HMS Lively (1756)
|Ordered:||20 May 1755|
|Builder:||Moody Janverin, Bursledon, Hampshire|
|Laid down:||c. June 1755|
|Launched:||10 August 1756|
|Captured:||10 July 1778, by French frigate Iphigénie.|
|Acquired:||10 July 1778|
|Captured:||29 July 1781, by HMS Perseverance|
|Acquired:||29 July 1781|
|Fate:||Sold, 11 March 1784|
|General characteristics |
|Tons burthen:||439 (bm)|
|Length:||108 ft (32.9 m)|
|Beam:||30 ft 5 1⁄4 in (9.3 m)|
|Depth of hold:||9 ft 8 in (2.9 m)|
|Complement:||160 officers and men|
HMS Lively was a 20-gun post ship of the Royal Navy, launched in 1756. During the Seven Years' War she captured several vessels, most notably the French corvette Valeur in 1760. She then served during the American Revolutionary War, where she helped initiate the Battle of Bunker Hill. The French captured her in 1778, but the British recaptured her 1781. She was sold in 1784.
Seven Years' War
Lively was commissioned in July 1756 under Captain Francis Wyatt. In November 1756 she captured the French privateer Intrépide, of Nantes, and her prize, Charming Molly, which had been sailing from Malaga to Bristol. Intrépide was armed with eight guns and 10 swivel guns, and had a crew of 75 men. Lively brought the two vessels into Plymouth. Around this time she also recaptured the merchant vessel Pike, of Liverpool.
On 17 October 1760 she was with Hampshire and Boreas when they intercepted five French vessels in the Windward Passage. The French vessels had sailed from Cape Francois and were carrying sugar an indigo.
The next day Lively, using her sweeps, caught up with the sternmost enemy vessel, the French 20-gun corvette Valeur. Valeur had a crew of 160 men under the command of a Captain Talbot. In the hour-and-a-half fight before Valeur struck, Lively had two men killed but no wounded; Valeur had 38 killed and 25 wounded, including her captain, master, and boatswain. At the same time, Boreas captured Sirenne, and Hampshire chased the merchant frigate Prince Edward on shore where her crew set fire to her, causing her to blow up.
The day after that, on 19 October, Hampshire, with Lively and Valeur, cornered the French frigate Fleur de Lis in Freshwater Bay, a little to leeward of Port-de-Paix; her crew too set her on fire. The merchant frigate Duc de Choiseul, of 32 guns and 180 men under the command of Captain Bellevan, escaped into Port-de-Paix.
In March 1762 Captain J. Jorer took command of Lively from Maitland. Captain the Honourable Kieth Stewart replaced Jorer later that year, and cruised her in home waters. In June 1763 he sailed her to the Mediterranean and remained in command into 1764.
In April 1769 Captain Robert Fanshawe recommissioned Lively for the Channel. Fanshawe apparently commanded her through 1770, and in 1771 was superseded by Captain G. Talbot. In early 1771 Lively served at Plymouth as the flagship of Admiral Richard Spry. Then on 18 June 1771 Talbot sailed her to North America. In 1773 Captain William Peere Williams took command of Lively on 11 October 1773, sailing her back to Britain and paying her off in December. Captain Thomas Bishop recommissioned Lively in January 1774. On 16 April he sailed her for North America.
American Revolutionary War
On 13 May 1774, Lively arrived in Boston. She brought with her General Thomas Gage, commissioned as governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. Lively was part of the British fleet that blockaded the port of Boston to enforce the Boston Port Act, a punishment of that city for the Boston Tea Party. Following the outbreak of the American Revolutionary War in April 1775, she remained part of the British presence during the Siege of Boston, and was the first ship to fire at the fortifications the American colonial militia had erected, helping to spark the Battle of Bunker Hill.
In 1776 she cruised off Marblehead. She captured a number of vessels off Cape Ann: in February the schooner Tartar; in May an unknown sloop (unknown because the crew abandoned her and fled, taking all her papers with them); on 26 June, Lively, Milford and Hope took the schooner Lydia, bound for the West Indies. The Vice-Admiralty Court at Halifax, Nova Scotia ruled all three to be prizes.
Lively also escorted the victualler Levant to New York, Delaware, Cape Fear and St. Augustine.
