HMS Calpe (L71)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Calpe.
HMS Calpe IWM FL 7411.jpg
HMS Calpe
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Calpe
Ordered: December 1939
Builder: Swan Hunter (Wallsend)
Laid down: 12 June 1940
Launched: 28 April 1941
Commissioned: 11 December 1941
Identification: pennant number: L43
Fate: Sold to the Royal Danish Navy in 1952 and renamed Rolf Krake. Scrapped in 1966.
Denmark
Name: HDMS Rolf Krake
Acquired: 1952
Commissioned: 1954
Decommissioned: 1962
Identification: pennant number: F342
General characteristics
Class and type: Type II Hunt-class destroyer
Displacement:
  • 1,050 tons standard;
  • 1,490 tons full load
Length: 85.34 m (280.0 ft)
Beam: 9.62 m (31.6 ft)
Draught: 2.51 m (8 ft 3 in)
Propulsion: 2 shaft Parsons geared turbines; 19,000 shp
Speed: 25.5 knots (47.2 km/h; 29.3 mph)
Range: 3,600 nmi (6,670 km) at 14 knots (26 km/h)
Complement: 164
Armament:

HMS Calpe (pennant number L71) was a British Royal Navy Type II Hunt-class destroyer escort. Built as a result of the outbreak of World War II, Calpe escorted convoys during the war and participated in the Dieppe Raid. Calpe is an old name for Gibraltar. Collaborating with USS Wainwright on 13 December 1943, she assisted in the sinking of German U-boat U-593. Calpe was loaned and then sold to the Danish Navy, remaining active until she was scrapped in Sweden in 1966.

History[edit]

Calpe was ordered in December 1939 from Swan Hunter Wallsend as part of the 1939 emergency program. She was not the first ship of this name as HMS Calpe had been a ship in the Royal Navy from 1800 to 1802. The keel was laid the following year and it was launched and completed in 1941. Following her acceptance on 11 December 1941, the ship set sail for Scapa Flow.[1] The ship was adopted in February 1942 by Abingdon-on-Thames in Berkshire as part of a National Savings campaign called Warship Week.[1]

In 1942 she sailed under the Spanish Ensign as she approached St Jean de Luz. To keep up the pretense, all the crew remained below deck. It was not until before the bombardment took place on 4–5 April that the British Ensign replaced the Spanish jack.[2]

On 18 and 19 August 1942 Calpe was involved in the Dieppe Raid. Her primary function was to act as the command ship for the raid and was used by Major-General Roberts (OC, 2nd Canadian Infantry Division) and Captain John Hugues-Hallet RN (Naval Commander for the raid). She acted as a hospital ship and sustained casualties, losing nearly a quarter of the crew. Despite this, Calpe managed to take on and care for 278 casualties.[3]

In October 1942, Calpe was included in the ships that would take part in action in North Africa. She was sent to guard a convoy to her namesake Gibraltar. In November she became part of Operation Torch as she was included in the Central Task Force for allied landings.[1]

Calpe identified the submarine U-593 in the Mediterranean, and together with USS Wainwright, managed to sink the U-boat on 13 December 1943.[4] The U-boat had already sunk two sister Hunt-class destroyers, Tynedale and Holcombe that month.[4] The captain of Wainwright, Commander Strohbehn, noted in his account that "it was a pleasure" to work with the British Warship.[5]

Postwar[edit]

Calpe was active in the Indian Ocean until 1946. She was sent back to Britain in the November and was put in "reserve". She was laid up in Sheerness and moved to Portsmouth in 1947. During 1952 she was placed on loan with the Royal Danish Navy for nine years becoming HDMS Rolf Krake.[6] Then Denmark bought her outright.[1] Rolf Krake remained active until October 1966 when she was scrapped at Ystad in Sweden.[7]

Legacy[edit]

The Government of Gibraltar issued both a 5p and a 22p stamp to celebrate Calpe.[8] The name Calpe was reused in 1965 when the Royal Navy Reserve formed its only HQ reserve unit in Gibraltar.[9]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "HMS Calpe (L 71) - Type II , Hunt-class Escort Destroyer". naval-history.net/. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  2. ^ Fraser, Lt. T.A.S. "Photograph". Imperial War Museum. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "no. 38045". The London Gazette. 14 August 1947. p. 1537. Retrieved 2012-08-08. 
  4. ^ a b "U-593 Interrogation Of Suppliers - Feb 1944". Naval Intelligence. Retrieved 25 August 2012. 
  5. ^ "British and American Destroyers Account for Another U-Boat". US Navy Press Release. 3 February 1944. Retrieved 19 August 2012. 
  6. ^ Blackman, Raymond V B, Jane's Fighting Ships 1963-4, Sampson Low, Marston & Co. Ltd, London, p61
  7. ^ HMS Calpe, uboat.net, retrieved August 2012
  8. ^ HMS Calpe, shipstamps.co.uk, accessed August 2012
  9. ^ History Of Hms Calpe – Personal Reflections Heritage Talk 4, 2005, accessed August 2012

Publications[edit]

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 37°38′N 5°58′E / 37.633°N 5.967°E / 37.633; 5.967