HMS Cockatrice (1781)

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History
Great Britain
Name: HMS Cockatrice
Namesake: The Cockatrice
Ordered: 11 April 1780
Builder: Thomas King, Dover
Laid down: c.May 1780
Launched: 3 July 1781
Out of service: April 1793
Fate: Sold 1802
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: HMhb Cockatrice
Acquired: August 1804 by contract
Fate: Returned to owners 1808
United Kingdom
Name: Cockatrice
Owner:
  • 1809:Wright[1]
  • 1810:Miller & Co.[2]
  • 1815:Goldie & Co.[3]
Fate: Condemned at Lisbon c.May 1816
General characteristics [4][Note 1]
Class and type:
Tons burthen:
  • HMS: 181394 (bm)
  • HMhb: 1839294,[6] or 195 (bm)[7]
  • Merchantman:200 (bm)[1]
Length: 69 ft 4 in (21.1 m) (overall); 52 ft 0 in (15.8 m) (keel)
Beam: 25 ft 7 in (7.8 m)
Depth of hold: 10 ft 9 in (3.3 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Complement:
  • HMS:55 (later 70)
  • HMhb:45
Armament:
  • HMS:
  • HMhb:12 × 18-pounder carronades
  • Merchantman:12 guns[2]

HMS Cockatrice was the fourth of the Alert-class British Royal Navy cutters. She was launched in 1781 and had an uneventful career until the Navy sold her in 1802. Private interests purchased her, lengthened her, and changed her rig to that of a brig. They hired her out to the Navy and she was in service as a hired armed brig from 1806 to 1808. She then returned to mercantile service until she was condemned at Lisbon in May 1816 as not worth repairing.

Royal Navy cutter[edit]

The Navy commissioned Cockatrice for home waters in August 1781. In August 1782 she was under the command of Lieutenant C. Bartholomew, in home waters. She was paid off in 1782 or 1783. She was then recommissioned in May 1783 under the command of Lieutenant William Reynolds off the Isle of Wight. She was paid off in 1786 but in October she was recommissioned under the command of Lieutenant C. Hummer. She was again paid off in 1789.[8]

From 1790 to 1793, Lieutenant Walter Locke commanded Cockatrice in the Channel.[9] On 28 May 1790 she arrived at Portsmouth with 90 impressed men.[10]

In February 1793 Lieutenant John Clements took command.[4] On 9 March Cockatrice sent a Dutch hoy, of about 200 tons, into Poole. The hoy had been sailing from Genoa to Havre. Cockatrice also sent into Portsmouth a French brig carrying wine and salt.[11]

Disposal: The Navy paid her off in April 1793 and placed her in ordinary at Portsmouth. She sat there until she sank at her moorings in 1801. The Navy refloated her. Then the "Principal Officers and Commissioners of His Majesty's Navy" offered "Cockatrice Cutter, 181 Tons, Copper-bottomed, lying at Portsmouth", for sale on 9 September 1802.[12]

Hired armed vessel[edit]

Private interests purchased her, increased her burthen from 181 to 195 tons by cutting her in half and lengthening her, and changed her rig to that of a brig.[7] The Admiralty hired her and she commenced service as His Majesty's hired brig (HMhb) Cockatrice on 6 August 1804.[6]

In 1804 she was under the command of Lieutenant Nicholas Kemp (or Kempe) when on 18 June she came into Portsmouth with a convoy from the Downs, and on 22 June sailed with a convoy for the westward.[13] Later, on 10 January 1805, Cockatrice recaptured the brig Padgey.[14] Padgey had been sailing from Cardiff to London when a privateer captured her near Land's End. Cockatrice sent her into Penzance.[15]

On 20 February Kempe and Cockatrice detained Flora.[16] Flora, Klyn, master, had been sailing from Bilboa to Embden when Cockatrice intercepted her and sent her into the Motherbank.[17]

In 1806 Cockatrice was under the command of P. Greene.[18] According to Ccckatrice's log book, Greene was Pitt Burnaby Greene, and he took command on 6 April 1805. During his tenure Cockatrice patrolled and escorted convoys, but did not capture any prizes. On 30 March 1806, Burnaby Greene was off Ireland with orders to take on board the Earl of Hardwicke, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland (1801-1805). Burnaby Greene left Cockatrice in February 1807, moving to take command of HMS Foxhound.[19]

In 1807 J. B. Balderston took command of Cockatrice.[18] On 27 and 28 August in the run-up to the British attack on Copenhagen the Royal Navy embargoed three Danish vessels then at Plymouth: Elizabeth, Tiesco, and Aurora.[Note 2] Also on 28 August Cockatrice and Amazon were in company at the capture of the Danish ship Speculaton and so shared in the prize money for her.[21] Two days later Plover and Cockatrice were in company for the detention of the Danish ship George, and the Danish vessels Die Perle and Fortuna.[22][23]

In 1808 William Balfour replaced Balderston.[18] He wrote to his uncle and some of his letters were later published. He described her as a leaky and that she should be taken out of service. He reported that the owners had hired her out for 15s/month/ton (or £1795 per annum, based on a burthen of 195 tons). The owners also had agreed to provide 45 men at a rate of £5 10s each, per month. However, Balfour further reported that the owners were rarely able to provide half that many. At the time of writing, Cockatrice had a crew of 30 including Balfour and his servant. Lastly, Balfour reported that it was his understanding that Balderston had, in his 16 months in command, amassed some £2000 in prize money.[7]

Cockatrice's contract ended in 1808.[6] There is no readily available record of her having taken any prizes during Balfour's term in command.

