HMS Cadmus (1903)
Sister ship Clio dressed overall at Tasmania in 1905
|Launched:||29 April 1903|
|Fate:||Sold for scrap, 1 September 1921|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Cadmus-class sloop|
|Displacement:||1,070 long tons (1,087 t)|
|Beam:||33 ft (10.1 m)|
|Draught:||11 ft 3 in (3.4 m)|
|Installed power:||1,400 ihp (1,000 kW)|
|Speed:||13 kn (24 km/h; 15 mph)|
|Range:||3,000 nmi (5,600 km) at 10 kn (19 km/h)|
Cadmus was constructed of copper-sheathed steel to a design by William White, the Royal Navy Director of Naval Construction. Her propulsion was provided by a J. Samuel White three-cylinder vertical triple expansion steam engine developing 1,400 horsepower (1,000 kW) and driving twin screws. She and her sisters were an evolution of the Condor-class sloop, carrying more coal, which in turn gave a greater length and displacement. This class comprised the very last screw sloops built for the Royal Navy, and Espiegle was the last Royal Navy ship built with a figurehead.
As designed and built the class was fitted with a barquentine-rigged sail plan. After HMS Condor was lost in a gale in 1901, the Admiralty abandoned sails entirely. Espiegle was never fitted with sails, and the rest of the class had their yards removed in 1914. The official attitude to sails and the loss of yards did not completely prevent the use of sails, and log entries show that fore-and-aft sails were being used in Odin as late as April 1920.
Cadmus started her career on the Australia Station, where she arrived on 13 July 1904; her maiden voyage to Australia was accomplished in record time for a sloop. She was refitted at Cockatoo Island, Sydney in 1905.
In May 1905, she was ordered to follow Clio to the China Station and served there for the rest of her career. She recommissioned at Hong Kong on 18 October 1912, and remained on the China Station during World War I. In November 1914 she arrived at Direction Island in the Indian Ocean a week after the battle between Emden and Sydney to bury the sailors killed in action. She was in Singapore during the Sepoy Mutiny of February 1915, and her crew was involved in capturing the mutineers. In 1920, she was listed as "unallocated" at Hong Kong.
She was sold at Hong Kong on 1 September 1921.
- "Hansard, 6 March 1905 vol 142 cc402-3, Questions in the House". Retrieved 2008-09-07.
- Winfield (2004), p.279.
- Fifty Years in the Royal Navy, Admiral Sir Percy Scott, Bt., John Murray, London, 1919, p.37
- "Log of HMS Odin Thursday 6 April 1920". Old Weather. Retrieved 2011-06-27.
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36713). London. 12 March 1902. p. 7.
- HMS Cadmus ordered to China The Sydney Morning Herald, 6 May 1905
- Lochner, R. K. (1988). Last Gentleman-Of-War: Raider Exploits of the Cruiser Emden. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press. pp. 201–202. ISBN 0-87021-015-7.
- "HMS Cadmus at Naval Database website". Retrieved 2008-09-07.
- Bastock, John (1988), Ships on the Australia Station, Child & Associates Publishing Pty Ltd; Frenchs Forest, Australia. ISBN 0-86777-348-0
- Winfield, Rif & Lyon, David (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6. OCLC 52620555.
- "Royal Navy Log Books: HMS Cadmus". Retrieved 2013-12-15. Transcription of ship's logbooks October 1913 to July 1920