HMS Capelin (1804)

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History
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Capelin
Ordered: 23 June 1803
Builder: Goodrich & Co. (prime contractor), Bermuda
Laid down: 1803
Launched: 1804
Fate: Wrecked 30 June 1808
General characteristics [1]
Type: Ballahoo-class schooner
Tonnage: 70 4194 (bm)
Length:
  • 55 ft 2 in (16.8 m) (overall)
  • 40 ft 10 12 in (12.5 m) (keel)
Beam: 18 ft 0 in (5.5 m)
Depth of hold: 9 ft 0 in (2.7 m)
Sail plan: Schooner
Complement: 20
Armament: 4 x 12-pounder carronades

HMS Capelin was a Royal Navy Ballahoo-class schooner carrying four 12-pounder carronades and a crew of 20. The prime contractor for the vessel was Goodrich & Co., in Bermuda, and she was launched in 1804.[1] Like many of her class and the related Cuckoo-class schooners, she succumbed to the perils of the sea relatively early in her career.

Career[edit]

In May 1804 she was commissioned under Lieutenant Archibald McDonald (or M'Donald; acting) for the Halifax station.[1] On 20 December 1806 he faced a court martial for his conduct after Capelin had run aground while under his command. The court decided that the charge was partly proven and so reprimanded him. It also ruled that he forfeit all seniority on the lieutenants' list. Still, McDonald was promoted to lieutenant on 22 December 1806 and commanded Capelin until February 1807.[2][3] At some point, possibly in 1806, Lieutenant J. Beckett may have commanded her for a short period.[4]

In 1807 Capelin was off Le Havre and under Lieutenant Thomas Delafons. On 11 August the ship Georgetown and the brig Robert arrived in Malta. A Spanish privateer had captured them off Sicilly, but Capelin had retaken them.[5]

Lieutenant Josias Bray replaced Delafons and took command on 13 January 1808.[1]

Fate[edit]

On 25 January Capelin was in company with Champion and Sybille when Sybille captured the Grand Argus.[6] Capellin was reconnoitering the harbour at Brest, France when she hit the sunken Parquette Rock at 7am on 30 June.[7] Whiting, the hired armed cutter Adrian and the cutter Entreprenante all tried to get her off.[8] However, no sooner had Entreprenante succeeded than water gushed in, causing Capelin to sink quickly, stern first. The vessels in attendance saved her crew.[9] The subsequent court martial for the loss of Capelin reprimanded Bray for not being on deck when she approached the harbour.[8] The court martial board also reprimanded Gunner's Mate Thomas Cole, who had been in charge of the watch, for not calling Bray when the haze had caused him to lose sight of the light at Pointe de Sainte Matthieu.[8]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Winfield (2008), p.359.
  2. ^ O'Byrne (1849), p.693.
  3. ^ Naval Chronicle, Vol. 16 (1806), p.514.
  4. ^ "NMM, vessel ID 381825" (PDF). Warship Histories, vol v. National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 30 July 2011. 
  5. ^ Lloyd's List,[1] - accessed 25 November 2013.
  6. ^ "no. 16228". The London Gazette. 11 February 1809. p. 197. 
  7. ^ Gossett (1986), p. 66.
  8. ^ a b c Hepper (1994), p124.
  9. ^ Grocott (1997), p.258.

References[edit]

  • O'Byrne, William R. (1849) A Naval Biographical Dictionary: comprising the life and services of every living officer in Her Majesty's navy, from the rank of admiral of the fleet to that of lieutenant, inclusive. (London: J. Murray), vol. 1.
  • Gossett, William Patrick (1986) The lost ships of the Royal Navy, 1793-1900. (London:Mansell).ISBN 0-7201-1816-6
  • Grocott, Terence (1997) Shipwrecks of the revolutionary & Napoleonic eras. (Mechanicsburg: Stackpole Books).
  • Hepper, David J. (1994) British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. (Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot). ISBN 0-948864-30-3
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1. 

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