HMS Nile (1839)

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HMSConway1.jpg
As HMS Conway at Rock Ferry
History
Royal Navy EnsignUnited Kingdom
Name: HMS Nile
Builder: Plymouth Dockyard
Laid down: October 1827
Launched: 28 June 1839
Commissioned: 30 January 1854
Decommissioned: 23 April 1864
Renamed: HMS Conway, 1876
Fate: Burnt, 1956
General characteristics [1]
Class and type: Rodney-class ship of the line
Tons burthen: 2598 bm
Length: 205 ft 6 in (62.64 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 54 ft 5 in (16.59 m)
Depth of hold: 23 ft 2 in (7.06 m)
Propulsion: Sails (and steam, after 1854)
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Complement: 830 (under steam)
Armament:
  • As second rate, 90 guns:
  • Gundeck: 30 × 32 pdrs, 2 × 68 pdr carronades
  • Upper gundeck: 34 × 32 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 26 × 32 pdrs

HMS Nile was a two-deck 90-gun second rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched on 28 June 1839 at Plymouth Dockyard.[1][2] She was named to commemorate the Battle of the Nile in 1798.[3] After service in the Baltic Sea and the North America and West Indies Station, she was converted to a training ship and renamed HMS Conway, surviving in that role until 1953.

Construction, reserve and conversion to steam[edit]

On completion but before commissioning, the Nile went straight into reserve at Devonport. From December 1852 to January 1854, Nile was fitted with screw propulsion;[1] the 500 horse power engine was made by Sewards of Petersfield and the conversion cost £63,837. Once finally commissioned, she joined the Western Squadron under the command of Commodore Henry Byam Martin.[4]

Crimean War in the Baltic[edit]

Crew of the Nile c. 1861-1865.

In May 1854, commanded by Captain George Rodney Mundy, Nile joined the Baltic Squadron in the Gulf of Finland, following the start of the Crimean War. On 18 September 1855, Nile's boats boarded and burnt some Russian vessels, reportedly near Hammeliski (possibly Humaliski on the island of Björkö, now called Primorsk, Leningrad Oblast). At the end of that month, the fleet began to return to the United Kingdom and on 23 April 1856, participating ships, including the Nile, attended a Review of the Fleet at Spithead by Queen Victoria.[5] In June of 1856, the Nile sailed for Halifax, Nova Scotia; the flagship of Rear Admiral Arthur Flagshawe. She visited Bermuda and the Caribbean before returning to Plymouth in March 1857.[4]

Home service and North America[edit]

Monument to the 16 crew that died on the HMS Nile at Halifax, Royal Navy Burying Ground (Halifax, Nova Scotia)

Nile recommissioned in March 1858 under the command of Captain Henry Ducie Chads. When he was promoted to Vice Admiral, the Nile became his flagship based at Queenstown in County Cork, Ireland. After exercising with the Channel Fleet during the summer, Nile departed for the West Indies in October, but was caught in a hurricane and returned to Cork for repairs some forty days later. After further repairs at Plymouth, she finally started out for Bermuda in April 1859 under the command of Captain Edward King Barnard and carrying the flag of Rear Admiral Alexander Milne, the Commander-in-Chief, North America and West Indies Station. Nile operated from Bermuda and Halifax during the tense period following the Trent Affair, when the United Kingdom's entry into the American Civil War seemed possible, eventually cementing cordial relations with the Union by means of a visit to New York City in September 1863. Returning to Plymouth in the following April, she was decommissioned and returned to the reserve, where her engines, boilers and propellers were removed.[4]

Training ship at Liverpool as HMS Conway[edit]

In 1876 the ship was loaned to the Mercantile Marine Service Association as a training ship at Liverpool and renamed HMS Conway. She replaced the previous Conway (ex- HMS Winchester which had proved to be too small. The third HMS Conway (ex-Nile) remained at a mooring off Rock Ferry Pier in Liverpool and was home to up to 250 cadets. She was refitted twice during this time. In October 1940, Conway was struck by SS Hektoria, a 13,000 ton whaling factory ship, and moved to a dock at Birkenhead for repairs. During the Liverpool Blitz there was concern that there might be considerable loss of life if the ship were hit and she moved to Glyn Garth Mooring on the Menai Straits, Anglesey, in May 1941.[6]

An Admiralty Pattern anchor from HMS Conway at Victoria Dock, Caernarfon.

Loss[edit]

In 1953, it was decided to return the Conway to Birkenhead for a refit. On 14 April, the ship left her moorings in the Menai Straight under tow, but was driven ashore shortly afterwards by unexpectedly strong tides and wrecked, watched by a large crowd on the Menai Suspension Bridge.[7] A fire in 1956 then destroyed her.[1] One may still find nails and timber at the site. Two Admiralty Pattern anchors from the Conway survive; one at the Merseyside Maritime Museum in Liverpool and one at Victoria Dock, Caernarfon, outside the former Maritime Museum.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p190.
  2. ^ Colledge, Ships of the Royal Navy vol.1, p244.
  3. ^ Davis, Peter. "Derivation of the names of the unarmoured wooden screw warships of the Royal Navy". www.pdavis.nl. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  4. ^ a b c Windsor, Alfie. "The Third HMS Conway - HMS Nile 1826 - 1876". www.hmsconway.org. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  5. ^ Davis, Peter. "W.L. Clowes on the 1854-56 Russian ("Crimean") War (4/4)". www.pdavis.nl. Retrieved 9 January 2015. 
  6. ^ Windsor, Alfie. "HMS Conway 1859-1974 - The Mersey Years 1859-1941". www.hmsconway.org. Retrieved 16 January 2015. 
  7. ^ Windsor, Alfie. "HMS Conway 1859-1974 - Loss Of The Ship 14th April 1953". www.hmsconway.org. Retrieved 16 January 2015. 
  8. ^ Windsor, Alfie. "HMS Conway 1859-1974 - Relics and Artifacts". www.hmsconway.org. Retrieved 16 January 2015. 

References[edit]