HMS Juno (F46)

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For other ships with the same name, see HMS Juno.
HMS Juno (F46).jpg
HMS Juno (F46)
History
United Kingdom
Name: HMS Juno
Builder: Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company
Laid down: 5 October 1937
Launched: 8 December 1938
Commissioned: 25 August 1939
Identification: Pennant number: F46
Fate: Sunk by Italian aircraft, 21 May 1941
General characteristics (as built)
Class and type: J-class destroyer
Displacement:
Length: 356 ft 6 in (108.66 m) o/a
Beam: 35 ft 9 in (10.90 m)
Draught: 12 ft 6 in (3.81 m) (deep)
Installed power:
Propulsion: 2 × shafts; 2 × geared steam turbines
Speed: 36 knots (67 km/h; 41 mph)
Range: 5,500 nmi (10,200 km; 6,300 mi) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph)
Complement: 183 (218 for flotilla leaders)
Sensors and
processing systems:
ASDIC
Armament:

HMS Juno was a J-class destroyer of the Royal Navy laid down by the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Limited, at Govan in Scotland on 5 October 1937, launched on 8 December 1938 and commissioned on 25 August 1939. Juno participated in the Battle of Calabria[1] in July 1940 and the Battle of Cape Matapan in March 1941.

Attacked and sunk[edit]

Juno was attacked by an Italian CANT Z.1007 aircraft from 50th group, flown by Lt. Mario Morassutti,[2] as she steamed with the Mediterranean Fleet against the German sea-borne invasion of Crete and sank 30 nautical miles south-east of Crete on 21 May 1941.[2]

At the time of her attack and sinking Juno was commanded by Cdr. St. John Reginald Joseph Tyrwhitt and would have had a complement of 183 to 218 seamen and officers. It is figured that 116 crew lost their lives after 3 high-powered explosions split Juno in two, sinking her in around 97 seconds.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Mason, Geoffrey B. (2004). "Service Histories of Royal Navy Warships in World War 2: HMS JUNO (F 46) – J-class Destroyer including Convoy Escort Movements". www.naval-history.net. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  2. ^ a b "HMS Juno (F 46) Destroyer of the J class". uboat.net. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "HMS Juno (F46) [+1941]". www.wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 16 September 2012. 

References[edit]

  • Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) [1969]. Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475. 
  • English, John (2001). Afridi to Nizam: British Fleet Destroyers 1937–43. Gravesend, Kent: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-64-9. 
  • Friedman, Norman (2006). British Destroyers & Frigates: The Second World War and After. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-86176-137-6. 
  • Hodges, Peter; Friedman, Norman (1979). Destroyer Weapons of World War 2. Greenwich: Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 978-0-85177-137-3. 
  • Langtree, Charles (2002). The Kelly's: British J, K, and N Class Destroyers of World War II. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-422-9. 
  • Lenton, H. T. (1998). British & Empire Warships of the Second World War. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-048-7. 
  • March, Edgar J. (1966). British Destroyers: A History of Development, 1892–1953; Drawn by Admiralty Permission From Official Records & Returns, Ships' Covers & Building Plans. London: Seeley Service. OCLC 164893555. 
  • Rohwer, Jürgen (2005). Chronology of the War at Sea 1939–1945: The Naval History of World War Two (Third Revised ed.). Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-59114-119-2. 
  • Whitley, M. J. (2000). Destroyers of World War Two: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. London: Cassell & Co. ISBN 1-85409-521-8. 
  • Winser, John de D (1999). B.E.F. Ships Before, At and After Dunkirk. Gravesend: World Ship Society. ISBN 0-905617-91-6. 

Coordinates: 34°35′N 26°34′E / 34.583°N 26.567°E / 34.583; 26.567