HMS Hussar (1894)
|Laid down:||3 April 1893|
|Launched:||3 July 1894|
|Commissioned:||3 December 1896|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Dryad-class torpedo gunboat|
|Length:||262 ft 6 in (80.0 m)|
|Beam:||30 ft 6 in (9.3 m)|
|Draught:||13 ft (4.0 m)|
|Installed power:||3,500 ihp (2,600 kW)|
|Speed:||18.2 kn (33.7 km/h)|
HMS Hussar was a Dryad-class torpedo gunboat of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1894 and served in the Mediterranean between 1896 and 1905 before being used for fishery protection. During the Dardanelles campaign of 1915 her commanding officer and two of her ship's company won the Victoria Cross. She was broken up in 1921.
Ordered under the Naval Defence Act of 1889, which established the "Two-Power Standard", the class was contemporary with the first torpedo boat destroyers. With a length overall of 262 ft 6 in (80.01 m), a beam of 30 ft 6 in (9.30 m) and a displacement of 1,070 tons, these torpedo gunboats were not small ships by the standard of the time; they were larger than the majority of World War I destroyers. Hussar was engined by Hawthorn Leslie and Company with two sets of vertical triple-expansion steam engines, two locomotive-type boilers, and twin screws. This layout produced 3,500 indicated horsepower (2,600 kW), giving her a speed of 18.2 knots (33.7 km/h). She carried between 100 and 160 tons of coal and was manned by 120 sailors and officers.
When built Hussar acquired a different armament from the rest of the class; she was fitted with one (instead of two) QF 4.7-inch (12 cm) gun, one (instead of four) 6-pounder guns and two additional 12-pounder guns. Her primary weapon was five 18-inch (450-mm) torpedo tubes,[Note 1] with two reloads. On conversion to a minesweeper in 1914 two of the five torpedo tubes were removed.
Hussar served on the Mediterranean Station between 1896 and 1905. During part of her time there, she operated in the International Squadron, a multinational force made up of ships of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, French Navy, Imperial German Navy, Italian Royal Navy (Regia Marina), Imperial Russian Navy, and Royal Navy that intervened in the 1897-1898 Greek Christian uprising against the Ottoman Empire′s rule in Crete. On 6 November 1898, the last Ottoman forces on Crete, supervised by members of the crews of the British battleships HMS Revenge and HMS Empress of India, embarked on Hussar for transportation to Salonica, bringing 229 years of Ottoman occupation of Crete to an end.
Lieutenant Commander Marcus Rowley Hill was appointed in command of Hussar on 11 April 1899. In early February 1900 she left Malta homeward bound, and later that month arrived at Devonport, where she paid off on 12 March. She was re-commissioned by Lieutenant Adolphus Huddlestone Williamson the same day, and returned to the Mediterranean. In June 1902 she visited Alexandria, and in October that year she was at Syracuse, Sicily.
Yacht to the Commander-in-Chief, Mediterranean
Fitted as a minesweeper
In 1914 Hussar was converted into a minesweeper, which was the fate of many such torpedo gunboats.
In February 1915, Commander Edward Unwin took command of Hussar. For the landing at Cape Helles on 25 April 1915, Unwin took command of the steamer SS River Clyde. Unwin received the Victoria Cross for his actions during the landing, as did two of his crew from Hussar who were also on River Clyde, Able Seaman William Williams and Seaman George Samson.
Hussar was initially sold in December 1920, but was resold on 13 July 1921 to L Gatt, of Malta for breaking up.
- British "18 inch" torpedoes were 17.72 inches (45.0 cm) in diameter
- Winfield (2004), p.306
- McTiernan, p. 36.
- The British in Crete, 1896 to 1913: Ottomans Evacuate Crete
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36060). London. 8 February 1900. p. 10.
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36071). London. 21 February 1900. p. 10.
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36089). London. 14 March 1900. p. 7.
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36786). London. 5 June 1902. p. 7.
- "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36888). London. 2 October 1902. p. 4.
- "HMS Hussar at the Index of 19th Century Naval Vessels". Retrieved 24 February 2009.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- McTiernan, Mick, A Very Bad Place Indeed For a Soldier. The British involvement in the early stages of the European Intervention in Crete. 1897 - 1898, King's College, London, September 2014.
- Winfield, R.; Lyon, D. (2004). The Sail and Steam Navy List: All the Ships of the Royal Navy 1815–1889. London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-032-6.