HMS Basilisk (1848)

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HMS Basilisk (1848).jpg
Basilisk (left) and the merchantman Queen Anne (right)
History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: HMS Basilisk
Ordered: 26 March 1846
Builder: Woolwich Dockyard
Cost: £54,745[1][Note 1]
Laid down: November 1846
Launched: 22 August 1848
Commissioned: July 1852
Fate: Broken up at Chatham in 1882
General characteristics [1]
Type: First-class paddle sloop
Displacement: 1,710 tons
Tons burthen:
  • Designed: 1,00124/94 bm
  • As built: 1,031 bm[Note 2]
Length:
  • 190 ft 0 in (57.9 m) (gundeck)
  • 166 ft 1 in (50.6 m) (keel)
Beam: 34 ft 0 in (10.4 m)
Depth of hold: 21 ft 6 in (6.6 m)
Installed power:
Propulsion:
  • 2-cylinder oscillating steam engine
  • Paddle wheels
Sail plan: Barque
Complement: 145
Armament:
  • 1 × 68-pounder (95 cwt) pivot gun
  • 1 × 10-inch (84 cwt) gun
  • 4 × 32-pounder (42 cwt) guns

HMS Basilisk was a first-class paddle sloop of the Royal Navy, built at the Woolwich Dockyard and launched on 22 August 1848.[2]

Design and construction[edit]

Basilisk was designed by Oliver Lang to the same lines as the screw sloop Niger and ordered on 23 March 1846 from Woolwich Dockyard. She was laid down in November of the same year and launched on 22 August 1848.[1]

Propulsion[edit]

She was fitted with paddlewheels driven by a Miller, Ravenhill & Salkeld two-cylinder oscillating steam engine rated at 400 nominal horsepower and developing 1,033 indicated horsepower (770 kW).[1]

Armament[edit]

Basilisk was fitted with a single 68-pounder (95 cwt) smoothbore muzzle-loading gun on a pivot mount, a single 10-inch (84 cwt) shell gun and four 32-pounder (42 cwt) smoothbore muzzle-loading guns on truck mountings.[1]

Propulsion trials[edit]

Basilisk, paddle sloop, towing stern-to-stern with Niger, screw sloop

She participated in 1849 in trials in the English Channel with the screw sloop Niger. Basilisk had started life as her sister ship when both were designed as sailing sloops, but while Niger received screw propulsion, Basilisk was fitted with paddles.[2] Although previous trials, including a similar comparison between Rattler and Alecto in 1845, had shown that screw propulsion was broadly superior, the 1849 trials pitted two near-identical ships against each other. Since both ships had the same lines and steam engines developing almost identical power, the results confirmed the superiority of screw propulsion over the paddle-wheel once and for all.[2][3] On 7 April 1853, Basilisk ran aground off Southsea, Hampshire due to a flag being hoisted showing it was safe to enter Portsmouth Naval Base when there was insufficient water to do so. Two or three of her crew were injured. She was later refloated and taken in to Portsmouth.[4]

Crimean War service[edit]

After the trials she served in the Baltic Sea during the Crimean War in 1854-1855, participating in the blockade of Courland. She attacked and sank 10 Russian transports carrying grain on 14 June 1855 and sank some salt boats on 13 July. She also participated in the action of 17 July in the Gulf of Riga, with HMS Desperate against Russian gunboats and shore batteries.[2]

Foreign Service[edit]

After the Crimean War, she served on the North America and West Indies Station and afterwards on the China Station and in Japan. In March 1871 she commenced service on the Australia Station. The Basilisk under Captain John Moresby visited the Ellice Islands in July 1872.[5]

She undertook hydrographic surveys around New Guinea with Captain Moresby and made a number of discoveries. She was later used for anti-blackbirding operations in the South Pacific.[2]

She left the Australia Station in 1874 and returned to England.[2]

HMS 'Basilisk', anchored in Threshold Bay, New Guinea, 28 May 1874

Fate[edit]

Basilisk was paid off and broken up at Chatham in 1882.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ A total cost accounting for inflation of approximately £5,399,000 in today's money.
  2. ^ She was built 5 inches greater in the beam than designed.[1]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Winfield (2004), p.161
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Bastock, p.57-58.
  3. ^ Channon, R. A. (2013). HMS Basilisk (’Barnes Miller, Ravenhill and Co.) (PDF). pp. 135–136. Retrieved 26 May 2018.
  4. ^ "Naval Intelligence". The Times (21398). London. 9 April 1853. col A, p. 6.
  5. ^ W.F. Newton (1967). The Early Population of the Ellice Islands. The Journal of the Polynesian Society, 197-204.

References[edit]