Merchantman[edit]

The brig Cockatrice, of 200 tons (bm), entered Lloyd's Register in 1809 with Wright, owner, changing to Miller & Co., voyage London to Liverpool, changing to Liverpool-Hayti, with E. Crosbie, master.[1]

In 1810 her master was still E. Crosbie, but changing to J. Young. Her owner was Miller & Co., and her trade Liverpool-Hayti (changing to Africa).[2] In mid-December 1809 Cockatrice, Crosby, master, from "Hayti", put into Yarmouth having lost her foretopmast and bowsprit.[24]

In October 1810 Cockatrice took two representatives of the King of Ashantee back to Accra from Cape Coast Castle.[25]

On 22 April 1813, Cockatrice, Carteheon, master, arrived at Barbados. HMS Sceptre had detained her and Wasp, Archer, master, for carrying unlicensed arms and ammunition, and sent them into Barbados for adjudication.[26] The authorities quickly released Cockatrice, Caithcheon, master, and by 3 May she was off Cape Tiburoon (Cape Tiburón, Colombia).[27]

In 1815 Cockatrice, A. Fullerton, master (changing to Kirkpatrick), Goldie & Co., owner, was engaged in the London-San Domingo trade (changing to Liverpool-Africa).[3]

Fate[edit]

On 7 March 1816, Cockatrice, Kirkpatrick, master, from Gorée to Liverpool, put into Lisbon in a very leaky state.[28] After a survey, the surveyors reported that she was so "strained and shaken" as to be unworthy of repair.[29]

Notes, citations and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Dimensions are for the cutter.[5]
  2. ^ All of the naval vessels stationed at Plymouth shared in the prize money. A lieutenant's share was 5s 6d; a seaman's share was 2½d.[20]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c Lloyd's Register (1809), Seq. №507.
  2. ^ a b c Lloyd's Register (1809), Seq. №C529.
  3. ^ a b Lloyd's Register (1815), Seq. №639.
  4. ^ a b Winfield (2008), p. 353.
  5. ^ Clowes et al., (1897-1903), Vol. 3, p.335.
  6. ^ a b c Winfield (2008), p. 394.
  7. ^ a b c Grocott (1997), p. 118.
  8. ^ "NMM, vessel ID 382522" (PDF). Warship Histories, vol xii. National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 30 July 2011.[permanent dead link]
  9. ^ Marshall (1823), Vol. 1, Part. 2, p.678.
  10. ^ The Lady's Magazine Or Entertaining Companion for the Fair Sex: Appropriated Solely to Their Use and Amusement. (1790), Vol. 21, p.333.
  11. ^ Lloyd's List №2491.
  12. ^ "No. 15508". The London Gazette. 21 August 1802. p. 888.
  13. ^ Naval Chronicle, Vol. 12, pp.163-4.
  14. ^ "No. 15800". The London Gazette. 23 April 1805. p. 555.
  15. ^ Lloyd's List №4183.
  16. ^ "No. 16261". The London Gazette. 27 May 1809. p. 767.
  17. ^ Lloyd's List №4195.
  18. ^ a b c "NMM, vessel ID 382530" (PDF). Warship Histories, vol xii. National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 30 July 2011.[permanent dead link]
  19. ^ MANUSCRIPT LOGS of BRIG-SLOOP HMS "FOXHOUND" "COCKATRICE", COMMANDED BY PITT BURNANBY-GREENE.
  20. ^ "No. 16874". The London Gazette. 26 March 1814. p. 660.
  21. ^ "No. 16474". The London Gazette. 9 April 1811. p. 677.
  22. ^ "No. 16374". The London Gazette. 29 May 1810. p. 782.
  23. ^ "No. 16415". The London Gazette. 16 October 1810. pp. 1647–1648.
  24. ^ Lloyd's List №4417.
  25. ^ Reports from Committees: Poor Laws; Chimney Sweeps; Steam Boats; etc. (1817), App. 7, pp.41-2.
  26. ^ Lloyd's List №4775.
  27. ^ Lloyd's List №4776.
  28. ^ Lloyd's List №5070.
  29. ^ Lloyd's List №5076.

References

  • Clowes, W. Laird, et al. (1897-1903) The royal navy: a history from the earliest times to the present. (Boston: Little, Brown and Co.; London: S. Low, Marston and Co.).
  • Grocott, Terence (1997) Shipwrecks of the revolutionary & Napoleonic eras (Chatham). ISBN 1-86176-030-2
  • Marshall, John (1823–1835). Royal naval biography, or, Memoirs of the services of all the flag-officers, superannuated rear-admirals, retired-captains, post-captains, and commanders, whose names appeared on the Admiralty list of sea officers at the commencement of the present year 1823, or who have since been promoted ... London: Longman, Hurst, Rees, Orme and Brown.
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.

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