HMS Albion (1842)

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HMS Albion Le Breton X2045.jpg
Her Majesty's Ship Albion entering the Bosphorus, partially dismasted after the Action of 17 October 1854.
History
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Albion
Ordered: 21 June 1839
Builder: Plymouth Dockyard
Laid down: 13 August 1839
Launched: 6 September 1842
Fate: Broken up, 1884
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Albion-class ship of the line
Displacement: 4000 tons (4064.2 tonnes)
Tons burthen: 3111 tons bm
Length: 204 ft (62 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 60 ft 2.5 in (18.352 m)
Depth of hold: 23 ft 8 in (7.21 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 800 officers and men
Armament:
  • 90 guns:
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounders, 4 × 68-pounder carronades
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 32-pounders, 6 × 8 in (203.2 mm)
  • Quarterdeck: 16 × 32-pounders, 2 × 8 in (203.2 mm)
  • Forecastle: 8 × 32-pounders

HMS Albion was a 90-gun second rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. Ordered in 1839, she was built at Devonport and launched on 6 September 1842, and entered service in 1843. Albion was designed by Sir William Symonds,[1] was the only ship of her class to ever serve as a sailing ship, and the last British two-decker to complete and enter service without a steam engine. She was the name ship of a class of three second rates—the others being Aboukir and Exmouth.

Albion was deployed to the Black Sea during the Crimean War. Her crew suffered many casualties from Cholera in August 1854.[2] She took part in the siege of Sevastopol, with her commanding officer, Captain Stephen Lushington taking charge of a Naval Brigade providing vital heavy artillery support for the Allied forces besieging Sevastopol.[3] On 17 October 1854, Albion, under the command of Commander Henry Rogers joined over 50 British and French warships of various types in an initial seaborne bombardment of Sevastapol. The Russians suffered heavy casualties (at least 1100 men) but the Allies had failed to seriously damage the batteries. The Anglo-French fleet had received comparatively light casualties, with about 500 killed or wounded in total. However, the Allies had taken a beating from the Russian batteries, and Albion had been set on fire three times during the engagement, with 11 killed and 71 injured. Without the assistance of tugs , it is probable that Albion would have run aground.[4] On 17 August 1855 Albion took part in the fifth bombardment of Sevastopol.[5]

From 1860 until 1861 she was converted to steam screw propulsion at Devonport, but the modifications were never finished. She was kept in reserve in Devonport for more than twenty years, before the decision was made to scrap her, and she was finally broken up at Devonport in 1884.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 191.
  2. ^ Clowes 1901, p. 408–409.
  3. ^ Clowes 1901, p.453.
  4. ^ Clowes 1901, pp. 440–445.
  5. ^ Clowes 1901, p. 466.

References[edit]

  • Clowes, William Laird (1901). The Royal Navy: A History from the Earliest Times to the Present. VI. London: Sampson Low, Marston and Company.
  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.