HMS Friday is an urban myth concerning a disastrous attempt by the Royal Navy to dispel the superstition against sailing on a Friday. While widely circulated, the story is in fact untrue; moreover, there was never a ship named HMS Friday.
The details of the story vary, but it usually follows this form:
Sometime in the 19th century, the Royal Navy attempted to finally dispel the old superstition among sailors that beginning a voyage on a Friday was certain to bring bad luck. To demonstrate the falseness of this belief, they decided to commission a ship named HMS Friday. Her keel was laid on a Friday, she was launched on a Friday, and she set sail on her maiden voyage on Friday the 13th, under the command of a Captain James Friday. She was never seen or heard from again.
This story, in numerous variations, is frequently recounted, often as fact. It also appeared as a small "filler" item in the magazine "Reader's Digest", its format giving the impression of having been historically researched.
In fact, there has never been any Royal Navy ship of that name. It is unclear where the story originated; however, it seems to have gained in popularity after its recounting by comedian Dave Allen on his BBC television show Dave Allen at Large, Series 1, Episode 2, first broadcast 4 February 1971.
- "The Top 10 Superstitions About Boating". Retrieved 2014-08-14.
- Eyers, Jonathan (2011). Don't Shoot the Albatross!: Nautical Myths and Superstitions. A&C Black, London, UK. ISBN 978-1-4081-3131-2.
- "Nautical Folklore: Superstition of Friday". Retrieved 2008-09-29.
- Lennox, Doug (2003). Now You Know: The Book of Answers. Dundurn Press Ltd. p. 110. ISBN 1-55002-461-2.
- "Why Friday the 13th Is Unlucky". about.com. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
- "Friday the 13th". Infoplease. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
- Vigor, John (2004). The Practical Encyclopedia of Boating. McGraw-Hill Professional. ISBN 0-07-137885-5.
- "RNM News, 13th July 2007: No truth in 'HMS Friday' story". Royal Naval Museum. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
- "Naval Friday 13th myth unfounded". BBC News Online. 2007-07-12. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
- "Myth of the Day 01 - HMS Friday". Trancefixed. Retrieved 2008-09-29.