HMS Hastings (1819)

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Figurehead from H.M.S. Hastings.jpg
The ship's figurehead[Note 1]
History
Flag of the British East India Company (1707).svgUnited Kingdom
Name: Hastings
Namesake: Warren Hastings
Builder: Kyd & Co, Kidderpore[2]
Launched: 8 January 1818[3]
Fate: Sold to British Admiralty 1819
History
Royal Navy EnsignUK
Name: HMS Hastings
Acquired: 22 June 1819, from British East India Company
Fate: Sold, 1886
General characteristics [4]
Class and type: 74-gun third rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1732,[5] or 1763 (bm)
Length: 176 ft 10 12 in (53.9 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 48 ft 6 in (14.8 m)
Depth of hold: 21 ft (6.4 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:
  • Gundeck: 28 × 32-pounder guns
  • Upper gundeck: 28 × 18-pounder guns
  • QD: 4 × 12-pounder guns + 10 × 32-pounder carronades
  • Fc: 2 × 12-pounder guns + 2 × 32-pounder carronades

HMS Hastings was a 74-gun third rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy. She was built in Calcutta for the Honourable East India Company, but the Royal Navy purchased her in 1819. The Navy sold her in 1886.

East India Company[edit]

Hastings was built of the highest quality "saul", "sissoo", "Pegue", and "Java" teak wood, following Sir Robert Seppings's principles, which resulted in a vessel both longitudinal and transverse support. Her construction cost Sicca ruppees (Sa.Rs.) 8,71,406 (£108,938), which the merchants of Calcutta and other patriotic individuals subscribed via shares.[5] The full cost of getting her ready for sea was Sa.Rs. 8,71,406 (£116,375).[6]

Captain John Hayes sailed Hastings from Calcutta on 28 March 1818. She reached Madras on 13 April, and Port Louis on 2 July. From there she reached St Helena on 15 September, and arrived at The Downs on 3 November.[2]

HMS Hastings[edit]

The Admiralty purchased Hastings on 22 June 1819. It paid about half of what the vessel had cost the shareholders in Calcutta that had subscribed to her construction. The belief in Calcutta was that the jealousy of the Thames shipbuilders led to the undervaluation of the ship.[5]

In 1838 Hastings took the new governor to Canada. The ship arrived in Quebec on 27 May 1838.[7]

Sailors and marines from Hastings fought Chinese pirates at the Battle of Tonkin River in 1849.

In 1855 she was fitted with screw propulsion.[4] In 1857 the ship was deployed to Liverpool on coastal defence duties before being transferred to the Royal Naval Reserve to be used as a training ship.[1]

Fate[edit]

Hastings was sold out of the navy in 1886.[4]

Notes, citations and references[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ The Ship's figurehead is now on display at the Merseyside Maritime Museum.[1]

Citations

  1. ^ a b Guy, Stephen (2008). "National Museums Liverpool Blog - Immortalised in wood". National Museums Liverpool. Retrieved 13 May 2013. 
  2. ^ a b National Archives:Hastings (2),[1] - accessed 23 November 2014.
  3. ^ Lee (1912), pp.239-40.
  4. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p191.
  5. ^ a b c Phipps (1840), pp.xiii-xiv.
  6. ^ Phipps (1840), p.41.
  7. ^ Patrick Richard Carstens; Timothy L (31 January 2013). The Republic of Canada Almost. Xlibris Corporation. p. 330. ISBN 978-1-4797-4917-1. 

References

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Lee, Ida (1912) Commodore Sir John Hayes: His Voyage and Life (1767-1831) with Some Account of Admiral D'Entrecasteaux's Voyage of 1792-3. (Longmans, Green).
  • Phipps, John Phipps (of the Master Attendant's Office, Calcutta) (1840) A Collection of Papers Relative to Ship Building in India ...: Also a Register Comprehending All the Ships ... Built in India to the Present Time .... (Scott). (Google eBook)