HMS Albion (1842)

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HMS Albion Le Breton X2045.jpg
Her Majesty's Ship Albion entering the Bosphorus, partially dismasted after the Action of 17 October 1854.
History
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Albion
Ordered: 21 June 1839
Builder: Plymouth Dockyard
Laid down: 13 August 1839
Launched: 6 September 1842
Fate: Broken up, 1884
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Albion-class ship of the line
Displacement: 4000 tons (4064.2 tonnes)
Tons burthen: 3111 tons bm
Length: 204 ft (62 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 60 ft 2.5 in (18.352 m)
Depth of hold: 23 ft 8 in (7.21 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 800 officers and men
Armament:
  • 90 guns:
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounders, 4 × 68-pounder carronades
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 32-pounders, 6 × 8 in (203.2 mm)
  • Quarterdeck: 16 × 32-pounders, 2 × 8 in (203.2 mm)
  • Forecastle: 8 × 32-pounders

HMS Albion was a 90-gun second rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. Ordered in 1839, she was built at Plymouth and launched on 6 September 1842, and entered service in 1843. Albion was designed by Sir William Symonds,[1] was the only ship of her class to ever serve as a sailing ship, and the last British two-decker to complete and enter service without a steam engine. She was the name ship of a class of three second rates—the others being Aboukir and Exmouth.

Her first military action was in the Crimean War during the siege of Sevastopol on 17 October 1854. While Albion's commanding officer, Captain Stephen Lushington, was commanding a Naval Brigade providing vital heavy artillery support for the Allied forces besieging Sevastopol, Albion under the command of Commander Henry Rogers joined over 50 British and French warships of various types into action. The Russians suffered heavy casualties but the Allies had failed to seriously damaged the batteries, though the Anglo-French fleet had received comparatively light casualties, with about 500 killed or wounded in total. However, the Allies had taken a beating from the Russian batteries, and Albion had been set on fire three times during the engagement. Without the assistance of the courageous tugs, she would surely have succumbed to her damage and run aground.

From 1860 until 1861 she was converted to steam screw propulsion at Devonport, but the modifications were never finished. She was kept in reserve in Devonport for more than twenty years, before the decision was made to scrap her, and she was finally broken up at Devonport in 1884.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 191.

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.