HMS Illustrious (1789)
Model of the HMS Illustrious at Buckler's Hard
|Ordered:||31 December 1781|
|Builder:||Adams, Bucklers Hard|
|Laid down:||September 1784|
|Launched:||7 July 1789|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||Arrogant class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1616 bm|
|Length:||168 ft (51 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam:||46 ft 9 in (14.25 m)|
|Depth of hold:||19 ft 9 in (6.02 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
In 1793, Illustrious was involved in the Siege of Toulon. In 1795, she earned a Battle Honour in the Battle of Genoa, during which Captain Nelson aboard Agamemnon captured Ça Ira. Illustrious was badly damaged in the engagement with the van of the French fleet.
After the battle, Meleager was towing Illustrious when she broke free of her tow. Then the accidental firing of a lower deck gun damaged the ship so that she took on water. She attempted to anchor in Valence Bay (between Spezia and Leghorn) to ride out the bad weather that had descended upon her. Her cables broke, however, and she struck on rocks and had to be abandoned. Lowestoffe and Tarleton took off her stores, and all her crew were saved. Her hull was then set on fire.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p180.
- Gossett (1986), p.7.
- Ships of the Old Navy, Illustrious.
- Gossett, William Patrick (1986). The lost ships of the Royal Navy, 1793-1900. Mansell. ISBN 0-7201-1816-6.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
- Michael Phillips. Illustrious (74) (1789). Michael Phillips' Ships of the Old Navy. Retrieved 1 November 2008.