HMS Madagascar (1811)

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For other ships with the same name, see French ship Néréide and HMS Madagascar.
HMS Madagascar
Battle of tamatave.jpg
Néréide as the Action of 20 May 1811 (rightmost ship)
History
French Navy Ensign French Navy Ensign French Navy EnsignFrance
Name: Néréide
Namesake: Nereid
Ordered: 28 December 1805
Builder: Saint Malo
Laid down: March 1806
Launched: 18 April 1809
Captured: 26 May 1811
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: HMS Madagascar
Acquired: 26 May 1811
Fate: 1819 broken up
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,400 tons (French)
Tons burthen: 1,113 9094 (bm)
Propulsion: Sail
Complement: 330–340
Armament:
  • French service
  • UD: 28 x 18-pounder guns
  • Spardeck: 8 x 8-pounder guns + 8 x 36-pounder carronades
Armour: Timber

The HMS Madagascar was a 38-gun Piémontaise-class frigate originally of the French Navy. Her French name had been Néréide, and she had been built to a design by François Pestel.

In 1810 as Néréide, she sailed to Guadeloupe but was repelled by the blockade off Basse-Terre, and returned to Brest after a fight with HMS Rainbow and HMS Avon.

The British captured Néréide during the action of 20 May 1811, and commissioned her into the Royal Navy as HMS Madagascar.

She took part in the Peninsular War against France, and the War of 1812 with the United States of America.

Madagascar, Vengeur, and Lightning were in company on 6 March 1814 at the recapture of the Diamond.[Note 1] Shortly thereafter, Captain Bentinck Cavendish Doyle of Lightning transferred to take command of Madagascar.

In June 1814, Madagascar served in a flotilla under the command of Admiral Lord Cochrane, and carried General William Miller and his troops from Bordeaux to the Chesapeake Bay to reinforce General Ross in the War of 1812.1

During the Battle of North Point, a supplementary body of Royal Marines, drawn from 15 ships of the fleet, were assigned to the 2nd Battalion of Royal Marines, under the command of brevet Lieutenant Colonel James Malcolm.[2] One of the two fatalities, Thomas Daw, was from HMS Ramillies.[3][4][5]

Notes and citations[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ A first-class share for Diamond was worth £59 3s 3½d; a sixth-class share was worth 10s 3¾d.[1]

Citations

  1. ^ "no. 16945". The London Gazette. 12 April 1814. p. 2040. 
  2. ^ Crawford, p273 with reference to Rear Admiral Codrington's memo dated 11 September 1814
  3. ^ "War of 1812 Casualty Database [of Crown Forces]". Retrieved 18 February 2013. 
  4. ^ "no. 16947". The London Gazette. 17 October 1814. p. 2075. 
  5. ^ "no. 16947". The London Gazette. 17 October 1814. p. 2080. 

References[edit]