HMS Cambrian (1893)

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HMS Cambrian 1910 AWM 302155.jpeg
HMS Cambrian, c.1910.
History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: HMS Cambrian
Builder: Pembroke Dockyard
Laid down: 1891
Launched: 30 January 1893
Fate: Sold in February 1923 and broken up.
General characteristics
Class and type: Astraea-class cruiser
Displacement: 4,360 tons
Length: 320 ft (98 m) (p/p)
Beam: 49.5 ft (15.1 m)
Draught: 21 ft 6 in (6.55 m)
Propulsion: Triple expansion engines
Two shafts
7,500 ihp
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h; 21 mph) (natural draught)
19.5 knots (36.1 km/h; 22.4 mph) (forced draught)
Range: Carried 1000 tons coal (max)
Complement: 318
Armament: 2 × QF 6-inch (152.4 mm) guns
8 × QF 4.7 in (120 mm) guns
1 × 76 mm (3.0 in) gun
2 × 6-pounder guns
1 × 3-pounder gun
4 × machine guns
3 × 18 inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes
Armour: Conning tower: 3–6 in (76–152 mm)
Deck: 2 in (51 mm)
Engine hatch: 5 in (130 mm)

HMS Cambrian was a second-class protected cruiser, of the Royal Navy, built at the Pembroke Dockyard and launched on 30 January 1893.[1] She was the last flagship of the Australia Station.

Prince Louis of Battenberg, later First Sea Lord, captained Cambrian in the Mediterranean Fleet from October 1894 to May 1897.[2] In March 1901 she was commissioned at HMNB Devonport by Captain Frederick Sidney Pelham, with a crew of 345, to become senior officer's ship on the South East Coast of America Station.[3] From May 1901 she was commanded by Commodore Robert Leonard Groome, when Captain Pelham had transferred to a different vessel.[4] Captain Frank Finnis was appointed Commodore, 2nd class in command of the South East American Station based on the Cambrian in June 1902,[5] and arrived to take up the command the following month. By the middle of August, Commander Edward Stafford Fitzherbert was in command of the ship, when she visited Montevideo and Santos, Brazil.[6] She continued to Rio de Janeiro the following month.[7]

In 1907 she was on the Mediterranean Station. She commenced service on the Australia Station on 3 October 1905 under the command of Captain E.F. Gaunt arriving in Sydney in December.[1] She left the Australia Station after the arrival of the Australian Navy Fleet and returned to England on 13 October 1913. Upon arrival in England she was paid off. She was converted into a base ship and renamed HMS Harlich in March 1916 and later HMS Vivid in September 1921.[1]

Fate[edit]

She was sold in 1923 to Young in Southerland for breaking up.[1]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bastock, pp. 138-139.
  2. ^ Kerr, Mark (1934), Prince Louis of Battenberg, London: Longmans, Green and Co, pp. 121–122
  3. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36395). London. 6 March 1901. p. 10.
  4. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36557). London. 11 September 1901. p. 8.
  5. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36783). London. 2 June 1902. p. 9.
  6. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36858). London. 28 August 1902. p. 4.
  7. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36880). London. 23 September 1902. p. 8.

References[edit]

  • Bastock, John (1988), Ships on the Australia Station, Child & Associates Publishing Pty Ltd; Frenchs Forest, Australia. ISBN 0-86777-348-0