HMS Canada (1765)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see HMS Canada.
HMS Captain San Nicolas San Josef.jpg
HMS Captain, pictured, was from the same Canada class as HMS Canada
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Canada
Ordered: 1 December 1759
Builder: Woolwich Dockyard
Launched: 17 September 1765
Honours and

Participated in:

Fate: Broken up, 1834
Notes: Prison ship from 1810
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Canada class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1605 bm
Length: 170 ft (52 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 46 ft 9 in (14.25 m)
Depth of hold: 20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 74 guns:
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 28 × 18 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 14 × 9 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 4 × 9 pdrs

HMS Canada was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 17 September 1765 at Woolwich Dockyard.[1]

On 2 May 1781, Canada engaged and captured the Spanish ship Santa Leocadia, of 34 guns.[2]

In 1782, Canada was under the command of William Cornwallis,[2] when she took part in the Battle of St. Kitts. Later that year she participated in the Battle of the Saintes.

She took part in the Action of 6 November 1794 under Charles Powell Hamilton and managed to avoid capture.

Following the concern in Britain that neutral Denmark was entering an alliance with Napoleon, the Canada sailed in the squadron in the expedition to occupy the Danish West Indies, with the squadron under the command of Rear-Admiral Alexander Cochrane, who sailed in HMS Belleisle. The squadron, which included HMS Prince George, HMS Northumberland, HMS Ramillies and HMS Cerberus, captured the Telemaco, Carvalho and Master on 17 April 1807.[3]

Canada became a prison ship from 1810, and was broken up in 1834.[1]


  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p176.
  2. ^ a b Ships of the Old Navy, Canada.
  3. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16236. p. 330. 11 March 1809.