HMS Marlborough (1855)
|Launched:||31 July 1855|
|Renamed:||Vernon II in March 1904|
|Reclassified:||Training ship in 1878|
|Class and type:||131-gun (later 121-gun ) first-rate ship of the line|
|Displacement:||5,892 / 6071 tons|
|Length:||240 ft (73 m)|
|Beam:||61 ft (19 m)|
|Propulsion:||Sails and 780 hp steam powered screw propeller|
HMS Marlborough was a first-rate three-decker 131 gun screw ship built for the Royal Navy in 1855. She was begun as a sailing ship of the line (with her sister ships HMS Duke of Wellington, HMS Prince of Wales and HMS Royal Sovereign), but was completed to a modified design and converted to steam on the stocks.
She served as flagship of the Mediterranean Fleet from 1858-64 (with the flag of Vice-Admiral William Fanshawe Martin, captain William Houston Stewart, from 3 May 1860 to 20 April 1863; and of Vice-Admiral Robert Smart, Captain Charles Fellowes, from 1863). In 1864 she was replaced as flagship by Victoria. She sailed back to Portsmouth to serve as a receiving ship (e.g. for the Steam Reserve in c.1890, as tender to HMS Asia) and as a training ship for engineers (c. December 1878). Whilst at Portsmouth, she was down-graded in rating to a 98 gun ship (in c. 1870).
In 1904 Marlborough was moved to Portchester Creek and renamed Vernon II, becoming an accommodation hulk to the shore establishment HMS Vernon. (Vernon I was the joint name for the establishment's two existing hulks, HMS Ariadne and HMS Actaeon - all three hulks were joined together by bridges.)
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Allen, Peter (2011-06-10). Great Barr Observer: 8. Missing or empty