HMS Courageux (1800)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Courageux.
History
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Courageux
Ordered: 6 November 1794
Builder: Deptford Dockyard
Laid down: October 1797
Launched: 26 March 1800
Fate: Broken up, 1832
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: 74-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1772 (bm)
Length: 181 ft (55.2 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 47 ft 1 in (14.4 m)
Depth of hold: 19 ft 10 in (6.0 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounder guns
  • Upper gundeck: 30 × 24-pounder guns
  • QD: 12 × 9-pounder guns
  • Fc: 4 × 9-pounder guns

HMS Courageux was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 26 March 1800 at Deptford. She was designed by Sir John Henslow as one of the large class 74-gun ships, and was the only ship built to her draught. Unlike the middling and common class 74-gun ships, which carried 18-pounder long guns, as a large 74-gun ship, Courageux carried 24-pounders on her upper gun deck.[1]

On 1 January 1804 a convoy of leaving Portsmouth for the West Indies. On 1 February 43 vessels returned to Plymouth, together with their escort, Courageux.[2]

In mid-1804, Courageaux escorted a convoy from St Helena back to Britain. The convoy consisted of the East Indiamen City of London, Ceylon, Calcutta, and Wyndham, two vessels from the South Seas, Lively and Vulture, and the ship Rolla, which had transported convicts to New South Wales.[3][Note 1] On the way the convoy ran into severe weather with the result that Prince of Wales, which had also left St Helena with the rest, foundered with the loss of all on board; this had been her maiden voyage.[5][3]

In 1806 and 1807 Courageux is known to have been under the command of James Bissett.[6]

Shortly after the outbreak of the War of 1812, on 12 August, Courageaux shared in the seizure of several American vessels: Cuba, Caliban, Edward, Galen, Halcyon, and Cygnet.[Note 2]

Fate[edit]

Courageux was placed on harbour service in 1814, and was broken up in 1832.[1]

Notes, citations, and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Lively was a French ship launched in 1787 but captured in 1796. She was now working as a South Seas whaler under the command of Captain Magnus Smith and under ownership of David Bennett.[4]
  2. ^ Prize money was paid in November 1815. A first-class share was worth £360 2s 3d; a sixth-class share, that of an ordinary seaman, was worth £3 11s 7d.[7]
Citations
  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol. 1, p. 184.
  2. ^ Lloyd's List №4424. Accessed 1 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b The Times, 12 October 1804.
  4. ^ Clayton (2014), pp.160-1.
  5. ^ National Archives: Prince of Wales (8) - accessed 31 July 2015.
  6. ^ Commissioned Sea Officers of the Royal Navy, David Bonner Smith
  7. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17076. p. 2209. 4 November 1815.
References
  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.