24 December 1695
Edward Snelgrove, Deptford
27 April 1698
Wrecked, 13 February 1745
General characteristics as built
Class & type:
third rate ship of the line
150 ft 5 in (45.8 m) (gundeck)
40 ft 6 in (12.3 m)
Depth of hold:
17 ft 1 in (5.2 m)
70 guns as set out in the article
General characteristics after 1713 rebuild
Class & type:
1706 Establishment 70-gun third rate ship of the line
150 ft (45.7 m) (gundeck)
41 ft (12.5 m)
Depth of hold:
17 ft 4 in (5.3 m)
Gundeck: 26 × 24 pdrs
Upper gundeck: 26 × 12 pdrs
Quarterdeck: 14 × 6 pdrs
Forecastle: 4 × 6 pdrs
General characteristics after 1727 rebuild
HMS was a 70-gun Orford third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched at Deptford in 1698. She carried twenty-two 24-pounder guns and four (18-pounder) culverins on the lower deck; twenty-six 12-pounder guns on the upper deck; fourteen (5-pounder) [1 ] sakers on the quarter-deck and forecastle; and four 3-pounder guns on the poop or roundhouse.
In 1704, during the
War of the Spanish Succession, Orford served in Admiral Sir George Rooke's fleet in the Mediterranean; she was present as a member of the naval bombardment force at the Capture of Gibraltar. Shortly thereafter, at the Battle of Malaga, commanded by Captain John Norris, Orford was a member of the vanguard division of Rooke's fleet under Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell and Vice-Admiral John Leake; all these officers but the latter, who himself became First Lord of the Admiralty in 1710, were future admirals of the fleet.
In 1707, she belonged to Admiral Shovell's fleet. She saw action during the unsuccessful
Battle of Toulon and was present during the great naval disaster off the Isles of Scilly when Shovell and four of his ships ( , Association , Firebrand and Romney ) were lost, claiming the lives of nearly 2,000 Eagle sailors. [3 ] Orford suffered little to no damage and finally managed to reach Portsmouth.
She was rebuilt for the first time according to the
1706 Establishment at Limehouse, relaunching on 17 March 1713. She underwent a second rebuild in 1727. [2 ]
In 1718 she was present at the
Battle of Cape Passaro, and in 1736 she brought John Harrison and his first marine clock back from Lisbon.
Orford was wrecked on 13 February 1745 in the Windward Passage, though all her crew were saved. [4 ]
^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p163.
^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p168.
^ Sobel, Dava, , Fourth Estate Ltd., London 1998, p. 6, Longitude: The True Story of a Lone Genius Who Solved the Greatest Scientific Problem of His Time ISBN 1-85702-571-7
^ Ships of the Old Navy, Orford.
References [ edit ]
Lavery, Brian (2003)
The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8. Michael Phillips.
. Michael Phillips' Ships of the Old Navy. Retrieved 30 January 2008. Orford (70) (1698)