HMS Albion (1802)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Albion.
History
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Albion
Ordered: 24 June 1800
Builder: Perry, Wells & Green, Blackwall Yard
Laid down: June 1800
Launched: 17 June 1802
Honours and
awards:
Fate: Broken up, 1836
General characteristics [2]
Class and type: Fame-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1740 3294 bm
Length: 175 ft (53 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 47 ft 6 in (14.48 m)
Depth of hold: 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:
  • Lower deck: 28 × 32-pounder guns
  • Upper deck: 28 × 18-pounder guns
  • QD: 2 × 18-pounder guns + 12 × 32-pounder carronades
  • Fc: 2 × 18-pounder guns + 2 × 32-pounder carronades
  • Roundhouse: 6 × 18-pounder carronades

HMS Albion was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. She was launched at Perry's Blackwall Yard on the Thames on 17 June 1802. She was broken up at Chatham Dockyard in 1836.[2]

Napoleonic Wars[edit]

In May 1803 she was under the command of Captain John Ferrier and joined Admiral Cornwallis' fleet, which was blockading the vital French naval port of Brest. Albion was among the vessels of the squadron that shared in the proceeds of the capture of:[3]

Juffrow Bregtie Kaas (30 May 1803);
Eendraght (31 May);
Morgen Stern (1 June);
Goede ferwachting (4 June);
De Vriede (5 June).

Albion was soon detached from the fleet to deploy to the Indian Ocean where she was to remain for several years.

Albion and Sceptre left Rio de Janeiro on 13 October, escorting Lord Melville, Earl Spencer, Princess Mary, Northampton, Anna, Ann, Glory, and Essex. They were in company with the 74-gun third rate ships of the line HMS Russell, and the fourth rate HMS Grampus. Three days later Albion and Scepter separated from the rest of the ships.[4]

On 21 December 1803, Albion and Sceptre captured the French privateer Clarisse at 1°18′S 95°20′E / 1.300°S 95.333°E / -1.300; 95.333 in the eastern Indian Ocean. Clarisse was armed with 12 guns and had a crew of 157 men. She had sailed from Isle de France (Mauritius) on 24 November with provisions for a six-month cruise to the Bay of Bengal. At the time of her capture she had not captured anything.[5] Albion, Sceptre, and Clarisse arrived at Madras on 8 January 1804.[4]

On 28 February 1804, Albion and Sceptre met up in the straits of Malacca with the fleet of Indiamen that had just emerged from the Battle of Pulo Aura and conducted them safely to Saint Helena. From there HMS Plantagenet escorted the convoy to England.[6]

On 28 August 1808, Albion recaptured Swallow, which was carrying among other things, a quantity of gold dust.[7]

In 1809 Albion escorted to a fleet of nine East Indiamen returning to Britain. They left Madras on 25 October, but a gale that commenced around 20 November at 10°S 90°E / 10°S 90°E / -10; 90 by 22 November had dispersed the fleet. By 21 February three of the Indiamen —Lord Nelson, Glory, and Experiment— had not arrived at Cape Town.[8] Apparently all three had foundered without a trace.

Caroline, of Riga, arrived at Yarmouth on 17 August 1810 having been detained by Albion.[9]

War of 1812[edit]

In 1814, the year that Napoleon was finally toppled, and after a long period under extensive repair, she became flagship of Rear Admiral George Cockburn, taking part in a war (War of 1812) against the United States — a duty that the first Albion had once undertaken. In the summer of 1814, she was involved in the force that harried the coastline of Chesapeake Bay, where she operated all the way up to the Potomac and Patuxent Rivers, destroying large amounts of American shipping, as well as US government property. The operations ended once peace was declared in 1815.

Post-war[edit]

Just a year later, Albion was part of a combined British-Dutch fleet taking part in the bombardment of Algiers. In 1827, she was part of a combined British-French-Russian fleet under the command of Admiral Codrington at the Battle of Navarino, where a Turkish-Egyptian fleet was obliterated, securing Greek independence. In 1847 the Admiralty awarded the Naval General Service Medal with the clasps "Algiers", and "Navarino" to all surviving claimants from the battles.

Fate[edit]

Albion was hulked as a quarantine ship in 1831, and finally broken up in 1836.

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b "no. 20939". The London Gazette. 26 January 1849. p. 245. 
  2. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 185.
  3. ^ "no. 16572". The London Gazette. 4 February 1812. p. 257. 
  4. ^ a b Lloyd's List, n°4463.[1] Accessed 13 August 2016.
  5. ^ "no. 15713". The London Gazette. 23 June 1804. p. 778. 
  6. ^ Lloyd's List, n°4478.[2] Accessed 13 August 2016.
  7. ^ "no. 16409". The London Gazette. 9 September 1810. p. 1544. 
  8. ^ Lloyd's List, n°4348[3] Accessed 13 August 2016.
  9. ^ Lloyd's List, n°4486[4] Accessed 13 August 2016.

Bibliography

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.