HMS Eagle (1774)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Eagle.
History
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Eagle
Ordered: 14 January 1771
Builder: Wells, Rotherhithe
Laid down: April 1771
Launched: 2 May 1774
Honours and
awards:
Fate: Broken up, Chatham UK, October 1812
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Intrepid-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1372 bm
Length: 159 ft 6 in (48.62 m) (gun deck)
Beam: 44 ft 4 in (13.51 m)
Draught: 10 ft 8 in (3.25 m)
Depth of hold: 19 ft (5.8 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:
  • 64 guns:
  • Gundeck: 26 × 24 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 18 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 10 × 4 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 9 pdrs

HMS Eagle was a 64-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 2 May 1774 at Rotherhithe.[1]

A diagram of the American Turtle

On 7 September 1776, the experimental American submarine Turtle, under the guidance of army volunteer Sergeant Ezra Lee, was alleged to have attacked HMS Eagle, which was moored off what is today called Liberty Island, but was unable to bore through the hull. When Lee attempted another spot in the hull, he lost the ship, and eventually abandoned the attempt.

British naval historian Richard Compton-Hall stated that the problems of achieving neutral buoyancy would have rendered the vertical propeller useless. The route the Turtle would have had to take to attack HMS Eagle was slightly across the tidal stream which would, in all probability, have resulted in Ezra Lee becoming exhausted having only 20 minutes of air. There is no record of the Royal Navy recording an attack.[2] In the face of these and other problems Compton-Hall suggests that the Turtle got nowhere near HMS Eagle and the entire story was fabricated as disinformation and morale-boosting propaganda, and that if Ezra Lee did carry out an attack it was in a covered rowing boat rather than the Turtle.[2]

Eagle went on to take part in the Battle of Cuddalore in 1783.[3]

Eagle was on harbour service from 1790, and was broken up in 1812.[1]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p181.
  2. ^ a b Compton-Hall, pp. 32–40
  3. ^ Winfield 2007, p. 105

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships in the Age of Sail: 1714-1792. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 9781844157006.