HMS Duke (1682)

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History
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
Name: HMS Duke
Builder: Thomas Shish, Woolwich Dockyard
Launched: 1682
Renamed: HMS Prince George, 1701
Fate: Accidentally burned at sea on 13 April 1758
Notes:
General characteristics as built[1]
Class and type: 90-gun second rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1364194 (bm)
Length: 162 ft 10 in (49.6 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 45 ft 2 in (13.8 m)
Depth of hold: 18 ft 9 in (5.7 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 90 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1701 rebuild[2]
Class and type: 90-gun second rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 14216194 (bm)
Length: 162 ft 10 in (49.6 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 45 ft (13.7 m)
Depth of hold: 18 ft 7 in (5.7 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 90 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1723 rebuild[3]
Class and type: 1719 Establishment 90-gun second-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 15861694 (bm)
Length: 164 ft (50.0 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 47 ft 2 in (14.4 m)
Depth of hold: 18 ft 10 in (5.7 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:
  • 90 guns:
  • Gundeck: 26 × 32 pdrs
  • Middle gundeck: 26 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 9 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 10 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 6 pdrs

HMS Duke was a 90-gun second-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched in 1682 at Woolwich Dockyard.[1]

She underwent a rebuild in 1701 as another 90-gun second rate, and was renamed HMS Prince George[2] (after the future George II). After her rebuild, she served in the War of the Spanish Succession, fighting in the Battle of Málaga and the capture of Gibraltar.

On 4 November 1719 Prince George was ordered to be taken to pieces and rebuilt at Deptford, from where she was relaunched on 4 September 1723 as a 90-gun second-rate built to the 1719 Establishment.[3]

In June 1757 Prince George was taken into Portsmouth Dockyard for repairs. The work took four months to complete at a total cost of £9,513, after which the ship was recommissioned as the flagship of Rear Admiral Broderick. On 13 April 1758, Prince George was at sea in the Bay of Biscay when a fire broke out below decks. The flames quickly spread throughout the ship and she foundered with the loss of 485 out of 745 crew.[4]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 162.
  2. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 166.
  3. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 169.
  4. ^ Winfield 2007, pp. 13-14

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships in the Age of Sail: 1714-1792. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 9781844157006.