HMS Canada (1765)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Canada.
HMS Captain San Nicolas San Josef.jpg
HMS Captain, pictured, was from the same Canada class as HMS Canada
History
UK
Name: HMS Canada
Ordered: 1 December 1759
Builder: Woolwich Dockyard
Launched: 17 September 1765
Honours and
awards:
Fate: Broken up, 1834
Notes: Prison ship from 1810
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Canada-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1605 (bm)
Length: 170 ft (52 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 46 ft 9 in (14.25 m)
Depth of hold: 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounder guns
  • Upper gundeck: 28 × 18-pounder guns
  • QD: 14 × 9-pounder guns
  • Fc: 4 × 9-pounder guns

HMS Canada was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 17 September 1765 at Woolwich Dockyard.[1]

On 2 May 1781, Canada engaged and captured the Spanish ship Santa Leocadia, of 34 guns.[2]

In 1782, Canada was under the command of William Cornwallis,[2] when she took part in the Battle of St. Kitts. Later that year she participated in the Battle of the Saintes.

She took part in the Action of 6 November 1794 under Charles Powell Hamilton and managed to avoid capture.

Napoleonic Wars[edit]

In 1807, Canada was in the Caribbean in a squadron under the command of Rear-Admiral Alexander Cochrane. The squadron, which included HMS Prince George, HMS Northumberland, HMS Ramillies and HMS Cerberus, captured Telemaco, Carvalho and Master on 17 April 1807.[3]

Following the concern in Britain that neutral Denmark was entering an alliance with Napoleon, in December 1807 Canada sailed in Cochrane's squadron in the expedition to occupy the Danish West Indies. The expedition captured the Danish islands of St Thomas on 22 December and Santa Cruz on 25 December. The Danes did not resist and the invasion was bloodless.

Fate[edit]

Canada became a prison ship from 1810, and was broken up in 1834.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p176.
  2. ^ a b Ships of the Old Navy, Canada.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16236. p. 330. 11 March 1809.

References[edit]