HMS Antelope (F170)
Antelope at San Carlos Water
|Laid down:||23 March 1971|
|Launched:||16 March 1972|
|Commissioned:||19 July 1975|
|Motto:||"Audax et vigilans"|
|Sunk:||24 May 1982|
|Reason:||Detonation of unexploded Argentine shell during attempted diffusion|
|Class and type:||Type 21 frigate|
|Displacement:||3,250 tons full load|
|Length:||384 feet (117 metres)|
|Beam:||41 3⁄4 feet (12.7 metres)|
|Draught:||19 1⁄2 feet (5.9 metres)|
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)|
HMS Antelope was a Type 21 frigate of the Royal Navy that participated in the Falklands War and was sunk by Argentine aircraft. Her keel was laid down 23 March 1971 by Vosper Thornycroft in Woolston, Southampton, England.
Initial budget costs for this class were £3.5 million, with final costs exceeding £14 million. She was commissioned on 17 July 1975, and was the only unit of the class never to be fitted with Exocet launchers.
Antelope took part in the Falklands War, arriving in the area of operations on 21 May 1982. Two days later, while on air defence duty at the entrance to San Carlos Water, protecting the beachhead established two days before, she came under attack by four Argentine A-4B Skyhawks of Grupo 5. The first pair attacked from astern, with the flight leader breaking off his attack after one of Antelope's Sea Cat missiles exploded under the port wing of his aircraft.
The pilot, Captain Pablo Carballo, managed to nurse his aircraft back to Rio Gallegos. The second aircraft on this flight pressed home his bomb run and put a 1,000-pound bomb in Antelope's starboard side, killing one crewman, Steward Mark R. Stephens. The bomb did not explode and the Argentine aircraft was damaged by small arms fire. The second pair of Skyhawks attacked minutes later from the starboard quarter. During this attack, one of the Argentine jets, piloted by First Lieutenant Luciano Guadagnini, was hit by the ship's Oerlikon 20 mm cannon before hitting Antelope's main mast, but some sources says that the A-4 striker was the one flown by ten. Philippi, who returned safely.
Guadagnini was not so lucky, but shot down and killed by anti-aircraft weapons, while his bomb pierced the frigate's hull, also without exploding.[better source needed] Antelope also fired a Sea Cat at what was believed to be a fifth attacker, but this was Capitán Carballo, who was still trying to establish if his aircraft was fit to fly. This missile missed, but passed less than 10 metres (33 ft) from Carballo's cockpit.
After initial damage control efforts, Antelope proceeded to more sheltered waters so that two bomb disposal technicians from the Royal Engineers could come aboard and attempt to defuse the two unexploded bombs. One of the bombs was inaccessible because of wreckage; the other had been damaged and was thought to be in a particularly dangerous condition. Three attempts by the bomb disposal team to withdraw the fuse of this bomb by remote means failed.
A fourth attempt using a small explosive charge detonated the bomb, killing Staff Sergeant James Prescott instantly and severely injuring Warrant Officer Phillips, the other member of the bomb disposal team.
The ship was torn open from waterline to funnel, with the blast starting major fires in both engine rooms, which spread very quickly. The starboard fire main was fractured, the ship lost all electrical power, and the commanding officer, Commander Nick Tobin, gave the order to abandon ship. Tobin was the last person to leave the ship; about five minutes after his departure, the missile magazines began exploding.
Explosions continued throughout the night. The following day Antelope was still afloat, but her keel had broken and her superstructure melted into a heap of twisted metal. Antelope broke in half and sank that day. TV and still pictures of Antelope's demise became one of the iconic images of the Falklands War and appear repeatedly in histories of the event.
Corporal Alan White received a commendation from the Task Force Commander, Admiral Sir John Fieldhouse, for his part in rescuing 41 crew from Antelope using a Mark 2 LCVP, one of four carried by the assault ship Fearless. The landing craft, Foxtrot 7, is now located in the Royal Marines Museum in Portsmouth, with detailed accounts from Corporal Alan White of the missions he took part in, including the landings at San Carlos.
- Official Souvenir Programme, 1977. Silver Jubilee Fleet Review, HMSO
- War of Falklands special issue, Delta Editions, Parma, 2002, ISSN 0390-1173, p. 40
- Primer Teniente Guadagnini
- "BOMB EXPLODES ON HMS ANTELOPE Part 1 Falklands War | StoryVault". www.storyvault.com. Retrieved 12 September 2016.
- Phillips, John. "BOMB EXPLODES ON HMS ANTELOPE Part 2 Falklands War". Story Vault.
- Aulich, James (1992). Framing the Falklands War: nationhood, culture, and identity. Open University Press, p. 150. ISBN 0-335-09684-0
- Memorials and Monuments in the Royal Marines Museum, Portsmouth (Landing Craft) Archived 19 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Protection of Wrecks Ordnance 1977 (No. 12) 7 July 1977 (Falkland Islands)
- Protection of Wrecks (Ardent and Antelope Designation) Order 1983 (No. 2) 20 October 1983 (Falkland Islands)
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- The Official Board of Inquiry into the loss of HMS Antelope
- Video Interview with Warrant Officer John Phillips about events on HMS Antelope