HMS Boyne (1810)

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Combat du Romulus mg 5099.jpg
Fight of the Romulus against HMS Boyne and HMS Caledonia, by Vincent Courdouan (1848)
History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: HMS Boyne
Ordered: 25 June 1801
Builder: Portsmouth Dockyard
Laid down: April 1806
Launched: 3 July 1810
Renamed: HMS Excellent, 1834
Fate: Broken up, 1861
General characteristics [1][2]
Class and type: Boyne-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 2155 bm
Length: 186 ft (57 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 51 ft 5 in (15.67 m)
Depth of hold: 22 ft (6.7 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 738 (650 razeed)
Armament:
  • 98 guns:
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs
  • Middle gundeck: 30 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 30 × 18 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 2 × 18 pdrs, 12 × 32 pdr carronades
  • Forecastle: 2 × 18 pdrs, 2 × 32 pdr carronades
  • 76 guns (after being razeed):
  • Gundeck: 26 × 32 pdrs, 2 × 68 pdr carronades
  • Upper gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs, 2 × 68 pdr carronades
  • Quarterdeck: 2 × 18 pdrs, 12 × 32 pdr carronades
  • Forecastle: 2 × 18 pdrs, 2 × 32 pdr carronades

HMS Boyne was a 98-gun second rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 3 July 1810 at Portsmouth.[1] On 12 February 1814 she took part with HMS Caledonia in a hot action against the French line-of-battle ship Romulus off Toulon; the French 74 managed to escape to Toulon by sailing close to the coast to avoid being surrounded. With the 1817 changes to the rating system Boyne was rerated as a 104-gun first rate ship.[2]

On 23 November 1824, Boyne was driven ashore at Portsmouth during a gale.[3] In 1826 she was cut down (razeed) to become a two-deck, 76-gun third-rate ship of the line.[2] On 1 December 1834 she was renamed HMS Excellent and became a training ship. On 22 November 1859 she was renamed HMS Queen Charlotte and paid off the following month before being broken up from December 1861.[1][2]

Boyne at Portsmouth 1826

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 183.
  2. ^ a b c d Winfield, British Warships in the Age of Sail: 1793 - 1817, p. 27.
  3. ^ "The Late Gales". The Times (12508). London. 26 November 1824. col E, A, p. 3, 4.

References[edit]

  • Lambert, Andrew (2012). The Challenge: Britain Against America in the Naval War of 1812. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-27319-X
  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Winfield, Rif (2008): British Warships in the Age of Sail: 1793 - 1817. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84415-717-4.