HMS Buckingham (1751)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Buckingham.
HMSBuckingham.jpg
Buckingham on the stocks at Deptford
History
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
Name: HMS Buckingham
Ordered: 15 November 1745
Builder: John Hollond, Deptford Dockyard
Laid down: 26 January 1746
Launched: 30 April 1751
Commissioned: May 1755
Renamed: HMS Grampus, 1777
Fate: Sank, Atlantic Ocean, 11 November 1779
General characteristics
Class and type: 1745 Establishment 70-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1435 6294 (bm)
Length:
  • 160 ft 0 in (48.8 m) (gundeck)
  • 131 ft 4 in (40.0 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 45 ft 4 in (13.8 m)
Depth of hold: 19 ft 4 in (5.9 m)
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 520
Armament:
  • 70 guns:
  • Gundeck: 26 × 32 pdrs
  • Upper deck: 28 × 18 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 12 × 9 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 4 × 9 pdrs

HMS Buckingham was a 70-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Deptford Dockyard to the draught specified by the 1745 Establishment, and in active service during the Seven Years' War with France.[1]

In 1771 Buckingham was converted to a storeship at Chatham Dockyard, and was renamed Grampus. Her armament was reduced to 30 guns and her crew to 320 men. Commissioned in this role under Captain George Byron, she sailed for Jamaica on 26 December 1778 to resupply the Royal Navy garrison. In April 1779 her command was transferred to Commander Thomas Bennett, who sailed her to Newfoundland to collect supplies of timber. She was leaking badly on her return voyage to England, and foundered on 11 November 1779 while crossing the North Atlantic Ocean.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Winfield 2007, pp.54-55

Bibliography[edit]

  • Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships of the Age of Sail 1714–1792: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Barnsley, United Kingdom: Seaforth. ISBN 9781844157006.