HMS Bristol (1775)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Bristol.
HMS Bristol-IMG 7853.JPG
Model of the Thomson Collection of Ship Models on display at the Art Gallery of Ontario
History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: Bristol
Namesake: Bristol
Ordered: 12 October 1768
Builder: Sheerness Dockyard
Laid down: May 1771
Launched: 25 October 1775
Commissioned: October 1775
Out of service: 1786
Fate: Scrapped, June 1810
General characteristics
Class and type: Portland-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,049 994 bm
Length: 146 ft (44.5 m) (Gundeck)
Beam: 40 ft 7 in (12.4 m)
Draught: 15 ft 7 in (4.7 m)
Depth of hold: 17 ft 6 in (5.3 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament:
  • 50 guns:
  • Gundeck: 22 × 24-pdr cannon
  • Upper gundeck: 22 × 12-pdr cannon
  • Quarterdeck: 4 × 6-pdr cannon
  • Forecastle: 2 × 6-pdr cannon

HMS Bristol was a 50-gun Portland-class fourth-rate ship of the line, built for the Royal Navy in the 1770s. She served as a flagship during the Battle of Sullivan's Island, Charleston, South Carolina in 1776 during the American Revolutionary War and later participated in the 1783 Battle of Cuddalore during the Anglo-French War of 1778–83. By 1787 the ship had been converted into a church ship. Converted into a prison ship in 1794, Bristol instead served as a hospital ship until she was broken up in 1810.

Description[edit]

Bristol had a length at the gundeck of 146 feet (44.5 m) and 119 feet 9 inches (36.5 m) at the keel. She had a beam of 40 feet 7 inches (12.4 m), a draught of 15 feet 7 inches (4.7 m) at deep load and a depth of hold of 17 feet 6 inches (5.3 m). The ship's tonnage was 1,049 994 tons burthen. Bristol was armed with twenty-two 24-pounder cannon on her main gundeck, twenty-two 12-pounder cannon on her upper gundeck, and four 6-pounder cannon on the quarterdeck and another pair on the forecastle. The ship had a crew of 350 officers and ratings.[1]

Construction and career[edit]

Bristol, named after the eponymous port, was ordered on 12 October 1768 to a design by John Williams. The ship, however, was not laid down until May 1771 at Sheerness Dockyard and was launched on 25 October 1775. Commissioned that same month, she cost £23,440 to built and a further £3,574 to outfit.[2]

During the American War of Independence, she was Commodore Sir Peter Parker's flagship during the attack on Sullivan's Island on 28 June 1776 and was heavily damaged during the battle. Later in the war, she was stationed off Jamaica, and fought at the Battle of Cuddalore. After 1794 she was used as a prison ship (lying in Gillingham Reach, in the County of Kent),[3] and was broken up in June 1810 at Sheerness.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Winfield, pp. 403–04.
  2. ^ Winfield, p. 404
  3. ^ The London Gazette, Numb. 15386. From Tuesday 14 July, to Saturday 18 July 1801. Page 868.
  4. ^ Winfield, p. 405.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1714-1792: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84415-700-6.