HMS Carron (1813)
|Ordered:||18 November 1812|
|Builder:||Edward Adams, Bucklers Hard|
|Laid down:||March 1813|
|Launched:||9 November 1813|
|Commissioned:||11 November 1813|
|Fate:||Wrecked 6 July 1820|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||20-gun Cyrus-class sixth-rate post ship|
|Tons burthen:||459 2⁄94 (bm)|
|Beam:||29 ft 9 1⁄2 in (9.1 m)|
|Depth of hold:||8 ft 6 1⁄8 in (2.59 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
Carron was first commissioned in January 1814 under Captain Robert Cavendish Spencer (a son of George Spencer, 2nd Earl Spencer). At Bermuda, on 4 July 1814, Carron and Hermes embarked a company-strength force of Royal Marines, commanded by Edward Nicolls, for deployment on the Gulf Coast. They arrived at the mouth of the Apalachicola River on 14 August 1814. The vessels then took part in the unsuccessful British attack on Fort Bowyer on 15 September 1814 in which Hermes was lost. For much of the autumn, the Carron was at Pensacola, until General Andrew Jackson's numerically superior forces expelled the British at the start of November 1814.
Shortly thereafter, Carron made two lucrative captures when on 29 November she captured the schooners Hirondelle and Dos Amigos. For Spencer, the prize money was worth several years' pay. For an ordinary seaman, the money was worth a half to three-quarters of a year's pay.[Note 1]
Next, Carron participated in the Battle of Lake Borgne on 14 December in the run up to the Battle of New Orleans. In 1821 the survivors of the British flotilla shared in the distribution of head-money arising from the capture of five American gun-boats and sundry bales of cotton.[Note 2] Captain Spencer was mentioned in dispatches for his part in reconnoitering the Bayou Catalan, so as to determine a suitable location for British forces to disembark.[Note 3][Note 4] At the time of the besieging of Fort Bowyer in February 1815, Captain Spencer was among the sailors landed near Mobile, and was second in command of the Naval party.
Carron was moored off St Vincent Island, near Apalachicola Bay, on 27 March 1815, and stayed in this area for the next month or so. On 18 April, her commander was reappointed to command HMS Cydnus. When the British evacuated, a number of refugees were embarked on 20 April, and Lieutenant Armbrister was embarked on 22 April. When Carron arrived at New Providence in the Bahamas on 6 May, he disembarked. The refugees disembarked when Carron arrived at Bermuda on 22 May 1815.
Lieutenant James B. Tathnell became Carron's acting temporary commander in 1814, during Captain Spencer's absence. Sir Alexander Cochrane rewarded Spencer his efforts in Louisiana and Florida by appointing him to command Cydnus in April 1815 after her captain had died. Captain Nicholas Pateshall commanded Carron from April 1815 until she was paid off in August 1816 at Portsmouth. Carron was recommissioned in May 1818 under Commander John Furneaux, for service in the East Indies.
She was wrecked on 6 July 1820 six miles north of the Black Pagoda, which was 30 miles north of Puri.[Note 5] Carron had been sailing south from the Sandheads, for Madras when she grounded at 3 am while her crew thought she was 60 miles off the coast. Despite all efforts to free her, she quickly took on water, lost her boats and broke apart. In the morning, the survivors found that she was only a quarter of a mile offshore. Those who could made it ashore; in all, she lost a lieutenant of artillery, the master, and 19 crewmen to drowning. The court martial board blamed a strong, unexpected current for the loss.
Notes and citations
- A first-class share of the prize money was worth £778 5s 4d; a sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman, was worth £14 0s 1½d.
- A first-class share of the prize money was worth £34 12s 9¼d; a sixth-class share was worth 7s 10¾d.
- Letter from Cochrane to the Admiralty, dated 18 January 1815.
- Letter from Keane to Pakenham, dated 26 December 1814.
- Some contemporary accounts refer to Carron being lost off the "Juggernaut", another name for the White Pagoda or Jagannath Temple, Puri.
- Winfield (2008), p.238.
- "No. 17231". The London Gazette. 15 March 1817. p. 665.
- "No. 17719". The London Gazette. 26 June 1821. pp. 1353–1354.
- "No. 17730". The London Gazette. 28 July 1821. p. 1561.
- "The Naval Chronicle", Volume 33.
- James, Volume 2.
- Marshall, p.260
- "Royal Marines on the Gulf Coast". Retrieved 19 January 2014.
Extracted information from the muster of HMS Carron
- "NMM, vessel ID 381920" (PDF). Warship Histories, vol v. National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 30 July 2011.[permanent dead link]
- Hepper (1994), p.157.
- Asiatic Journal and Monthly Register for British and Foreign India, China and Australasia (1821), Volume 11, p.177. (Black, Parbury, & Allen).
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Hepper, David J. (1994). British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot. ISBN 0-948864-30-3.
- James, William (1818). A Full and Correct Account of the Military Occurrences of the Late War Between Great Britain and the United States of America. Vol 2. Published privately for the author.
- Marshall, John (1829). Royal naval biography; or, Memoirs of the services of all the flag-officers, superannuated rear-admirals, retired captains, post-captains, and commanders, whose names appeared on the Admiralty list of sea-officers at the commencement of the year 1823, or who have since been promoted. Part 3. London: Longman, Rees, Orme, Brown and Green.
- Misc editors (1815). The Naval Chronicle. Vol 33. London: Joyce Gold.
- Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1861762461.