English ship Essex (1653)
|Builder:||Phineas Pett II, Deptford Dockyard|
|Captured:||14 June 1666, by the Dutch|
|Acquired:||14 June 1666|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Speaker-class frigate|
|Tons burthen:||652 71⁄94 (bm)|
|Length:||118 ft (36.0 m) (keel)|
|Beam:||32 ft 3 in (9.8 m)|
|Depth of hold:||14 ft (4.3 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
|Armament:||48 guns (at launch); 60 guns (1666)|
Essex was a 48-gun third rate frigate built for the navy of the Commonwealth of England by Phineas Pett II at Deptford, and launched in 1653. Following the restoration of the English monarchy in 1660, she was commissioned into the Royal Navy as HMS Essex.
Between 1 June and 4 June (by the Julian Calendar) 1666 Essex fought at the Four Days Battle. On the final day of the engagement, she was captured by the Dutch. By the time of the battle, Essex's armament had been increased to 60 guns.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p159.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
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