HMS Haddock (1805)

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HMS Haddock (1805) body plan.jpg
Haddock body plan
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Haddock
Ordered: 23 June 1803
Builder: Goodrich & Co. (prime contractor), shipyard of Isaac Skinner, Bermuda
Laid down: 1803
Launched: 21 March 1805
Captured: 12 November 1809
Fate: Sunk four days after capture
General characteristics [1]
Type: Ballahoo-class schooner
Tonnage: 70 4194 (bm)
Length:
  • 55 ft 2 in (16.8 m) (overall)
  • 40 ft 10 12 in (12.5 m) (keel)
Beam: 18 ft 0 in (5.5 m)
Depth of hold: 9 ft 0 in (2.7 m)
Sail plan: Schooner
Complement: 20
Armament: 4 x 12-pounder carronades

HMS Haddock was a Royal Navy schooner of four 12-pounder carronades and a crew of 20. The prime contractor for the vessel was Goodrich & Co., in Bermuda, and she was launched in 1805.[1]

Haddock only sailed for some three to four years before the French captured her in 1809 in the English Channel. This schooner was the only Royal Navy ship ever to use the name.

Service[edit]

She was commissioned in April 1805 under Lieutenant John Buddle. Between 9 October and 15 November she was in Portsmouth, refitting.[1] At this time the Admiralty had her lines taken. She would then act as the model for the subsequent Cuckoo-class schooners.

Haddock sailed for Jamaica on 11 December. In 1806 she was under Lieutenant Edward Foley.[1] On 22 May she captured Arrogante, for which head money for 19 men was paid in March 1828.[3][Note 1] In 1808 Lieutenant Charles William Selwyn took command.[1]

On 6 September, the American vessel Nancy, Ringhaven, master, arrived at Jamaica. She had been sailing from Havana to Jamaica when Haddock detained her and sent her in.[4]

Fate[edit]

On 12 November 1809 the 18-gun square-rigged brig Génie captured Haddock, which was under the command of Lieutenant Henry Edwards.[5][Note 2]

Haddock was on her way from Jamaica with dispatches,[6] when at 1:30pm she sighted a brig that began to give chase. In her attempt to escape, Haddock threw her guns, shot and stores overboard. Still, the brig gained. Haddock surrendered at 8:30pm, having first thrown her signals and dispatches overboard.[5]

The encounter occurred in the Atlantic,[1][5] or the Channel.[8] Lloyd's List gives the approximate location as 48°56′N 16°0′W / 48.933°N 16.000°W / 48.933; -16.000,[6] which would put the capture in the Atlantic. Génie was an Abeille-class naval brig, built at Dunkerque and launched 23 July 1808. Her armament consisted of eighteen 24-pounder carronades, and she was under the command of lieutenant de vaisseau Degrave.[7]

On 16 November Génie captured two more vessels. One was Lusitania, Carmen, master, which had been sailing from Grenada to London. The second was Fortune, of Bristol, Hare, master, which had been sailing from St Croix to London. The Frenchmen plundered Lusitania and then put the captured crews on board her. Next the Frenchmen sank Fortune and Haddock and let Lusitania depart. Lusitania arrived at Portsmouth on 25 November.[6]

Footnotes[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ This is from the London Gazette. However, in 1806 Diadem captured the brig Arrogante of two guns off Montevideo. It is an open question as to whether there is a coincidence, or Haddock was acting as a tender to Diadem, or the item in the newspaper represents an error.
  2. ^ Winfield, Grocott, and Hepper (in his index) agree that the date of the capture was 30 January, but then Hepper gives the date in the text as 12 November. Lloyd's List and French sources also give the date as 12 November.[6][7]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Winfield (2008), p.359.
  2. ^ Bermuda Historical Quarterly, Vol 18, no 2, 1961
  3. ^ "No. 18500". The London Gazette. 29 August 1828. p. 1637.
  4. ^ Lloyd's List,[1] - accessed 25 November 2013.
  5. ^ a b c Hepper (1994), p.130.
  6. ^ a b c d Lloyd's List,[2] - accessed 24 November 2013.
  7. ^ a b Fonds Marine, 1805-1826, p.405.
  8. ^ Gossett (1986), p. 70.

References[edit]

  • Gossett, William Patrick (1986) The lost ships of the Royal Navy, 1793-1900. (London:Mansell).ISBN 0-7201-1816-6
  • Hepper, David J. (1994) British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. (Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot). ISBN 0-948864-30-3
  • Roche, Jean-Michel (2005) Dictionnaire des Bâtiments de la Flotte de Guerre Française de Colbert à nos Jours. (Group Retozel-Maury Millau).
  • Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.