HMS Intrepid (1891)

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HMS Intrepid 1896 IWM Q 21388
HMS Intrepid in her original configuration, 1896 (IWM Q21388)
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Intrepid
Builder: London and Glasgow Shipbuilding Company
Laid down: 6 September 1889
Launched: 20 June 1891
Commissioned: November 1892
Honours and
awards:
ZEEBRUGGE 1918
Fate: Expended as a block ship, 1918
Badge:
Ship's badge of HMS Intrepid (IWM Q20181)
General characteristics
Class and type: Apollo-class cruiser
Displacement: 3,600 tons
Length: 314 ft (95.7 m)
Beam: 43.5 ft (13.3 m)
Draught: 17.5 ft (5.3 m)
Propulsion:
Speed: 19.75 knots (36.58 km/h)
Complement: 273 to 300 (Officers and Men)
Armament:

HMS Intrepid was an Apollo-class protected cruiser of the Royal Navy built on the River Clyde and launched in 1891. She was subsequently converted as a minelayer and sunk as a blockship during the Zeebrugge Raid on 23 April 1918.

History[edit]

Ordered under the Naval Defence Act 1889, Intrepid was laid down in 1889 at the yard of the London and Glasgow Shipbuilding Company. Following completion in November 1892 Intrepid was held at Portsmouth. During 1896-99 she served on the North America & West Indian Station, then in 1899 returned to Portsmouth.

Captain Richard Bowles Farquhar was appointed in command on 2 October 1902,[1] as she was commissioned at Portsmouth for service on the Mediterranean station.[2] She left that city on 14 October,[3] arriving at the station headquarters at Malta later the same month. Between 1902 and 1904 she served in the Mediterranean, followed by harbour service at Portsmouth until 1909.

Aerial photograph showing the blockships sunk after the Zeebrugge Raid. HMS Intrepid is on the far left

Along with a number of other ships of her class, as she became obsolete as a cruiser she was converted at Chatham Dockyard into a minelayer, carrying 100 mines and with armament reduced to four 4.7-inch guns. In 1910 she recommissioned at Chatham. On the outbreak of the First World War Intrepid was based at Dover, undertaking minelaying duties as part of the Dover Patrol.

In 1915-16 she became a Depot ship, North Russia. In 1917 she was in use as a depot ship in the White Sea as part of the British North Russia Squadron.[4]

Along with HMS Iphigenia (1891) and HMS Thetis she was selected to be used as a blockship during the Zeebrugge Raid. She was prepared for the raid by being filled with cement. She was sunk at the entrance to the Bruges Canal to try and prevent it being used by German U-Boats.[5] She was subsequently broken up when the canal was cleared.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36846). London. 14 August 1902. p. 5.
  2. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36889). London. 3 October 1902. p. 8.
  3. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36898). London. 14 October 1902. p. 7.
  4. ^ Ship's Log, The National Archives (TNA), 7 August 1916, ADM 53/44866
  5. ^ Monograph No. 18: The Dover Command: Vol I (PDF). Naval Staff Monographs (Historical). VI. The Naval Staff, Training and Staff Duties Division. 1922.

Publications[edit]

External links[edit]

  • HMS Intrepid, Index of 19th Century Naval Vessels
  • [1], HMS Intrepid at Naval-History.net