HMS Cheerful (1897)
The visually identical Greyhound underway in 1906
|Ordered:||1896 – 1897 Naval Estimates|
|Builder:||R.W. Hawthorn Leslie & Co., Hebburn-on-Tyne|
|Laid down:||7 September 1896|
|Launched:||14 July 1897[Note 1]|
|Fate:||Mined on 30 June 1917|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Hawthorn Leslie three-funnel, 30-knot destroyer|
|Length:||215 ft (66 m) o/a|
|Beam:||21 ft 1 in (6.43 m)|
|Draught:||8 ft 2 in (2.49 m)|
|Installed power:||6,100 ihp (4,500 kW)|
|Speed:||30 kn (56 km/h)|
|Complement:||63 officers and men|
|Operations:||World War I 1914 - 1918|
HMS Cheerful was a 30-knot, three-funnel torpedo boat destroyer built by Hawthorn Leslie. She was ordered by the Royal Navy under the 1896–1897 Naval Estimates, launched in 1898 and saw action during World War I. She was mined off the Shetland Islands in 1917 and sank with the loss of 44 officers and men.
She was laid down on 7 September 1896, at the R.W. Hawthorn Leslie and Company shipyard at Hebburn-on-Tyne, and launched on 14 July 1897. During her builder’s trials, she made her contract speed of 30 knots (56 km/h; 35 mph). She was completed and accepted by the Royal Navy in February 1900, and passed into the Medway Fleet Reserve at Chatham.
After commissioning she was assigned to the Chatham Division of the Harwich Flotilla. She was deployed in home waters for her entire service life. On 6 March 1900 she was commissioned at Chatham to take the place of HMS Mermaid in the Medway instructional flotilla. In April 1900 she was present at an accident at Brighton's West Pier, when seven sailors from HMS Desperate were drowned in bad weather as they approached the pier.
On 30 August 1912 the Admiralty directed all destroyer classes were to be designated by letters. She was assigned to the C class along with the other 3-funnel, 30-knot destroyers. After 30 September 1913 she was known as a C-class destroyer and had the letter ‘C’ painted on the hull below the bridge area and on either the fore or aft funnel. Between 1912 and 1914 she had a wireless radio set installed.
In July 1914 she was in active commission in the 8th Destroyer Flotilla based at Sheerness and tendered to HMS Tyne, the flotilla depot ship. Her duties included anti-submarine and counter-mining patrols.
On 26 September two torpedoes were fired at her, 3 miles (4.8 km) west of Fidra in the Firth of Forth. At the end of September 1914, she was redeployed to the Shetlands patrol based out of Scapa Flow. Here she was deployed in anti-submarine operations and defending the main fleet anchorage. In December 1914 she was given the pennant number P13; at the start of September 1915, this was changed to D49.
- Lyon has a launch date of 22 February 1898 (and shows Mermaid as launched 14 July 1897) but notes that it is "not clear from the records consulted why Mermaid should be launched before, but completed after, her sister."
- Lyon, The First Destroyers, p. 93
- Jane, Fred T. (1969) [1898, Sampson Low Marston, London]. Jane’s All The Worlds Fighting Ships 1898. New York: ARCO Publishing Company. pp. 84–85.
- Jane, Fred T. (1990) [1919, reprinted]. Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing. p. 76. ISBN 1 85170 378 0.
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36063). London. 12 February 1900. p. 11.
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36083). London. 7 March 1900. p. 10.
- "Disaster to Bluejackets - Boat Swamped at Brighton - Seven Seamen Drowned". News of the World. 15 April 1900.
- "HMS Bittern". Index of 19th Century Naval Vessels and a few of their movements. Retrieved 13 January 2014.
- Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships 1906 to 1922. Conway Maritime Press. 2006 . pp. 17–19. ISBN 0 85177 245 5.
- ""Arrowsmith" List – Part 1 Destroyer Prototypes through "River" Class". Retrieved 1 Jun 2013.
- "Loss data from U-Boat.net".
- Lyon, David (2001) . The First Destroyers. Shipshape monographs. London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-364-8.
- Manning, Captain T.D. The British Destroyer. Godfrey Cave Associates. ISBN 0-906223-13-X.
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