HMS Exmouth (1854)

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Tommaso de Simone - H.M.S. Exmouth signalling her arrival at Naples.jpg
Exmouth signalling her arrival at Naples
History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
NameHMS Exmouth
Ordered12 March 1840
Builder
  • Devonport Dockyard
  • fitting out at Devonport Dockyard
  • Machinery by Maudslay, Sons & Field
Laid down13 September 1841
Launched12 July 1854
Commissioned15 March 1855
Out of serviceLent to Metropolitan Asylums Board as a training ship in 1877
FateSold for breaking up on 4 April 1905
General characteristics
Class and type Albion-class ship of the line
Displacement4,382 tons
Tons burthen3,083 tons
Length243 ft (74 m) (overall)
Beam60 ft 2.5 in (18.352 m)
Depth of hold23 ft 8 in (7.21 m)
Propulsion
  • Sails
  • 2-cyl. horizontal single expansion
  • Single screw
  • 400 nhp (1,533 ihp) = 9.55kts
Sail planFull-rigged ship
Complement830 officers and men
Armament
  • 91 guns:
  • Gundeck: 32 × 8in
  • Upper gundeck: 32 × 32 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck and Forecastle: 26 × 32 pdrs, 1 × 68 pdr

HMS Exmouth was a 91-gun screw propelled Albion-class second-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy.

Design[edit]

Ship plan for the Exmouth

Exmouth was ordered as a 90-gun sailing ship from Devonport Dockyard in 1841, but was ordered to be converted to operate under steam propulsion on 30 October 1852. The conversion began on 20 June 1853 and Exmouth was finally launched on 12 July 1854. She fitted out at Devonport Dockyard, finally being commissioned for service on 15 March 1855, having cost a total of £146,067, with £76,379 being spent on the hull as a sailing ship, and a further £24,620 spent on the machinery.

Service[edit]

In 1855, during the later stages of the Crimean War, she served in the Baltic Sea as flagship of Sir Michael Seymour.[1] On 12 May 1857, Exmouth ran aground in Crewgreace bay, west of The Lizard, Cornwall. She was refloated. Her captain, Harry Ayres was convicted of negligence by a Court Martial and was admonished. Her master, Edward Fancourt Cavell was also convicted. He was sentenced to be reprimanded and admonished.[2] She was a guard ship at Devonport by 1859, when future admiral Robert Spencer Robinson was her captain between 1 February 1858 and May 1859. Exmouth was lent to the Metropolitan Asylums Board to serve as a training ship in 1877. According to a paper read at the Central Poor Law Conference in February 1904 these ships were recommended for boys supervised by the poor law authorities as an economic means of providing them with a career which also benefited the country.[3] She was sold to George Cohen on 4 April 1905 and then broken up at Penarth.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Clowes 1901, p. 478.
  2. ^ "The Stranding of Her Majesty's Ship Exmouth". The Times. No. 22688. London. 23 May 1857. col C, p. 12.
  3. ^ "Training Ships". The Workhouse. Retrieved 18 December 2014.

External links[edit]