HMS Lapwing (1785)
|Ordered:||22 October 1782|
|Builder:||Thomas King, Dover|
|Laid down:||February 1783|
|Launched:||21 September 1785|
|Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Lapwing 3 Decr. 1796"|
|Fate:||Taken to pieces at Plymouth 31 May 1828|
|Class and type:||28-gun Enterprise-class sixth-rate frigate|
|Tons burthen:||597 82⁄94 (bm)|
|Beam:||33 ft 8 in (10.3 m)|
|Depth of hold:||11 ft 0 1⁄2 in (3.366 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship|
|Complement:||200 officers and men|
Lapwing was first commissioned in October 1790 under the command of Captain Paget Bayly (or Bayley), who had commanded Scorpion off the coast of Africa and in the West Indies. Captain Henry CUrzon recommissioned her in April 1791 and sailed for the Mediterranean on 12 July. She returned to Britain in 1793 and was paid off in February 1794.
Between May and November Lapwing underwent fitting at Woolwich. While this was underway, Captain Robert Barton commissioned her for cruising. He then sailed her to the Leeward Islands in October 1795.
Lapwing vs. Décius and Vaillante
On 25 November 1796, Captain R. Barton and Lapwing were at St Kitts when an express boat brought the news that a French force consisting of two warships, several smaller ships, and 400 troops, were threatening Anguilla. Contrary winds prevented Lapwing from arriving in time to prevent the French from burning the town. Still, Lapwing was able to meet the French force near St Martin's. There she was able to capture the corvette, Décius, and destroy the brig, Vaillante. She captured 170 men. Décius was armed with twenty-four 6-pounder guns, two 12-pounder carronades, and two field pieces. She had a crew of 133 men, and was carrying 203 troops, all under the command of Citizen Andrée Senis. Vaillante was armed with four 24-pounder guns, had a crew of 45 men, and was carrying 90 troops, all under the command of Citizen Laboutique. Half an hour after Décius struck, Vaillante ran aground at St Martin's, where fire from Lapwing destroyed her.
Having destroyed Valliante, Lapwing took possession of Décius. Barton found that she had suffered about 80 men killed and 40 wounded. He took 170 prisoners. The next day two French frigates, Thétis and Pensée, chased Lapwing. Barton took the prisoners aboard Lapwing and set fire to Décius. Lapwing then returned to St Kitts.
Barton further added that it was his understanding that all the troops were from "Victor Hughes" (Guadeloupe), picked expressly for the purpose of plundering and destroying the island. Many of the soldiers may have drowned in attempting to swim to shore.
The engagement cost Lapwing only one man killed (her pilot), and six men wounded. In 1847 the Admiralty awarded the Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Lapwing 3 Decr. 1796" to all surviving claimants from the action.
On 28 December, Lapwing was off Montserrat when she captured the French privateer Maria Topaze. Maria Topaze, of Guadeloupe, was armed with ten guns and had a crew of 47 men. During the chase she threw six of her guns overboard. She was one day out of St Eustatia.
On 31 January 1797 Lapwing was sailing off Barbuda when she captured the French privateer schooner Espoir. Espoir was armed with four guns and ten swivel guns, and had a crew of 48 men. She was out of Guadeloupe and Lapwing sent her into St. Christopher's.
On 31 March 1798, Lapwing was off St Bartholomews when she captured the French privateer schooner Hardi. Hardi, of Guadeloupe, was armed with four guns and had a crew of 47 men. She had been out some time but had not made any captures. Lapwing sent Hardi into Martinique.
On 17 July 1803 Lapwing, Falcon, and the hired armed cutter Queen Charlotte captured Caroline. Then on 28 July, the same three vessels recaptured from the French the brig Mercure, which apparently was British-built and once called Mercury.
Aaron Thomas' journal
Aaron Thomas kept a journal from 15 June 1798 to 26 October 1799 in which he gave an account of his time aboard Lapwing. This manuscript is now held by the University of Miami. During this period Lapwing sailed around the Caribbean visiting St. Kitts, Nevis, Antigua, Anguilla, Martinique and Guadeloupe. In August 1799, Lapwing was also involved in the successful operation in which the British seized Paramaribo from the Dutch.
Citations and references
- "no. 20939". The London Gazette. 26 January 1849. p. 238.
- Winfield (2008), pp.223-4.
- "no. 13970". The London Gazette. 10 January 1797. p. =32.
- "no. 13972". The London Gazette. 17 January 1797. p. 52.
- Troude (1867), p. 45.
- "no. 13996". The London Gazette. 25 March 1797. p. 289.
- "no. 15024". The London Gazette. 2 June 1798. p. 485.
- "no. 15689". The London Gazette. 3 April 1804. p. 416.
- "no. 15706". The London Gazette. 29 May 1804. p. 680.
- Glassford, Sarah (2006). "Seaman, Sightseer, Storyteller, and Sage: Aaron Thomas's 1794 History of Newfoundland". Newfoundland and Labrador Studies. 21 (1). Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- Locke, Elizabeth H. "Aaron Thomas: The Caribbean Journal of a Royal Navy Seaman". University of Miami. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
- Robert Gardiner, The First Frigates, Conway Maritime Press, London 1992. ISBN 0-85177-601-9.
- David Lyon, The Sailing Navy List, Conway Maritime Press, London 1993. ISBN 0-85177-617-5.
- Troude, Onésime-Joachim (1867). Batailles navales de la France (in French). 3. Challamel ainé.
- Rif Winfield, British Warships in the Age of Sail, 1714 to 1792, Seaforth Publishing, London 2007. ISBN 978-1-84415-700-6.
- Winfield, Rif (2008). British Warships in the Age of Sail 1793–1817: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 1-86176-246-1.
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