-class monitors Cerberus and Magdala. It was intended that Abyssinia and Magdala would serve in mutual support on the same station. Given that the stipulated naval requirement was for two ships for the coastal defence of the Bombay area, the India Office were pressed by the Board of Admiralty and the Chief Constructor to order two ships of the Cerberus class. After the placing of the order for Magdala, budgetary limitations meant that a smaller, cheaper vessel had to be acquired.

Abyssinia, while being similar in layout to Magdala, was smaller and cost £20,000 less. She had slightly less freeboard, a shorter breastwork, could carry less coal and had about one knot less speed.

The ferry trip out to her base in Bombay was made under her own power, without the use of any sail whatsoever. Unlike her half-sisters, the hull was not built up for the trip, which she made in a faster time than they did.

Service history[edit]

Abyssinia remained at anchor in Bombay harbour, other than for occasional brief trips for firing practice, for the whole of her service career. When the Indian Harbour Defence Service was discontinued in 1903, she was sold locally and broken up.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Winfield 2004, p. 263

Additional reading[edit]

External links[edit]