HMS Courageux (1800)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Courageux.
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Courageux
Ordered: 6 November 1794
Builder: Deptford Dockyard
Laid down: October 1797
Launched: 26 March 1800
Fate: Broken up, 1832
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: 74-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1772 (bm)
Length: 181 ft (55 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 47 ft 1 in (14.35 m)
Depth of hold: 19 ft 10 in (6.05 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounder guns
  • Upper gundeck: 30 × 24-pounder guns
  • QD: 12 × 9-pounder guns
  • Fc: 4 × 9-pounder guns

HMS Courageux was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 26 March 1800 at Deptford. She was designed by Sir John Henslow as one of the large class 74-gun ships, and was the only ship built to her draught. Unlike the middling class and common class 74-gun ships, which carried 18-pounder long guns, as a large 74-gun ship, Courageux carried 24-pounders on her upper gun deck.[1]

In mid-1804, Courageaux escorted a convoy from [{Saint Helena|St Helena]] back to Britain. The convoy consisted of the East Indiamen City of London, Ceylon, Calcutta, and Wyndham, two vessels from the South Seas, Lively and Vulture, and the ship Rolla, which had transported convicts to New South Wales.[2][Note 1] On the way the convoy ran into severe weather with the result that the Prince of Wales, which had also left St Helena with the rest, foundered with the loss of all on board; this had been her maiden voyage.[4][2]

In 1806 and 1807 she is known to have been under the command of James Bissett.[5]

Courageux was placed on harbour service in 1814, and was broken up in 1832.[1]

Notes, citations, and references[edit]

  1. ^ Lively was a French ship launched in 1787 but captured in 1796. She was now working as a South Seas whaler under the command of Captain Magnus Smith and under ownership of David Bennett.[3]
  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol. 1, p. 184.
  2. ^ a b The Times, 12 October 1804.
  3. ^ Clayton (2014), pp.160-1.
  4. ^ National Archives: Prince of Wales (8) - accessed 31 July 2015.
  5. ^ Commissioned Sea Officers of the Royal Navy, David Bonner Smith
  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.