English ship Essex (1653)

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Royal Navy EnsignEngland
Name: HMS Essex
Builder: Phineas Pett II, Deptford Dockyard
Launched: 1653
Captured: 14 June 1666, by the Dutch
Dutch Navy EnsignDutch Republic
Acquired: 14 June 1666
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Speaker-class frigate
Tons burthen: 6527194 (bm)
Length: 118 ft (36.0 m) (keel)
Beam: 32 ft 3 in (9.8 m)
Depth of hold: 14 ft (4.3 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 48 guns (at launch); 60 guns (1666)

Essex was a 48-gun third rate frigate built for the navy of the Commonwealth of England by Phineas Pett II at Deptford, and launched in 1653. Following the restoration of the English monarchy in 1660, she was commissioned into the Royal Navy as HMS Essex.[1]

Between 1 June and 4 June (by the Julian Calendar) 1666 Essex fought at the Four Days Battle. On the final day of the engagement, she was captured by the Dutch.[1] By the time of the battle, Essex's armament had been increased to 60 guns.


  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p159.


  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.