Capture and re-capture
In March 1777 Captain Robert Biggs recommissioned Lively. On 10 July 1778 Lively, having escorted an ordnance sloop to Guernsey, then proceeded to sail to meet Admiral Keppel's fleet off Ushant. In the morning, as the fog lifted, she found herself near the French fleet, under Louis Guillouet, comte d'Orvilliers. The French cutter Curieuse, of 10 guns and under the command of Captain Trolong du Rumain, chased Lively and ordered her to lie to, which order Biggs declined. However, the 32-gun Iphigénie, Captain Kersaint de Coëtnempren, came up and ordered Biggs to sail Lively to the French admiral. Biggs was still arguing when Iphigénie fired a broadside. The broadside killed 12 British sailors; thereupon, Biggs struck.
The French Navy took Lively into service. In January–February 1779 she was part of a squadron, together with Résolue, under Admiral Vaudreuil, that captured Fort St Louis in Senegal from the British. The troops were under the command of the Duc de Lauzun.
On 29 July 1781, Captain Skeffington Lutwidge's Perseverance recaptured Lively, which was under the command of Lieutenant de Breignon. Lively put up a short, desperate defense during which she had six men killed and 10 wounded, one of whom died later. Lively was on her return from Cayenne, had been at sea for 53 days, and ten days earlier had captured Rosemount and Katherine, which had been sailing from Cork. In capturing Lively, Perseverance recaptured the two brigs. Lively had also been in company with the corvette Hirondelle, which however escaped. Thirty-two vessels of the British fleet shared the prize money, which was declared on 17 August 1782.
By September 1781 Lively was off Sandy Hook, with Admiral Robert Digby's squadron. By 14 November Lively, under Captain Manley, had returned to Britain with dispatches from Rear-Admiral Thomas Graves.
She was sold in March 1784.
Citations and references
- Winfield, British Warships.
- Demerliac (1996), p.68, #425.
- Gentleman's Magazine, vol. 26, p.593.
- The general magazine of arts and sciences: philosophical, philological, mathematical, and mechanical, p.440.
- "NMM, vessel ID 370238" (PDF). Warship Histories, vol ii. National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 30 July 2011.
- The London Gazette: . 7 February 1761.
- Alden (1948) p. 204.
- Brooks (1999), p.127.
- Essex Institute historical collections, Volume 45, 228, 321, 331.
- Neeser (1913), p.250.
- Hepper (1994), p.52.
- Clowes (1897-1903), Vol. 4, p. 16.
- Guérin, p. 71.
- Guérin, p.92.
- Clowes et al. (1897-1903), Vol. 4, p. 72.
- The London Gazette: . 7 August 1781.
- The London Gazette: . 13 August 1782.
- The London Gazette: . 3 November 1781.
- The London Gazette: . 13 November 1781.
- The London Gazette: . 12 November 1782.
- Alden, John Richard (1948) General Gage in America: being principally a history of his role in the American Revolution. (Louisiana State University Press).
- Brooks, Victor (1999). The Boston Campaign. Combined Publishing. ISBN 1-58097-007-9.
- Clowes, Sir William Laird, Sir Clements R. Markham, A T Mahan, Herbert Wrigley Wilson, Theodore Roosevelt, L. G. Carr Laughton (1897-1903) The Royal Navy: a history from the earliest times to the present. (Boston: Little, Brown and Co.).
- Demerliac, Alain (1996) La Marine De Louis XVI: Nomenclature Des Navires Français De 1774 À 1792. (Nice: Éditions OMEGA). ISBN 2-906381-23-3
- Guérin, Léon (1851). Histoire Maritime de France, Volume 5 (in French). Paris: Dufour et Mulat. OCLC 16966590.
- Hepper, David J. (1994). British Warship Losses in the Age of Sail, 1650-1859. Rotherfield: Jean Boudriot. ISBN 0-948864-30-3.
- Neeser, Robert Wilden (ed.) (1913) The Despatches of Molyneux Shuldham Vice-Admiral of the Blue and Commander-in-Chief of His Britannic Majesty's Ships in North America January-July, I776. (New York:Naval HIstory Society).
- Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships in the Age of Sail: 1714 to 1792. Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84415-700-6.