HMS Guadeloupe (1763)

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Carysfort cropped.jpg
Guadeloupe was built to the same design as HMS Carysfort, (pictured)
History
Royal Navy EnsignGreat Britain
Name: HMS Guadeloupe
Namesake: Invasion of Guadeloupe (1759)
Ordered:
  • 19 September 1757 (Williams)
  • 29 June 1758 (Plymouth)
Builder:
Laid down: 8 May 1759
Launched: 5 December 1763
Completed: 11 July 1764
Commissioned: March 1764
Out of service: Scuttled on 10 October 1781
French Navy EnsignFrance
Name: Guadeloupe
Acquired: Salvaged
Commissioned: April 1783
Fate: Deleted from navy list in 1786
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Coventry-class sixth-rate frigate
Displacement: 850 tons (French)
Tons burthen: 586 3094 (bm)
Length:
  • 118 ft 4 in (36.1 m) (gundeck)
  • 97 ft 3 12 in (29.7 m) (keel)
Beam: 33 ft 8 in (10.3 m)
Depth of hold: 10 ft 6 in (3.20 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement:
  • British service:200
  • French service:130 (peace) and 210 (war)
Armament:
  • British service:
  • Upper deck: 24 × 9-pounder guns
  • QD: 4 × 3-pounder guns
  • Also: 12 × ½-pdr swivel guns
  • French service:
  • Upperdeck: 20 x 8-pounder guns
  • Spardeck:4 x 4-pounder guns
Plan of Guadeloupe in 1763

HMS Guadeloupe (or Guadaloupe), was a 28-gun sixth-rate Coventry-class frigate of the Royal Navy. The ship was designed by Sir Thomas Slade, and was initially contracted to be built with the Pembrokeshire shipwright John Williams of Neyland; however he became bankrupt and the Admiralty transferred the order to the Plymouth Naval Dockyard.

Guadeloupe served during the American War of Independence. At Yorktown her men, stores and guns were landed to support the British Army during the siege. When she came under fire from shore batteries the British scuttled her in the York River, Virginia, on 10 October 1781 to prevent the French capturing her.[2]

The French Navy subsequently salvaged her and then commissioned her in April 1783 after they had repaired her. She served until being deleted from their navy lists at Rochefort in 1786.[3]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Winfield & Roberts (2015), p. 122.
  2. ^ Hepper (1994), p. 66.
  3. ^ Demerliac (1996), p. 69, #429.

References[edit]

  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8.
  • Demerliac, Alain (1996) La Marine De Louis XVI: Nomenclature Des Navires Français De 1774 À 1792. (Nice: Éditions OMEGA). ISBN 2-906381-23-3
  • Gardiner, Robert (1992) The First Frigates. (London: Conway Maritime Press). ISBN 0-85177-601-9.
  • Hepper, David J. (1994). British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot. ISBN 0-948864-30-3.
  • Lyon, David (1993) The Sailing Navy List. (London: Conway Maritime Press). ISBN 0-85177-617-5.
  • Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1714–1792: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 978-1844157006.
  • Winfield, Rif & Stephen S Roberts (2015) French Warships in the Age of Sail 1786 - 1861: Design Construction, Careers and Fates. (Seaforth Publishing). ISBN 9781848322042

External links[edit]

Media related to HMS Guadeloupe (ship, 1763) at Wikimedia Commons