HMS London (1766)
HMS London depicted during the Action of 18 October 1782
|Ordered:||28 September 1759|
|Launched:||24 May 1766|
|Fate:||Broken up, 1811|
|General characteristics |
|Class and type:||London-class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1894 bm|
|Length:||177 ft 6 in (54.10 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam:||49 ft (15 m)|
|Depth of hold:||21 ft (6.4 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full-rigged ship|
London was originally launched as a 90-gun ship, as was standard for second rates at the time, but was later increased to 98-guns when she had eight 12 pounders installed on her quarterdeck.
French Revolutionary Wars
She participated in the Battle of Groix in 1795.
Next, London participated in an abortive invasion of Ferrol. On 29 August 1800, in Vigo Bay, Admiral Sir Samuel Hood assembled a cutting-out party from the vessels under his command consisting of two boats each from Amethyst, Stag, Amelia, Brilliant and Cynthia, four boats from Courageaux, as well as the boats from Renown, London and Impetueux. The party went in and after a 15-minute fight captured the French privateer Guêpe, of Bordeaux and towed her out. She was of 300 tons burthen and had a flush deck. Pierced for 20 guns, she carried eighteen 9-pounders, and she and her crew of 161 men were under the command of Citizen Dupan. In the attack she lost 25 men killed, including Dupan, and 40 wounded. British casualties amounted to four killed, 23 wounded and one missing. A first-class share of the prize money was worth ₤42 19s 6½d; a fifth-class share, that of an able seaman, was worth 1s 9½d. In 1847 the Admiralty awarded the Naval General Service Medal with clasp "29 Aug. Boat Service 1800" to all surviving claimants from the action.
London was broken up in 1811.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
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