HMS Acheron (1911)
|Builder:||John I. Thornycroft & Company, Woolston|
|Launched:||27 June 1911|
|Fate:||Sold 9 May 1921|
|Class and type:||Acheron-class destroyer|
|Length:||77 m (253 ft)|
|Beam:||8 m (26 ft)|
|Draught:||2.7 m (8.9 ft)|
|Installed power:||15,500 shp (11,600 kW)|
|Propulsion:||3 × Parsons steam turbines
3 × Yarrow-type oil-fired boilers
|Speed:||29 kn (54 km/h)|
|Range:||5,500 nmi at 15 kt|
|Armament:||2 × BL 4-inch (101.6 mm) L/40 Mark VIII guns, mounting P Mark V
2 × QF 12-pounder 12 cwt naval gun, mounting P Mark I
HMS Acheron was the name ship of the Acheron-class destroyer of the British Royal Navy. She is named after the River Acheron, believed in Greek Mythology to be a branch of the River Styx. She was the fifth ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name.
|H00||6 December 1914||1 January 1918|
|H02||1 January 1918||Early 1919|
|H05||Early 1919||9 May 1921|
With her sister, Ariel, she was a "Thornycroft special", and as such was slightly longer and more powerful than the standard destroyer of her class. Acheron was ordered during the building programme of 1910–11, laid down at the Woolston yard of John I. Thornycroft & Company, and launched on 27 June 1911. Capable of 29 knots (54 km/h), she carried two 4-inch (102 mm) guns, other smaller guns and 21-inch (530 mm) torpedo tubes and had a complement of 70 men.
Serving with the First Destroyer Flotilla, she became part of the Grand Fleet at the outbreak of war.
The Battle of Heligoland Bight
The Battle of Dogger Bank
Sinking of U-12
On 10 March 1915, in company with her sisters Attack and Ariel, Acheron was searching for a German submarine reported by the trawler Man Island near Aberdeen. At 10:10am Attack sighted U-12 and opened fire. Ariel sighted the submarine at 10:12am at about 2 nautical miles (3.7 km) and all three destroyers turned towards it. U-12 dived and raised her periscope, which Ariel sighted at a distance of 200 yards (180 m). She turned to ram, sighting the conning tower under the water in the final moments before she struck the submarine at a fine angle. Within two minutes the submarine had returned to the surface so that the crew could escape, but they found the conning tower hatch jammed, and most of the survivors managed their escape via the other hatches. Acheron and the other destroyers opened fire as the submarine lay on the surface, killing and injuring some of the escaping sailors. At 10:30am U-12 sank approximately in position , and the destroyers picked up 10 survivors; 19 lives had been lost. The damage to Ariel 's bows was so serious that she had to be towed into port.
The Battle of Jutland
From 1917 the Third Battle Squadron was deployed to the Mediterranean. Acheron was present at the entry of the Allied fleet through the Dardanelles on 12 November 1918.
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- "I-class destroyers (extract from Jane's Fighting Ships of 1919)". Retrieved 2008-10-19.
- "Battle of Heligoland Bight - Order of Battle (World War 1 Naval Combat website)". Retrieved 2009-03-08.
- "Battle of Dogger Bank - Order of Battle (World War 1 Naval Combat website)". Retrieved 2009-03-08.
- Verschollen: World War I U-boat Losses, by Dwight R Messimer, Naval Institute Press, 2002, ISBN 978-1-55750-475-3, p.27
- "After 90 years, sea gives up secret of sunken sub". The Scotsman. 2008-01-15. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- "Divers discover U-boat wreckage". The BBC. 2008-01-14. Retrieved 2008-10-18.
- "Battle of Jutland - Order of Battle (World War 1 Naval Combat website)". Retrieved 2009-03-08.
- S E Brooks. "The Entry of the Allied Fleet through the Dardanelles". Oxford University. Retrieved 2009-11-11.
- "Battleships-Cruisers.co.uk website - Acheron Class". Retrieved 2008-07-01.