French frigate Diane (1796)

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For other ships of the same name, see French ship Diane.
Career (France) French Navy Ensign
Name: Diane
Namesake: Diana
Builder: Toulon
Laid down: July 1794
Launched: 10 February 1796
In service: March 1796
Captured: 27 August 1800
Career (UK) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Niobe
Namesake: Niobe
Acquired: 27 August 1800 by capture
Fate: Broken up in 1816
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,466 tons (French)
Tons burthen: 1,142 1594 (bm)
Length: 47.6 m (156 ft)
Beam: 12 m (39 ft)
Draught: 5.7 m (19 ft)
Propulsion: Sail
Armament: 38 to 44 guns
Armour: Timber

The Diane was a 38-gun frigate of the French Navy.

She took part in the Battle of the Nile, managing to escape to Malta with the Justice.

In 1800, as she tried to escape from Malta, HMS Success, HMS Northumberland, and HMS Genereux captured her. At the time she had only 114 men on board,[1] having left the remainder at Malta to assist in its defense.[2]

She was commissioned in the Royal Navy as HMS Niobe.[3]

On 28 March 1806,[4][5] Niobe captured the 16-gun Néarque off Groix, which had just separated from Leduc's division.

On 13 November 1810, off Le Havre along with Diana, Niobe sighted the 40-gun Amazone and the 44-gun Elisa. HMS Donegal and HMS Revenge joined the chase, attacking the French squadron when it was anchored at Saint-Vaast-la-Hougue at the Action of 15 November 1810. Eventually, the Elisa was wrecked near La Hougue, while the Amazone escaped to Le Havre. Four months later at the Action of 24 March 1811, Niobe participated in the destruction of the French frigate Amazone near the Phare de Gatteville lighthouse, Normandy.[6]

On 24 March 1811, she sailed with a squadron comprising HMS Berwick, Amelia, Goshawk, and Hawk again chased Amazone, which they trapped near Barfleur. Her crew scuttled Amazone to prevent her capture.

Fate[edit]

HMS Niobe was eventually sold on 31 July 1816.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Winfield and Roberts (2015 forthcoming), Chap. 5.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 15300. p. 1155. 7 October 1800.
  3. ^ a b Winfield (2008), p. 164.
  4. ^ Troude, p.436
  5. ^ Roche, p.323
  6. ^ The London Gazette: no. 16469. p. 573. 26 March 1811.

External links[edit]