HMS Colossus (1803)
Hull plan for Colossus and Warspite
|Ordered:||13 January 1798|
|Laid down:||May 1799|
|Launched:||23 April 1803|
|Fate:||Broken up, 1826|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||74-gun third-rate ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1888 47⁄94 (bm)|
|Length:||180 ft (55 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam:||48 ft 10 in (14.88 m)|
|Depth of hold:||21 ft (6.4 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship|
HMS Colossus was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched from Deptford Dockyard on 23 April 1803. She was designed by Sir John Henslow as one of the large class 74s, and was the name ship of her class, the other being Warspite. As a large 74, she carried 24 pdrs on her upper gun deck, as opposed to the 18 pdrs found on the middling and common class 74s. She took part in the Battle of Trafalgar, and was broken up in 1826.
Colossus fought at Trafalgar under Captain James Nicoll Morris, in Collingwood's lee column. After sustaining fire from the enemy fleet, she eventually ran by the French Swiftsure, 74, and became entangled with Argonaute, 74. Towards the end of the exchange of fire between the two ships, Captain Morris was hit by a shot from one of Argonaute's guns, just above the knee. Argonaute broke free from Colossus after this, whilst the British ship was engaging both Swiftsure and the Spanish Bahama, 74, on her other side. Bahama surrendered when Colossus brought down her main mast, and Swiftsure did likewise after combined fire from Colossus and Orion brought down her main and mizzen masts.
War of 1812
On 5 January 1813 Colossus, the frigate Rhin and the brig Goldfinch captured the American ship Dolphin. A little over a month later, on 11 February, Rhin and Colossus captured the American ship Print.
- Michael Phillips. Colossus (74) (1803). Michael Phillips' Ships of the Old Navy. Retrieved 4 November 2008.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line – Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650–1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
- Winfield, Rif & Lyon, David (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6. OCLC 52620555.