HMS Cicero (F170)

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HMS Cicero (F170).jpg
History
Class and type: Infantry landing ship
Name:
  • Cape St Vincent (1944)
  • Empire Arquebus (1944-45)
  • HMS Cicero (1945)
  • Empire Arquebus (1945-46)
  • Al Sudan (1946-80)
Owner:
  • United States Navy (1944)
  • Ministry of War Transport (1944-45)
  • Royal Navy (1945)
  • Ministry of War Transport (1945-46)
  • United States Navy (1945-46)
  • Société Misr de Navigation Maritime, Egypt (1946-59)
  • Egyptian Government (1959-61)
  • United Arab Maritime Company, Egypt (1961-73)
  • Egyptian Maritime Company (1973-80)
Operator:
  • Owner operated except:-
  • Donaldson Bros & Black (1944-45, 1945-46)
Port of registry:
  • United States US Navy (1943-44)
  • United Kingdom London (1944-45)
  • United Kingdom Royal Navy (1945)
  • United Kingdom London (1945-46)
  • United States US Navy (1946)
  • Egypt Egypt (1946-80)
Builder: Consolidated Steel Corporation, Wilmington, California
Launched: 16 November 1943
Completed: January 1944
Commissioned: January 1945
Out of service: Returned to Ministry of War Transport in September 1945
Identification:
  • UK Official Number 169819 (1944-45, 1945-46)[1]
  • Egyptian Official Number 104 (1946- )[2]
  • Code Letters MYMS (1944-45, 1945-46)[1]
  • ICS Mike.svgICS Yankee.svgICS Mike.svgICS Sierra.svg
  • Code Letters SUDS (1946- )[2]
  • ICS Sierra.svgICS Uniform.svgICS Delta.svgICS Sierra.svg
Fate:
  • Returned to US Navy in 1946
  • Decommissioned and sold into civilian service in November 1946
  • Sold for scrapping in 1980
  • Broken up by 28 March 1987
General characteristics
Tonnage:
Length: 396 ft 5 in (120.83 m)[1]
Beam: 60 ft 1 in (18.31 m)[1]
Depth: 35 ft (10.67 m)[1]
Propulsion: 2 x Steam turbines (Westinghouse Electrical and Manufacturing Co, Essington, Philadelphia), double reduction geared to 1 screw[1]
Armament:
  • 1 × 4 in gun
  • 1 × 12 pdr gun
  • 12 × 20mm guns

HMS Cicero was an infantry landing ship in service with the Royal Navy during the late stages of the Second World War.

Career[edit]

Wartime[edit]

She was built by Consolidated Steel Corporation, Wilmington, California as the Cape St Vincent, and transferred under the terms of lend lease shortly after being completed in January 1944 under the name Empire Arquebus.[4] She was taken over by the Ministry of War Transport and operated by Donaldson Bros & Black Ltd. Empire Arquebus was a member of Convoy CU 15, which sailed from New York on 22 February 1944. She was carrying a cargo of fish and personnel. Empire Arquebus transferred to Convoy HX 280 at sea on 29 February.[5] Convoy HX 280 arrived at Liverpool on 9 March.[6]

She took part in the Normandy Landings, carrying Mk3 LCS (M)'s 78, 109 and 112 of the 542 Landing Craft Assault Flotilla and troops from the Hampshire Regiment. After the Normandy Landings, Empire Arquebus was laid up in the Clyde.[7] Empire Arquebus later served in the Pacific.[8]

In January 1945 she was requisitioned by the Admiralty and commissioned as HMS Cicero, under which name she served out the remainder of the war,[4] although it would appear that she remained named as Empire Arquebus. In 1945, Empire Arquebus was used to transport troops from Sydney and Brisbane via New Ireland, New Britain and Manus to Ponam. During this journey, the ship was infested by flying beetles which had got aboard in bales of tobacco.[9] The ship arrived at Ponam on 25 March 1945.[10] Surplus to requirements after the war's end, she was returned to the Ministry of War Transport in September 1945, which returned her to Donaldson Bros & Black under her original name of Empire Arquebus.[4][11]

Postwar[edit]

Empire Arquebus sailed with Donaldson Bros & Black until 1946, when she was returned to the US Navy.[4] She was laid up until being sold to the Egyptian company Société Misr de Navigation Maritime[2] in November 1946, taking the new name Al Sudan.[4][11] She sailed with them for the next few years, making voyages carrying pilgrims to Jeddah, and at times operating under charter.[8] She made a number of voyages to Australia.[8]

She was taken over by the Egyptian Government in 1959, during the period of nationalisation, and by 1961 was part of the nationalised United Arab Maritime Company, who proceeded to operate her for the next 12 years.[8][11] In 1973 she returned to being owned by an Egyptian company, this time the Egyptian Navigation Company.[12] She was sold for scrapping in 1980, and laid up at Suez.[11] She spent several years in this state, but work was finally started in July 1984 and she was completely broken up by 28 March 1987.[8]

Official number and code letters[edit]

Official Numbers were a forerunner to IMO Numbers.

Empire Arquebus had the UK Official Number 169819 and used the Code Letters MYMS.[1] Al Sudan had the Egyptian Official Number 104 and used the Code Letters SUDS.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "LLOYD'S REGISTER, STEAMERS AND MOTORSHIPS" (PDF). Plimsoll Ship Data. Retrieved 2008-12-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Register of Ships - Aa-Al". Gilbert Provost. Archived from the original on 14 July 2008. Retrieved 8 January 2009. 
  3. ^ "Register of Ships, Em-Ex". Gilbert Provost. Retrieved 19 April 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e Colledge. Ships of the Royal Navy. p. 70. 
  5. ^ "CONVOY CU 15". Warsailors. Retrieved 8 January 2009. 
  6. ^ "CONVOY HX 280". Warsailors. Retrieved 8 January 2009. 
  7. ^ "524 LCA FLOTILLA". combinedops.com. Retrieved 8 January 2009. 
  8. ^ a b c d e Plowman. Australian Migrant Ships. p. 9. 
  9. ^ "The reminiscences of Telegraphist Kenneth Peterkin". Royal Navy Research Archive. Retrieved 8 January 2009. 
  10. ^ "Operations at Ponam, Admiralty Islands". Royal Navy Research Archive. Retrieved 8 January 2009. 
  11. ^ a b c d "EMPIRE - A". mariners-l.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-11-24. 
  12. ^ "1169819"Paid subscription required. Miramar Ship Index. Retrieved 2008-11-24. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]